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Developmental Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide

by: PassWithThePACK

Developmental Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide PSY 376

Marketplace > North Carolina State University > Psychology > PSY 376 > Developmental Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide
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Covers Chapters 1-5 of Lifespan Development: Theories, Prenatal, Infancy
Developmental Psychology
Elan Hope
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by PassWithThePACK on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 376 at North Carolina State University taught by Elan Hope in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at North Carolina State University.


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Date Created: 09/04/16
Study Guide for Developmental Psychology Exam 1:  Chapters 1­5 (Lifespan Development)      ● Ch. 1 Approaches and Theories to Human Development  ○ Describe the five principles of Lifespan Development?  ○ What is a Cohert?  ○ What are age graded influences?  ○ Compare the differences between continuous and discontinuous development   ○ Describe Freud’s Psycosexual Theory, each of the stages associated with it and  the controversies   ○ Describe Erikson’s Psycosocial Theory, each of the stages associated with it and  the controversies   ○ What is the Behaviorism Theory?  ○ Explain the difference between Classical and Operant Conditioning  ○ Who founded social learning theory and what is observational learning and  reciprocal determinism?  ○ Who established the social learning theory and what are the stages associated  with it?  ○ What is the information processing theory and what are its criticisms?  ○ Describe two sociocultural theories.  ○ Explain Evolutionary theory.     ● Ch. 3 Understanding the Prenatal, Birth, and Newborn Stages  ○ What are the phases of prenatal development and explain the changes in each  stage.  ○ What is a teratogen?  ○ Explain the negative effects of HIV infection, drugs/alcohol, cigarettes and  environmental hazards on a fetus?  ○ How many calories should a pregnant woman consume to maintain a healthy  baby?  ○ What complications arise with maternal age?  ○ What are the stages of childbirth?  ○ What is the Apgar Scale?  ○ When is the Brazelton Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale used?  ○ What is the most developed sense of a newborn. Describe the functioning of the  other senses.       ● Ch. 4 Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood   ○ Describe cephalocaudal and proximodistal development.  ○ What is the percentage of mothers who breast feed? After 6 mo? After 1 yr?  What are some factors that might affect these rates?  ○ Describe the benefits of breastfeeding on the mother and the infant.  ○ What is the sleep cycle of a newborn?  ○ When can an infant consume solid food?  ○ What is neurogenesis   ○ What are glial cells?  ○ Explain the process of synaptogenesis.  ○ What is synaptic pruning?  ○ Define myelination.  ○ Compare experience­ expectant and experience­ dependent brain development   ○ Define habituation, imitation, and deferred imitation   ○ What is the least developed sense in an infant  ○ Define intermodal perception.  ○ List the early reflexes of motor development  ○ List the motor milestones.  ○ Compare gross and fine motor development      ● Ch. 5 Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood   ○ Explain piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Perspective   ○ What is a schema?  ○ What influences affect cognitive development   ○ Define cognitive equilibrium and disequilibrium  ○ Describe the 6 stages of sensorimotor reasoning   ○ What is the violation of expectation method?  ○ What is the A­Not­B Error   ○ Describe the Core knowledge Perspective   ○ Describe the sensory memory and working memory aspects of information  processing  ○ What is the central executive  ○ What is the Bayley Scales of infant development?  ○ Compare receptive and productive language   ○ Define fast mapping   ○ Compare overextension and underextension in relation to language   ○ Describe the contextual contributions of language            


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