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Part lll Essay

by: breanna Notetaker

Part lll Essay hist 1050

breanna Notetaker

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My essay for Part lll. Do not plagiarize - use as an example.
Decarvalho, Roy
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by breanna Notetaker on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to hist 1050 at University of North Texas taught by Decarvalho, Roy in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Breanna starnes Hist 1050.031 Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte is a French Emperor who lived almost two- hundred years ago. The ambitious Napoleon quickly moved up the chain in the military and became a French Hero to be remembered forever. Napoleon was a born leader who would forever change history. He revolutionized France and was the creator the Napoleonic Code. Bonaparte couldn’t live up to France’s expectations, and was eventually exiled to an island where he died. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15th, 1769, on the Corsica Island of France in the small city of Ajaccio. At the time of Napoleon’s birth his parents, Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, had birthed four children; however, only two survived. Napoleon was the second of eight siblings. (1)(6) Napoleon’s father was a lawyer and involved in the island’s independence movement, but the family wasn’t well off. (4)(6) Napoleon’s family and close friends called him Nabulio, his nickname, in which he was often bullied for. Napoleon was a smart child, but he wasn’t good at socializing and when he did he was known to be very domineering. (3) Napoleon was known to have a sort of temper, often beating his siblings. (6) In school, Napoleon’s teachers recommended he go into the military. At sixteen Napoleon joined the French artillery. Napoleon's mother committed adultery with a French military governor, Comte de Marbeuf, to get her son into the Brienne Military Academy, in which he stayed five years (instead of the required 3 as he excelled in science and mathematics, skills required of an officer), and in 1784 the Military School in Paris, France. (4)(1) In 1775, while attending the Military school in Paris, Napoleon’s father, Carlo Buonaparte, passed away due to stomach cancer. His father's death fueled Napoleon to become the new head of household. (1) Napoleon quickly moved up in the military during the French Revolution; He was a ‘workaholic’ who slept on average around four hours a night. (3) In 1776, a year after his father’s death, Napoleon graduated early and returned to Corsica, as a Second Lieutenant of Artillery, to take his father’s place. (1) Bonaparte was able to work together with his father's ally, Pasquale Paoli, until they had a bad falling out. In April 1793 civil war broke out in Corsica forcing Napoleon and his family relocated to France. (1) At twenty- four Napoleon was banished from his homeland of Corsica. (7) For Napoleon, his relocation to France meant becoming part of the military again. Only a few months after arriving in France, Napoleon had rejoined his regiment. (1) Napoleon associated himself with a democratic political group called the Jacobins. (2) During the Reign Of Terror in 1793 and 1794, over forty- thousand people were killed. After the death of Maximilien de Robespierre and the fall of the Jacobins, many opportunities began to present Breanna starnes Hist 1050.031 themselves. The Directory came to power in 1795 and soon after Napoleon saved France from counter-revolutionary forces. Because Napoleon had proven himself he was named commander of the Army of the Interior and became an advisor on military matters for the Directory. In 1796, Napoleon took over the Army of Italy, an army of about thirty-thousand people, and managed to turn the failing army around. The Army was able to expand the French empire because of their numerous victories. Napoleon, being the leader of the Army, got a ton of praise for this and began to turn into a French Hero. (1) Napoleon married Joséphine on March 9th, 1796. Their marriage was originally to better Napoleon’s national profile, but it’s obvious he fell in love with Joséphine. (1) Before Napoleon met his wife, Joséphine, he actually wrote a romance novel. The novel is about a young soldier’s relationship with his sister-in-law’s sister. Bonaparte’s romance novel wasn’t published until after his death. (5) Joséphine’s real name is Marie Josephe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie, but since Napoleon didn’t like that he renamed her. Joséphine had two children from a previous marriage; her daughter married Napoleon’s brother upon his request. Napoleon’s relationship with Joséphine was known to be one of great romance. Napoleon would always bring a small portrait of his wife, Joséphine, with him into battle as a good luck charm. (3) Napoleon’s only claim to fame wasn’t his success with the army. He also had paintings commissioned for him, displaying him in heroic and glorious poses, and printed his own newspapers which exalted and slightly exaggerated his skills on the battlefield, writing some of the articles himself. He spread his name like wildfire, seeking grandeur and influence. Although, not everyone liked Bonaparte. Many people saw Napoleon as a tyrant because of his ruthless behavior in war. (7) Napoleon’s political influence soon created France’s first constitution and the position of the first consul. The first consul was basically a dictatorship, and Napoleon’s new role in France. The first consul was in charge of everything, including who the government was comprised