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Study Guide for Quiz 1

by: EliLaprea

Study Guide for Quiz 1 ARC2701

GPA 2.89

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About this Document

This study guide covers Egypt, Greece, Rome, and the 3 capitals
History of Architecture
Study Guide
history, Architecture
50 ?




Popular in History of Architecture

Popular in Architecture

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by EliLaprea on Monday September 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ARC2701 at Florida International University taught by Rifkind in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see History of Architecture in Architecture at Florida International University.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Quiz 1 Study Guide Egypt:  Pyramid of Khafre o Materials used: red granite, stone, limestone o Architect: Khafre o When and where: 2532 BCE, Giza o Architecture:  Two plan squares  Space between interior and exterior was filled with stone  Interior was carved out from the earth itself o Shows the supreme confidence of the architect o Only preserved temple in Giza  Pyramid of Khufu o Materials: core is yellow limestone, casing of the stone is white limestone o Architect: Khufu o When and where: 2600BC, Cheops, Giza o Architecture: Solid rock on a ridge above giza  2,300,000 stones  Slides cut so precise that they were seen as completely smooth from a distance  Burial chamber corridors point to the southern and northern skies to provide route to heaven for the deceased soul  Largest pyramid in Giza o The bigger the pyramid, the more powerful the deceased was thought to be o Khufu created the title “The Son of Re”  Necropolis o Called the “city of the dead” because it was the area were the burial grounds and tombs were located o When and where:2601-2515 BC, Giza Greece:  The Parthenon o Architect: lctinus with Callicrates and Fhidias o When/where: 447-438 BCE in Athens, Greece o Materials: columns marble o Architecture: Octastyle Doric Peripteral temple with hexastyle porticos at both ends o Biggest temple in Greece o Fountain is said to have healing powers o nuanced size and spacing of marble columns and curvature of horizontal lines and elegant convergence of vertical lines o Home of Athena’s soul o Top of the temple, or the pediment, contained many symbolic images and statues o Mathematically precise  The Acropolis: “high city” o City area within Athens o Holds the statue of Athena and it is the home of the Parthenon o Safe zone for people in times of war o Location of the Athenian festival for Athena “The Parathenaia” o Represents the ionic and Doric styles of architecture The Capitals:  Ionic: o Rests on a molded base that stands on a square plinth o The capital has thfferent front and side views o Came about in 7 century BCE o Derived from a symbolic headdress or poles surrounded by bundled vegetation o Two swirls spring upward and outward from the shaft  In between the spirals are fan-like patterns o Used in the temple of Athena Polias, Priene by Pithus  Doric: o Spread convex molding called achinus o Derived from a structural system o Shaft has no base o Corona holds an Eagle (a bird of Omen and Zeus’ favorite bird  Corinthian: o Late comer between 420-400 BCE o Appears in the Temple of Apollo at Bassae and the Temple of Zeus at Olympia o Hellenistic o Hold important themes of purity and death  Acanthus leafs are symbol of immortality o Myth of its beginning  Told by Vitruvius  A Corinthian girl died. Her nurse put various pots and cups into a basket and placed it on her tomb. The following spring, an acanthus root under the tomb began to send sprouts up the basket. Architect, Callimachus, passed by and used it as a model for the capital Rome:  The Pantheon: o Patrion and architect: Hadrian o When and where: 126 CE, north of campus Marius (“field of Mars”) o Served as a church for centuries o Has 8 columns to represent the Parthenon o Monolithic columns are carved out of Egyptian granite o Dome of the building had a hole on the top (an oculus)door to all gods  Perfect hemisphere sitting on top of the drum  It is spherical because it is a metaphor for the gods (there is no set number of gods and so it is infinite, like a sphere or a circle o Both massive and volumetric o Porch represents a bridge between the divine and the profane o Vertical axis represents the gods and the divine o Horizontal axis represents the humans and the mundane o Materials: dome is made of burned and crushed limestone cement o Its size is so massive because it was built to the scale of the gods not humans o Political meanings:  Represent Hadrian’s power over the Mediterranean  Egypt: through the granite materials and the massive size  Greece: put importance on Greek philosophy thorugh the Corinthian capitals o Hidden because its visibility was not important to Hadrian


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