ANTHWk3 ANTH 1102
Popular in HON Intro to Anthropology
Popular in Arts and Humanities
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Savannah Pope on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1102 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Falconi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see HON Intro to Anthropology in Arts and Humanities at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Introduction to Anthropology 1102 Week 3 Before Race = ethnocentric, people believed themselves to be culturally superior 1 These people did not link cultural practices to physical differences 2 Less likely to believe phenotypic diversity across groups represents unbridgeable differences 3 People sought common ground b/t each other Shift begin from learned practices and traditions towards static + fixed notions of physical and essential characteristics Difference of religion, reigned higher as classification than race. Change when wealthy landowners came to use race to justify slavery, enforce separation, colonizing indigenous lands and promoting division among rebelling minorities. Race did not evolve in nature, but from beliefs through cultural and social practices. 1500s colonist arrive, view Natives as separate Nations not races. Mid1600s, Europeans + Africans = indentured servants. colonial leaders relegate Africans to permanent slavery. Nation’s original sin = slavery Other nations employed slavery, h/e America is big on alienation from society, slaves = bottom rung, children might grow to have freedom Americas slaves = generational, slavery never ending 1500s + 1600s = exploration, Boats for months to years to unfamiliar territories. “Traditional racial groupings are the endpoints of transoceanic trade networks.” 1640 – John Punch, runaway indentured servant, black now has to serve for life, white counterparts receive only 1 additional year of service. 1676 – Nathaniel Bacon leads uprising of poor servants, to prevent future uprising = separation to restrict African freedoms, passing laws to ensure no direct contact, or marriage (Miscegenation interracial marriage.) 1691 law passed that prevents intermarriage of Europeans to Africans, Mulattos, Natives. = no unification = no rebellion. Planter class deliberately brought slavery to the South 16901725. Simultaneously laying the foundation for the invention of the races. Planter Class = After big money, with 2 desires 1 Have effective social control over the population to prevent rebellion 2 Provide themselves with cheap labor Race Ideology based in belief of separate, distinct and exclusive groups made unequal by God/ Nature.
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