of. Napoleon also created the Napoleonic Code. The Napoleonic Code constituted of general rights including freedom of religion, birth based privileges were no longer allowed, and government employees must be the most qualified citizens. Napoleon soon became very popular among the French, and in 1802 he was elected consul for life. (1) In 1803, Napoleon sold France’s Louisiana land to America, later known as the Louisiana Purchase. (2) In 1804, Bonaparte was proclaimed the emperor of France. At war with most of Europe at the time, Napoleon had a lot at stake. After a British victory against Napoleon he decided to focus on Russia and Austria. (1) Napoleon was responsible for the shift in driving on the right side of the road, so it makes sense that the unconquered Britain drives on the left side. (3) Bonaparte decided to annul the marriage with his wife of almost twenty years, Joséphine, after she was unable to bear him a son. Although Napoleon loved Joséphine even until his death, he was desperate to hand his Breanna starnes Hist 1050.031 empire down. Napoleon arranged to marry a young woman named Mary Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia), the empress of Austria at the time. The marriage doubled as a sort of peace treaty between France and Austria. At age forty-one, in 1810, Napoleon married eighteen year old Mary Louise of Austria. (6) On March 20th, 1811 , Mary Louise had a son. Napoleon’s son Napoleon II, never had the chance to rule over France like his father but he did manage to become the King of Rome. Like his father, Napoleon II was a natural born leader destined to make an impact. (1) Napoleon II was very distant from his mother, however, once quoted saying, "If Josephine had been my mother, my father would not have been buried at Saint Helena, and I should not be at Vienna. My mother is kind but weak; she was not the wife my father deserved." Napoleon’s winning streak was soon brought to an end in 1810. Napoleon’s grand army that once consisted of over six-hundred-thousand men had dwindled down to a little under ten-thousand men. With enemies now invading France and resources for war running low Napoleon decided to surrender to allied forces on March 30, 1814. The emperor was now exiled to the island of Elba. France struggled on without their emperor. A year after surrendering to allied forces Napoleon was able to escape Elba Island and make his way back to Paris where he would come of power again. The government allowed Napoleon back, but was afraid of what he could actually do for the country and worrisome that what he did contribute wouldn’t be good. Napoleon led his country back into battle as soon as he could. He defeated the Prussians, and soon after the British defeated him. With an embarrassing loss, just a few days later he abdicated his power. While Napoleon wanted his son, Napoleon II, to take his place at the throne the government disagreed. (1) Napoleon was exiled to the British Island of Saint Helena in October 1815 to make sure this time he wouldn’t return. When exiled, Bonaparte’s wife, Mary Louise, and his son, Napoleon II, moved back to Austria. Even without his family, Napoleon’s life on the island was easy and relaxing, but boring for the once great Emperor of France. On the subject of Bonaparte’s exile Jean-Paul Kauffman, the author of La Chambre Noire de Longwood, said “No one escapes from St. Helena. This far-away island, this isolated piece of rock, beaten by the winds, sinister. When Napoleon sees this fortress for the first time, ... He knows at this moment this is going to be his grave.” (7) On May 5th, 1821, six years after arriving on the island, at the age of fifty-one Napoleon Bonaparte met his fate, and passed away. (2) There are many speculations about how Napoleon died. It was said Napoleon wore a cord around his neck with a poison packet attached, and by the time he used it around the time of his exile it had lost it’s potency making him violently ill. (3) In another account, Napoleon always had his hand in his vest during paintings leading many to believe he had stomach cancer. Napoleon’s final words on his deathbed were “France, army, head of the army, Joséphine.” Despite that Napoleon requested to be buried “on the banks of the Seine, Breanna starnes Hist 1050.031 among the French people I have loved so much,” he was buried on Saint Helena Island. Nineteen years later Bonaparte’s remains were moved from Saint Helena Island to a crypt at Les Invalides in Paris along with many other French military leaders. (2) Napoleon Bonaparte remains one of the most influential men in history ranking among men like Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great. (7) Napoleon’s intelligence, work ethic, ego, and conscientiousness made him an over ambitious leader, which was what eventually led to his and his empire's demise. (6) Despite his ending, in Napoleon’s short fifty-one years he was able to revolutionize France and change the world forever. Despite humble beginnings, he made history. Bibliography 1. Napoleon. (n.d.). Retrieved April 28, 2016, from 2. Staff. (2009). Napoleon Bonaparte. Retrieved April 28, 2016, from 3. 25 Interesting Things You Didn't Know About Napoleon Bonaparte. (2014). Retrieved April 28, 2016, from things-you-didnt-know-about-napoleon-bonaparte/ 4. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2016, from 5. 15 Epic Facts About Napoleon Bonaparte. (n.d.). Retrieved May 01, 2016, from napoleon-bonaparte 6. The Emperor's Youth. (n.d.). Retrieved May 01, 2016, from 7. Napoleon The Man and The Myth. (n.d.). Retrieved May 04, 2016, from


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