Exam #1 Study guide
Exam #1 Study guide PSYC 101 001
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaeli on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 101 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Miki KItchen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 216 views.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
PSYC 101 Exam #1 Study Guide Experimentation The goal of experimentation is to shake our own beliefs Experimentation follows a cycle like the one below Prediction s Scienti fic Theory Expentme Proces s Obseonati Follows a set of processes called OPTIC o O – observe Observe a natural phenomenon or pattern o P – predict Formulate a hypothesis as to why this occurs o T – test Test your prediction o I – interpret Interpret the results o C – communicate Publish the results in a scientific journal Research Methods Interviews Subject to memory lapses of participants Questionnaires Work well when designed well Subject to honesty issues and double meaning questions o “Social desirability” negatively effects reliability of results Descriptive statistics helps interpret the data & rule out outliers Ethics Standards of right and wrong while experimenting Key questions: Do benefits outweigh concerns? How could this have been done in a more ethical way? Did the participant’s brain change as a result of this? Behavioral Genetics Studies the relationship between genes & behaviors they potentially cause. Also includes environmental factors to behaviors. Polygenetic influence When a set of genes influences someone’s behavior Monogenetic influence When a single gene influences someone’s behavior Experience has the potential to turn genes on and off o On/off > on Soft inheritance o On/off > off > on Normally PTSD The Nervous System: Sympathetic o Controls fight/ flight Parasympathetic o Relaxing “Active but restful” Types of neurons o Sensory neurons o Motor neurons Mirror neurons When you copy an action someone else does o Example: Ear scratching o Interneurons The Brain Regions Hindregions o Oldest, primary functions o Medulla, Pons, & Cerebellum Midbrain o Top of brain stem Forebrain o Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, and Occipital lobes
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