Biology 10 Midterm 1 Study Guide
Biology 10 Midterm 1 Study Guide Biol 10
California State University, Fresno
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Serena on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biol 10 at California State University, Fresno taught by Stephanie Coffman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Life Science in Biology at California State University, Fresno.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Midterm #1 Study Guide Wednesday, September 7, 212:00 PM • How can science help us answer questions? By providing evidence that supports conclusions. • What are some common misconceptions about how science works? Explain why they are misconceptions. The scientific method is a straight forward step-by-step process- No, it is actually a very complicated process. Astrology is a science- Wrong, it doesn't rely on evidence and cannot accurately predict outcomes. • What are the requirements for something to be considered scientific? In order for something to be considered scientific it has to: 1) Focus on the natural world 2) Aim to explain & understand the natural world 3) Use testable ideas 4) Rely on evidence 5) Involve the scientific community 6) Leads to ongoing research 7) Benefit from scientific behavior • The key components that can give scientific studies validity are: Studies have to be peer reviewed and have reproducible experiments which should be placebo-controlled and double-blind. • Theories vs. Laws Theories Laws Explain why or how something happened Describe the natural world Can change over time Do not change over time Can change over time Do not change over time Supported by evidence Supported by observations Do NOT become laws • Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Bacteria & Archaea Eukarya Doman Domains No nucleus Contain a nucleus No Membrane-Bounded Contains Membrane-Bounded Organelles Organelles 1-10 µm 10-100 µm Most are one-celled Some are one celled (some fungi, most protists) organisms Some are multicellular (most fungi, few protists, all plants and animals) • Can antibiotics cure a cold? Explain why or why not? Antibiotics cannot cure a cold because they only work on bacterial cells and the cold virus does not attack bacterial cells, therefore would not affect the cold at all.
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