intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Study Guide
intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Study Guide 1123
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Taylor Baker on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Intro world geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
Intro to World Geography Study Guide Test: September 7, 2016 (I am aware that this is lengthy, but it contains everything you need to know for the test including review questions that the teacher went over) 1. What is Geography? - the art of mapping the earth 2. what is physical geography?/ human geography? - physical is tangible things/ human is intangible things 3. maps allow us to study what? - geography 4. what is the process of making maps called? - cartography 5. what are the two types of maps? - large scale and small scale 6. name the 4 main parts of a map. - title, scale indicator, orientation, legend 7. what is a ratio which compares a measurement on a map to the actual distance between locations identified on the map? - scale 8. what are two examples of remote sensing? - sonar and observing population densities 9. what are the three criteria for geographic realms? - physical, functional, and historical 10. what are the five criteria for a region? - area, location, homogeneity, boundaries, and spatial systems 11. two-thirds of the world is covered by what? - water 12. what are the three types of plate tectonics? - divergent, convergent, and transform 13. what are the long term conditions of weather over a period of time? - climate 14. what is latitude?/ longitude? - latitude: north and south, parallel lines, 0-90 degrees; longitude: east and west, lines known as meridians, 0-180 degrees 15. what is a period of global cooling during which ice sheets expand? - glaciation 16. what is urbanization? de-urbanization? - the population moving into urban areas./ the population moving away from urban areas 17. what is the most widespread spoken language type? - Indo-European 18. what is the process by which a persons or a groups language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group. - assimilation 19. what is the fastest growing religion? - Islam 20. what is the study of interaction between geography and political processes? - political geography 21. what is a politically organized territory? - a state 22. what is the difference between a nation state and a non- nation state? - nation state is a country that shares a degree of commonality and a non-nation state is a group that has control over a territory within a country but is not a country 23. what is the longest river in North America? - Missouri/Mississippi river system 24. what is the largest lake in North America? - lake superior 25. what is the deepest lake in North America? - the great slave lake 26. what region constitutes the bulk of the continent and is the most populated? - the coastal and interior lowlands 27. what region is known as piedmont? - atlantic coastal plain 28. what is causing the west coast to rise and the east coast to sink? - downwarping 29. what is the oldest mountain range in North America? - the Appalachians 30. what was the nickname that the indians gave mount st. helens? - fire mountain 31. how long did it take for the ash plume to circle the globe? - months 32. which mountain range is located in California and Nevada? - the sierra-Nevada mountain range 33. which mountain range is home to mount st. helens and the last lahar? - the cascades 34. who was the first european said to come to north america? - columbus 35. who was the first european who may or may not have come before columbus? - Leif Eriksson 36. who was actually in North America first and when did they get here? - native americans and during the glaciation period 37. what is one of the most ancient skeletons ever found and where was it found? - the kennewick man and in Washington 38. what is the location of the oldest permanent Spanish settlement in North America? - St. Augustine, Florida 39. what did the French settle near and what are the two main ones? - bodies of water and the Mississippi River and the great lakes 40. what is the name, today, of the first Dutch settlement? what is the second settlements modern name? - New Albany and New York City 41. how many colonies were there? - 13 42. the 13 colonies were broken down into how many sub colonies? what were their names? - three and New England, Midland, and Southern 43. which of the three colonies is known for tobacco farming? - the southern colonies 44. after the U.S. gained independence, they acquired more land; what was this called? - land acquisition 45. what allowed the transition from public to private lands? - the homestead act 46. what was the cause of the conservation movement? - the extermination of the american buffalo 47. what was the story that the teacher told about that illustrated the difference between the conservation movement and the environmental movement? - teddy bears 48. the manufacturing belt first existed from Baltimore to Boston; where did it spread to? - the midwest 49. when manufacturing moved overseas what happened? - de-urbanization 50. the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) affected what three countries? - Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. 51. what are the three urbanization stages? - primary, secondary, and tertiary 52. what are the two main countries important to the fisheries market? - the U.S. and Canada 53. which country exports the most in the fisheries market? - Canada 54. what are the most efficient habitation structures for humans? - urban areas 55. what are the three ways urban areas are efficient? - maximizing the efficiency of resources, facilitating transportation and migration, and maximizing social aspects 56. what is the difference between towns and cities? - cities are bigger 57. what two things are almost interchangeable as specialized segments of a large urban complex? - suburbs and boroughs 58. in the old days what was the 4 criteria for where to build a city? what one is no longer needed? - water, food, transportation, and protection; food is no longer needed 59. does Hawaii have interstates? what about Alaska? - Hawaii does but they are not the same as the interstates in the mainland; Alaska does not. 60. what part of America is culturally complex, mostly economically poor populations and is mostly catholicism? - Middle America 61. which region of middle america has 7 republics? - central america 62. which Antilles includes the 4 large islands? - the greater Antilles 63. which Antilles includes the small islands? - the lesser Antilles 64. what was controlled by the U.S. until 1999? - the Panama canal 65. the population of central america is most what? - mestizo 66. considering the physical geography of middle america, a group of islands is referred to as what? - archipelago 67. the climate zones are mostly what? - tropical
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