×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UNLV - CHEM 121 - Class Notes - Week 1
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UNLV - CHEM 121 - Class Notes - Week 1

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

UNLV / Chemistry / CHEM 121A / What is a chemical property?

What is a chemical property?

What is a chemical property?

Description

School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry I
Professor: Berg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: general, Chemistry, significant figures, dimensional analysis, van, Vo, metric, and prefixes
Cost: 25
Name: CHEM 121 WEEK 1
Description: General Chemistry notes for week 1.
Uploaded: 09/04/2016
9 Pages 138 Views 5 Unlocks
Reviews


@import url(https://themes.googleusercontent.com/fonts/css?kit=GGSdX60RftK6aXtKOXIPyxyByNVkZsQI5tdlcGmdDrY); .lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0 0}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4 0}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0 0}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1 0}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mibdnbvlfhn1-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8 0}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vxfqp18hvb7m-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7 0}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1 0}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_fckkgfyrz4yg-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2 0}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8 0}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2 0}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3 0}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_b2r2j2mwy6xz-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-8}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7dr7jwvlu14v-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7 0}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6 0}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-6}ul.lst-kix_lv5gu0h59xf7-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4 0}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-7}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-3 0}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8f2hjxif0dal-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ehruum8za97i-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_a8j4sg4umvaf-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y0ey4ia5v76l-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-5 0}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5 0}.lst-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_hcw8qzwfr615-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_1w67r8biuwf7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcsok8b0i2da-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-5}ol.lst-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sycslo3h1elj-6 0}.lst-kix_riio9eyss9wr-3 > li:before{content:"- "}

CHEMISTRY: We also discuss several other topics like How the studies of form and function are interrelated?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the three subatomic particles?

THE STUDY NOTES OF MATTERWe also discuss several other topics like The structures that are visible to the naked eye is called what?

Matter - something that takes up space THINK MASSWe also discuss several other topics like What are the 3 subatomic particles?

Physical properties - can be changed without changing identity of substance — think appearance (shape, physical state, odor)

ex. Boiling point, freezing point, density, color, ripping, paper, cooking an eggDon't forget about the age old question of What is the p-o-l-c framework?

Chemical property - one substance meeting multiple or another substance — think a change into a new substance

ex. Metal rustingWe also discuss several other topics like A hypothesis must be what?

Energy is used for both chemical & physical property changes

Element - cannot be broken down into a simpler form — two elements together: compound

Compound - two or more combined substances — THINK MIXTURE

SCIENTIFIC METHOD

Observation - something that you recognize and form a question about

Hypothesis - a statement or question that you want answered about an observation

Experiments - trials to test a hypothesis

Conclusion - was the hypothesis right or wrong — the final answer/s to the observation

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF HEREDITY

Pea Plants

  • First generic model organism
  • Served as good genetic models… Mendel (the father of modern) genetics used them in his experiments
  • They are easy to grow and Mendel used a greenhouse
  • Rapid generation time - one generation per growing season
  • Numerous progeny (offspring)
  • Many varieties of pea plants
  • Mendel applied the scientific method: formulated hypotheses & was quantitative in his experimental design and data collection

FOCUSED ON 7 TRAITS THAT ONLY HAD 2 CLEARLY DISCERNIBLE FORMS

  1. Flower position - axial or terminal
  2. Pod color - yellow or green
  3. Pod shape - inflated or constricted
  4. Stem length - short or tall
  5. Seed - endospen color; yellow or green
  6. Seed shape - round or wrinkled
  7. Seed coat color - gray or white

Genetic Terminology

  • How we define a gene depends on the circumstances in which it is used

  • We will refer to a gene as an inheritable factor that determines a characteristic

  • Alleles - different versions of a gene

            - mendel studies only involved 2 alleles of each gene encoding a trait

  • Locus - a specific place on a dhromosome where the gene resides

           - plural form: loci

Genotype

  • Two identical alleles - homozygous
  • two different alleles - heterozygous
  • Genotype defines the potential phenotype. Actual phenotype is affected by other gene products and the environment.
  • Genotype is inherited

Phenotype

  • Observable or measurable characteristics of genotypes
  • Phenotype is delimited by genotype, but progeny do not inherit phenotype

Classic genetics infers the genotype based on the phenotype. Now: current technology allows direct determination of the genotype & infer phenotype

Monohybrid Crosses

  • Began with “true breeding parents” - parents that have same phenotypes generation after generation by self-fertilization
  • Pea plants self fertilize
  • Plants were homozygous for a trait since successive generations had the same trait
  • Monohybrid - cross plants that differ in a single trait
  • First generation was designated P (parental)

F1 Generation 

  • Offspring of the P generation are the F1 generation
  • Also called filial generation
  • Mendel found that all of the progeny had only one of the parental phenotypes—found that reciprocal crosses gave same results

F2 Generation

  • Mendel allowed the F1 generation plants to self-fertilize to yield F2 generation
  • Both traits of the P generation were found
  • Emerged in a specific ratio - 3:1 (from parental) - ¾ had the trait seen in the F1 generation

                                                                                  - ¼ had the trait of one parent that was not seen in the F1 generation

*Therefore, although F1 plants displayed the phenotype of 1 parent, both traits were passed to F2 generation progeny in a 3:1 ratio*

Leads to 3 conclusions:

  1. Since both parental traits are present in the F2 generation, the F1 generation progeny must inherit “genetic factors” for both traits from the parentals (in order for F2 generation to have both)—therefore, there must be 2 generic factors that determined a specific phenotype (correctly concluded that there are 2 alleles of each gene)
  2. One allele goes to each gamete—fertilization brings one allele from each parent together to form the genotype of the offspring
  3. The trait that was unchanged in the F1 progeny was called dominant—the trait that disappeared in the F1 progeny was called recessive

TOP HAT

  • A ______ is an observable or measurable characteristic
  • Phenotype

Principle of Segregation

Mendel’s First Law:

  • Diploid organisms have 2 alleles of each gene
  • One allele segregates to each gamete
  • Alleles segregate into gametes in equal proportions

Concept of Dominance

  • When two different alleles are present, only the trait for one allele is expressed in the phenotype - Dominant allele
  • Confirmed by allowing the F2 generation plants to self fertilize to yield the F3
  • Self crosses of F2 wrinkled seeds (recessive trait) only produces wrinkled seeds

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here