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Exam 1 Review Guide

by: Ryan Williams

Exam 1 Review Guide SOCA 101

Ryan Williams
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

Materials discussed in class that will be covered on the exam
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Kristi D. Wood-Turner
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ryan Williams on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCA 101 at West Virginia University taught by Dr. Kristi D. Wood-Turner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at West Virginia University.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
Sociology 101 9/6/16 P. 1 Exam 1 Review:  The scientific study of human social relationships, groups, and societies is known as:  sociology o Includes: use of research methods to study o Understand and generate new knowledge  Paradigms: o Functionalism­ clapping: everything is necessary, even crime plays a role,  without crime, we wouldn’t know what’s good and what’s bad. Society acts as a  functional being, everything depends on each other. Most people like the way  things are going now  Macro level theory o Conflict theory­ Fists: Two things that are boucing against each other, struggle  for rescouces. Old vs rich. Reason we are fighting is because of the struggle for  scarce resources. Fight for scarce resources­ caused us to change laws, like  voting regulations. Scarece recource= vote. Rich vs poor  Macro level theory o Symbolic interactionalism­ high five: what comes out of individual interactions  with each other is what creates change. Ex. Facebook­ one person created a  format that changed the way we communicate. One person making a change for  the other people. Football helmets­ one person changed the way that we do  sports. Symbols interacting with eachother can change the way our societies  work.   Micro level theory. A small reaction, a little interaction­ good chance  that this is referring to symbolic interactionism o Questions on the exam will be tricky: going to state a situation and you will have  to list which paradigm he has. Practice examples.   Test questions about thoerists: o Comte­ must have social laws o Parsons­ spokes on wheels, each part interacts o Merton­ Parson’s student­ looking closer at how the systems work o Herbert spencer­ strong communities survive, weak communities die out o Durkheim­ suicide guy, level of connectedness will determine how you move in  society o George Herbert Mead­ in order to know society, you need to know symbols,  father of interactionalism o Arving Goffman­ nobody really knows you, life is like acting o Howard becker­ society changes because of how we label you, from that  everything else eveolves from that. Ex. Trump saying that Mexicans are rapists­  changing the way that society is functioning o Herbert blumer­ collective group culture= not going to act rationally in a group  setting. Individually people are rational. Collective behavior generates  excitement to motivate change. Example: school fight. Example: in a class where the teacher doesn’t show up, nobody leaves until someone does first then  everyone does.  o Conflict theorists­ people fighting for scarce resources  Karl marx­ equal wealth = equal peace. Capitalism won’t work Sociology 101 9/6/16 P. 2  Bellamy­ capitalism will destroy earth, nobody will be able to afford the  products that they produce, how are you gonna make your money?   Harriet Martino­ women aren’t getting the right to vote  Jane adams­ you need to live with those you serve, created the hull house  WEB Du Bois­ greed+war= poverty of black americans. Black people  were never given equal opportunity to compete because of racism, which is why they’re not in equal social positions. Ex. Kids being trained for 10 years before a soccor try out vs someone who has never had training=  can’t comoete the same  Material vs non material o Material culture­ ? o Non­material­ aat the end of the performance, you applaud the performance.  Religion­ very much a part of our culture but non material  Norms­ Aughts and aught nots. What is normal in a society, what you have deemed  appropriate. Different levels from least to most internse o Folkway­ ex. shaking girlfirend’s fahter’s hand. No running in the house. Any  kind of ettiquitte. People will look at you funny but you won’t go to jail o Mores­ norm that is a little more intense than a folkway. Society agrees that it is  something that we should not do but it is not yet illegal o Laws­ a norm that when broken, it is punished with sanctions.  o Taboo­ we all agree that this is absolutely wrong, ex. incest. We don’t go there.   Sapir­Warf Hypothesis­ language and the way we perceive language affects perceptions  of reality. Futured language makes us think of future as distant. Tribes who only use east  and west.   Values­ on test will be given a value and we will have to say if it is a pair, a cluster, or a  conflict.  o Value pairs­ doing things quickly or slowly­ two that are opposite of each other o Value cluster­ value doing things together, representational of each other.  Supporting a value with other values that compliment it. Ex. freedom, right to  bear arms o Value conflict­ when you have two conflicting values. It is not possible to hold  both values  Subculture­ cultures below any dominant culture in society o Ethnic subculture­ celebrate dominant culture but also own ethnic culture o Counter culture­ acting directly against the dominant culture in society. Ex.  bikers.  o High culture­ high class, fancy shit, rich people shit.  o Popculture­ popular culture, things that are popular at a certain time. Shared  culture.  *Bring a scantron! *Book pages 5­8! 12­16! Culture: 42­46, 50­53! Everything in the book is fair game, but from those  pages, there will be questions. 


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