Study Guide 1; Wildlife Conservation History and Law
Study Guide 1; Wildlife Conservation History and Law WILD 2050
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Robert Kessinger on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to WILD 2050 at Auburn University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
Bobby Kessinger WILD 2050 9/1 Study Guide 1 Definitions: Natural Resources- forms of matter/energy considered essential Nonrenewable Resources- coal, fossil fuels, etc.; Resources whose rate of formation is too slow to compensate for rate of usage Renewable Resources- resources whose rate of formation is sufficient (if properly managed) they can be sustainably used indefinitely Wildlife- animals not domesticated/not under human care Vertebrates- technically fish considered part of this group, uncovered in this class Invertebrates- some species(sp.) covered in class Domestic animals Game Species- sought by humans for flesh, fur, “trophy” value, or defined as game by law Non-game Species- opposite of game sp.,defined by law or default Exotic or Invasive- non-native, no regulation against Consumptive Use- targeted towards game sp. Utilization does involve physical removal from ecosystem Non-consumptive Use- utilization of resource doesn’t involve physical removal from ecosystem Preservation- “Preserve”; no use, or only consumptive use Conservation- “Conserve”; social process, wise use Intrinsic Value- values itself and attempts to maintain itself Wildlife Conservation- social process that includes professional and lay activities and that seeks to attain wise use and perpetuation of resources (populations of wild animals and the biotic community to which they belong) Population- a collective group of organisms that occupy a space Local- small group of individuals Regional- large group of individuals Community- assemblage of interacting populations living within an area Prisoners dilemma- I’m only in control of my own actions Regulation involves- limitation to activities for the public good Free Market Regulation- market in which the price of a commodity is determined by the buyer and the seller through the forces of supply and demand Wise Use- to use wild animals nationally, both consumptively and non- consumptively, such that even though individual animals may be removed from a community, the animal population will survive in perpetuity for the benefit of all Resident Wildlife- Wildlife that doesn’t typically cross state boundaries Migratory Wildlife- Wildlife that do cross state/international boundaries Magna Carta- legal document that changed ownership of wildlife from king to people Supply- number available of a product Demand- how many people want a product Market Hunting- pressure determined by profit, cost of animal (procuring it) Brucellosis- a disease that transmits through cattle/heard animals easily Concepts and Questions 1. Why should we serve wildlife? 2. Down sides of serving wildlife? 3. Examples of Free Market Regulation. 4. Why is Wildlife History and Law important? 5. Should our efforts be more focused on local or regional populations? 6. Factors of low population. 7. Social Process of Wildlife Conservation 8. Who owned wildlife in Pre-colonial England? 9. What animals went extinct first due to exploitation and market hunting from 1600-1800s? 10. Examples of extinct sp. (not predators). 11. Factors leading to abundance of bison 12. Factors involved in the decline of bison 13. Factors of Bison management 14. What’s the NAMC, and what are the guidelines/policies they uphold?
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