Vocabulary Test 2
Vocabulary Test 2 Psyc 2010
Popular in Intro to Psychology
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 160 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
Vocabulary Test #2 ***Keep in mind before studying for this test that Mrs. Daniels will be providing us with a word bank and definitions to match them with. However, while these are the definitions from the book and will help you specifically for this test, it is wise to make sure you understand the content of the vocabulary terms as well. These WILL be on the tests and final not for matching, but for the understanding of content. This vocabulary test should be an easy A if you know and understand the vocabulary! I hope these help you prepare for your test! Learning Acquisition; In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response. Behaviorism; The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with the view that psychology should be an objective. Cla ssical Conditioning; A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. Conditioned Response (CR); In classical conditioning, a learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus. C onditioned Stimulus (CS); A classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response. Discrimination; In classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus. Extinction; The diminishing of a conditioned response; occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus (US) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS), Occurs in operant conditioning when a response is not linger reinforced. Generalization; The tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses. Learning; The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors. Modeling; The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior. Operant Conditioning; A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher Punishment; An event that tends to decrease the behavior that it follows. Reinforcer; In operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows Shaping; An operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior. Unconditioned Response (UCR); In classical conditioning, an unlearned, naturally occurring response to an unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS); In classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally naturally and automatically triggers a response . Achievement tests; A test designed to assess what a person has learned. Creativity; The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas. Down Syndrome; A condition of mild to severe intellectual disability and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome. Emotional Intelligence; The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions. . General Intelligence; A general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test. Intelligence; Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100. On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100. Intelligence Test; A method for assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores. Mental Age; A measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; The chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performances. Thus, a child who does as well as the average 8 year old is said to have a mental age of 8. Mental Retardation; A condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.
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