World Geography Study Guide 1
World Geography Study Guide 1 GR1123
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by alb1081 on Monday September 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GR1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Shatrughan Singh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geoscience at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
I will be posting the rest of the updated notes for Middle America on Tuesday, the 6 ,h for the upcoming test. The notes listed on the study guide are what he has hinted at being on the test or has told us that we need to know it. Included in this study guide are the current notes for Middle America. I. Intro to Middle America Realm and Study Guide A. Middle American Realm 1. Second smallest realm in area 2. Mainland has crucial barrier between Atlantic and Pacific 3. Panama Canal constructed by U. S. 4. Cultural and political fragmentation i. Influenced by many colonial forces 1. Africa and Europe – Caribbean; Spanish and America – mainland 5. Mexico connects North American realm with Middle American realm 6. Panama connects Middle American realm and South American realm B. Population 1. Mexico population – interior core 2. Pacific side on other countries 3. Hispaniola – Dominican Republic and Haiti C. Physical and Cultural Diversity 1. Every type of climate i. Volcanoes, tropical forests, islands, deserts D. Northern Land Boundary 1. Longest land border between U. S. and Mexico 2. Maquiladoras, assembly factories, are located close to this border 3. NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement i. Trying to manufacture jobs, but China is big competition To Know: Study over all of the notes. The professor has not given us much of a hint as to what is on the test. Know the definition of Geography – physical and human/cultural space Know the difference between tangible and intangible forms of geography Maps = cartography o We use mental maps every day Study the 12 Geographic Realms 3 Criteria of Geographic Realms o Physical and Human Distinction o Functional Interactions o Historical Aspects Two types of realms – Monocentric and Polycentric How do you define a region? o Area, boundaries, location, homogeneity, and regions as systems Absolute and relative location Alfred Wegener – German scientist who created super continent, Pangea Ring of Fire – earthquakes and volcanoes around Pacific ocean Latitude – parallels, Equator; Longitude – meridians, Prime Meridian Climate: Kopen-Geiger, the first system to define climate systematically o Know the differences between A, B, C, D, and E Study controls on climate Population clusters and what causes them (fertile soil and water) Language and religion are two major determinants of culture Lingua franca – second language of a country Differences between Nations and States o Nations – group of people bounded by common language, culture, religion, history, or ethnicity o States – sovereign, self-governing political party Nation-states – ethnically and culturally homogeneous people with national boundary and government Gini coefficient – statistical formula measuring degree of dispersion o 0.0 = equal dispersion o 100.0 = completely uneven, one side takes all What is globalization? War is fought over land/resources U. S. is most mobile population Most of Canadian population lives within 200 miles of U. S. Border Know where mountain ranges are in North American realm Rockies are the continental divide Rain shadow effect and where it happens Drainage systems – Mississippi and Missouri river systems and Great Lakes Great Basin – surrounded by mountains, participation evaporates or goes to lakes o Great Salt Lake Indigenous Populations o Canada = First Nations o U. S. = Native Americans o Choctaw in Mississippi, Inuit in Upper Canada, and Metis are Canadian and European mixed Most of the population is highly educated and economically stable Fossil fuels – oil, natural gas, coal o U. S. is large consumer Understand shifting spatial economy o Including primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary sectors o Silicon valley in California Gentrification – changing the land use Migration decision depends on perception, information, and distance Know transnationalism, melting pot, and mosaic culture Study regionalism of Canada and United States Devolution – seeking autonomy aka French speaking Canada (Quebec) North American Regions and some characteristics o North American Core – American Manufacturing Belt o Maritime Northwest o French Canada o Southeast – Sunbelt Migration o Southwest o Pacific Hinge o Western Frontier o Continental Interior – Breadbasket, agriculture o Northern Frontier Mexico connects North America and Middle America Panama connect Middle America and South America NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement Maquiladoras - assembly factories close to U. S. border
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