ANTH106, Week 1 NotesIf you want to learn more check out christine smith tulane
We also discuss several other topics like What are considered as marketable skills?
What is health? What are levels of analysis?
•Anthro. Key points from Aug. 30
-4 fields, med. Anth. cross-cutting all of them
-culture and cultural relativism conceptsIf you want to learn more check out What are the roots and complex numbers?
•Factors influencing health
-archaeology -physical/biological anthro.If you want to learn more check out What is capable of growth at
than 80 Celsius?
-linguistic anthropology -social/cultural anthro.
•Culture -patterns that are produced, learned and shared by members of a social group
-generally adaptive like behaviour, thoughts, language and customsIf you want to learn more check out swarnava mukhopadhyay
Proximate: How?If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of neurophilosophy?
Indiv. Physiology individual behaviour
→fat storage →eating
→blood glucose →drinking
Evolutionary proc. Societal Issues
→natural selection →social determinants
To increase fitness →stress
How Ultimate: Why?
•Finding the proximate causes of diseases is often the endpoint of biomedical analysis
•My def. Of health: someone who is at their maximum potential of all bodily functions and
Who has no illnesses.
•Actual health def. -a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not
Merely the absence of disease
•Is health a cultural universal? Yes and no. Every culture has a different idea of healthy but everyone defines it as healthy or unhealthy.
•Physical, mental and social-well-being do not always align
-more hw = more stress = less physical well-being
-think of what you do to be attractive to others that is unhealthy ex: tanning beds, plastic
•Which is the most objective? Disease, illness or sickness
•disease -physiological alteration that impairs your function
•illness -subjective experience of symptoms and suffering
•sickness -disease/illness and also ‘sick role
•disease states → impairs function
-subj. Exp. of symptoms and suffering
-what patients bring to the doctor (but is gone when you’re @ the doctors and back
When you’re gone)
-motivates changes in behavior to alleviate symptoms
-”I don’t feel well, i’m going to go to the doctors”
-can = disease or illness
-sociologically, “sick role:
-when injured, take off work and be allowed to rest
•A patient goes to a healer with an illness
•The healer diagnoses a disease
•The patient and society decide on the sickness
-what the author did with the “Nacirema’s”
•Ethnocentric -belief that his own culture is superior
•Cultural Relativism -involving other cultures and understanding them on their own terms
Without passing judgments.
•Miner didn’t answer why these people were doing these things and he over-exaggerated
•employs cultural anth. Analysis of the Nacirema culture
↪the scientific description of customs of individual peoples and cultures.
❋•5 Approaches to Medical Anthropology
Of social forces on health
Systems, critique of biomedicine
Consultation with health agencies
❋•med. Anth. does not assume that ind. Are at the best place to understand things or chose their own personal behavior.. Also, they do not bel;ieve that the environment is fixed and humans always change those