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Midterm History 2620

by: breanna Notetaker

Midterm History 2620 HIST 2620

Marketplace > University of North Texas > HIST 2620 > Midterm History 2620
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Midterm study guide
History from 1865
Dr. Liles
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by breanna Notetaker on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2620 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Liles in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Breanna Starnes 1. Analyze the rise and impact of white supremacist movements in the South. Explain the causes for their rise, identify the segments of society involved, and describe the impact they had on southern society and politics. Did white supremacists accomplish what they set out to do? Make sure that you provide evidence to support your thesis. White supremacy may have started before the United States’ civil war, but it isn’t just a thing of the past. George Orwell, a writer, explains “Who controls the present controls the past, and who controls the past controls the future.” (Goldfield, The American Journey, 453) The face of white supremacy began in the 1860’s when six bored ex-confederate soldiers in Pulaski, Tennessee decided to create a social club, known today as the Ku Klux Klan. Since the South was rural and often under-policed, the Ku Klux Klan seized the opportunity to take the law into their own hands. The Ku Klux Klan dressed as white hooded knights and used violence against blacks to keep their white supremacy. The Ku Klux Klan spread across the south quickly and soon became more than just a social club. While the Emancipation Proclamation freed the blacks from slavery, it didn’t give them any social power. (Chalmers, Reader in American History, 2-3) In 1869, the fifteenth amendment was passed giving all American men the right to vote regardless of their race. The Ku Klux Klan played a major role in politics, influencing and controlling the people of the south. Even after the fifteenth amendment was passed states used a loophole, property and literacy qualifications, to ensure sure black votes would be scarce. (Goldfield, The American Journey, 464) Eventually there were investigations of the Ku Klux Klan, and that was the beginning of the end for them. Klansmen managed to stay out of trouble by confessing, apparently disregarding their oath to secrecy, or fleeing from law enforcement. The violence and white supremacy had not ended when the Ku Klux Klan did. Society stayed the same as the Ku Klux Klan faded away, and white supremacy can still be seen in present-day. (Chalmers, Reader in American History, 8) 2. Discuss how industrialization transformed the lives of immigrants, skilled workers, and the wealthiest classes from the end of the Civil War through the 1870s. How were self-identity and perception of other classes shaped in all three groups? Make sure that you provide evidence to support your thesis. Industrialization changed America drastically in the late 1800’s from an agricultural society to an industrial society. Before Industrialization, America was just a land of farmers and not much else. It started with Thomas Edison’s invention of the light bulb in 1879, which rapidly turned into what we have today. Large corporations began emerging across America. But as corporations grew, it transformed America’s economy. With each corporation came thousands of new jobs. Many workers of these new corporations were Breanna Starnes immigrants. These immigrants would work long hours, in horrible conditions, for low wages. At this time immigration was at an all time high with people moving to America for a better life, or to save up money before returning back to their home after a few years. Immigrants had it very hard in the United States. Some immigrants even had trouble finding work because of stereotypes. Skilled workers were unable to find work because immigrants were working for cheaper. Skilled workers were becoming more unnecessary as technology rapidly advanced. The wealthy people were just getting wealthier because there were only a few powerful corporations; This is known as a monopoly. Monopolies were a problem because since there were so few corporations, they could set their prices high because there was no other choice than to buy from them. These monopolies had so much power they could even control politics. With a huge gap between the poor and the wealthy, the middle class changed from professionals to white collar workers. Each class was influencing one another by the amount of money that they were bringing in, dividing the country in half. By 1893, America was in a depression that later would be solved by Anti-Trust. In less than 20 years America’s economy was destroyed by Industrialization and monopolies. (Goldfield, The American Journey, 512-538)


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