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UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA AT LAFAYETTE / History / His 221 / Why were some colonies able to survive in the sixteenth­-century?

Why were some colonies able to survive in the sixteenth­-century?

Why were some colonies able to survive in the sixteenth­-century?

Description

School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: History
Course: History of the United States to 1877
Professor: Ian beamish
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: virginia, carolina, and Barbados
Cost: 25
Name: Week 2 Class 2
Description: These notes cover what will be on the midterm exam.
Uploaded: 09/07/2016
5 Pages 30 Views 1 Unlocks
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Lecture Guide – Week 2 Class 2 – Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century


Why were some colonies able to survive in the sixteenth­-century?



Questions:

• Why were some colonies able to survive in the sixteenth­century? • Location and crops

• How did Virginia and the Carolina Colony differ?

• Virginia

• Grows slowly

• Serious wars and conflicts with natives

• Over time tobacco and slavery push to become economic success • Carolinas

• sixty years later

• little conflict with natives

• the culture of slavery and plantation agriculture is transported from Barbados even though most are from England 

Failed Colonies

Jamestown (1607)

∙ Structured around a joint stock company

o Virginia company

 Private company


How did virginia and the carolina colony differ?



 Goal: 

∙ set up colony in New World

 Colony named after:

∙ King James

 Goals for Colony:

∙ Find Roanoke

∙ Make money fast

o Gold

o Establish trade with Native Americans

o Enrich the companies and their big investments

∙ Settlers

o Sailed from England to Chesapeake in 1607

 First permanent English colony in the New World

 Constantly kept sending supplies and new settlers If you want to learn more check out What are nutrition concepts?

∙ 3 years later= 61/500 are alive

o Becomes a deadly place to be

 Conflicts with local Native American groups


What are the struggles of a colony?



 Weren’t growing their own food

 Wanted to get rich but didn’t want to work 

for it

∙ Short on farmers and craftsmen 

 Not good at finding a good place to settle

∙ Ideal place for a settlement

o Flat and near water

∙ Place where Jamestown was

o Swamp

 Malaria

 Small in comparison to local Native 

American groups 

• Powhatan

• Jamestown settlement pushes to acquire territory from these Natives • Leads to warfare (First Anglo­ Powhatan War (1610­1614)

• Wars flare up over and over again

• Damages settlers and population in Jamestown Don't forget about the age old question of Why would us dressmakers be in fever of ban on trade with mexico?

• Pocahontas

• Married John Wolfe

• Settler of Jamestown

• Indentured Servants

• Settlement still had not found ways to make money

• Virginia Company figures out a way to make money since the settlers  didn’t want to work

• Indentured Servants

• Poor people from England or English colonies who came to

Jamestown but could NOT pay for their own passage

• Wealthy pay for poor 

• Poor work for wealthy as a servant for seven years

• If servants survive to the end of the seven years, they are 

free and receive a certain amount of land and clothing to 

start their own farm

• Poor would never have been able to own land in 

England 

• Tobacco and Slavery (John Rolfe)

• Discovered after ten years of struggling

• Tobacco is a luxury item in England Don't forget about the age old question of List and describe the various components of the criminal justice system, including the major components of the corrections subsystem.

• Grows well in Virginia 

• Jamestown grows wealthier

• Can now afford slaves (1619) to grow tobacco instead of 

indentured servants

• Opechancanough (1622­1632)

• Natives vs colonists 

• Conflicts 

• Tobacco

• Increase of Europeans and plantations

• Opec tried to force colonists to abandon colony altogether

• Launched a last attack to remove colonists 

• Governor Berkeley captured and killed Opec

•  “Tobacco Brides” and Family Structure

• 5 to 1 male to female ratio If you want to learn more check out What is curia regis?

• Slow population growth

• Wealthy men pay women to come to Jamestown and marry them • Bacon’s Rebellion (1676) and elites’ fear of cross­racial alliances • Bacon: name of their leader

• Who is revolting?

• Poor Virginians

• Why are these people rebelling?

• Unhappy about the structure of Jamestown and Virginia

• Unhappy that the governor of Jamestown is NOT allowing the  colonists to seize as much land as they want from the Natives

• Wealthy peoples’ concerns

• Want to protect their own land

• Expanding their colonies will anger Natives

• Armed rebellion

• Forced governor to flee 

• Burns down Jamestown

• Stopped by English soldiers Don't forget about the age old question of What are the types of suicide?

• Outcome

• Wealthy elites of Virginia harden lines between indentured 

servants and servitude

• Drawing distinction will make servants feel like they are 

above slaves

• Buy more slaves and less indentured servants 

American Slavery, American Freedom

• Virginia’s version of freedom required slavery

The Caribbean and the South If you want to learn more check out List the levels of biological organization.

• Close ties because of proximity, history, and slavery

• In particular, close ties to the English Caribbean colonies

Barbados

• One could argue that Barbados was one of the most important influences on the  southern colonies in their early history

• Hub for English empire in the New World

• Wealthiest part of British empire outside of England

• “Jewel of Empire”

• Gets goods (slaves) first

• Most access to enslaved people

• Wealthy Colony

• Sugar and slavery

• Distinct Identity

• Hearth of slavery and plantation societies in the English Atlantic

• Slavery was brutal 

The Barbados Problem

• Demographic and land crisis

• By 1660s all good sugar land was taken

• Wealthy sons had nothing to do

• Barbadian slave owners wanted desperately to find more sugar land and places to  invest their wealth

South Carolina

• William Hilton

• Leads voyage

• Explores the coast of Spanish Florida and Virginia

• Proprietary venture

• English government doesn’t colonize directly 

• Wealthy people governor new colony

• Closest to the crown

• Wealthiest sugar planters from Barbados 

• John Locke

• Wrote first constitution for South Carolina

• Secretary to the rich

• First Fleet

• Load ships and sail from England

• First sail to Barbados

• Take on more passengers and supplies

• Once in the Carolinas, they move around and settle in Charles Town • Charles Town

• People in charge are affiliated in Barbados

• Quickly set standards for what the Carolinas will look like

• The Carolina Colony in the 1680s

• Barbadians bring enslaved people to Carolinas

• Unlike Virginia with small holdings, South Carolina was from the  start a world of slavery and plantations

• Imports the brutal slave laws of Barbados

• Finds a crop that will be successful

• Rice

• Off the coast

• Good location

Struggles of a Colony

 Fewer issues with Native Americans in the very early period

 Poor in people

 Resupply was an issue

 Proximity of Barbados

 Needed a staple crop

 Internal Divisions

Takeaways on Establishing Southern Colonies

 Haphazard process

 Wide variety of motives

 Limited imperial design

 Colonial Competition

 Instability due to environment and Native American interactions  Failure was the rule, success the exception

 Carolina Colony and Virginia offered different models

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