Geography 1010 Exam 1 Study Guide
Geography 1010 Exam 1 Study Guide Geog 1010
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Notetaker on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geog 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Brysch in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 803 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
GEOGRAPHY EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 • Geography is the study of places and the relationship between people and the environment they live in. • Regions are used to organize the world—3 types. - Formal: an area that has 1 or more shared cultural or physical traits that can distinguish it and make it unique from other regions. o Example: an area of a town with mostly people that speak French. - Functional: an area that has a specific shared political, social, or economic purpose that unifies it. o Example: school districts - Perceptual: an area that people are attached to due to their own sense of identity or personal reasons. o Example: Auburn and football • Spatial Diffusion: the movement of information or ideas across an area over time—3 types. - Relocation: the actual movement of people from one place to another. - Contagious: when an illness, religion, etc. spontaneously spreads from one person to another. - Hierarchical: the spread of something (for example, an idea) from the most important to the least important place. • Geographer’s tools are those that help supplement their work—3 types. - GIS (geographic information system): this tool lets geographers analyze and interpret data so that they can understand patterns, trends, and relationships. - GPS (global positioning system): determines location by using 24 artificial satellites, radio signals, and receivers. - Remote sensing: using sensors on airplanes/satellites to make measurements of the earth. • Maps—2 types. - Reference maps: show latitude and longitude (absolute location) and can tell where places are and how they are connected. - Thematic map: shows the relative location (unlike reference maps that show absolute), and tells a story of data. o Scale on a map shows the relationship between map and earth distance—it can be expressed on a map as a ratio, graphically, etc. • Studying connectivity (historical spatial interaction) allows us to see who is tied together and who isn’t. CHAPTER 2 • Globalization: is the interaction and integration between different places around the world. • International financial institutions: create global unification, connection, and shape— there are many types. - The World Bank: found in 1945 and helps in world development and in ending poverty. - International Monetary Fund: found in 1945 and helps in the prevention of loan default. GEOGRAPHY EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE - World Trade Organization: found in 1995 and promotes free trades and deals with trade problems. - The United Nations: formed in 1945 and promotes world peace. • Accessibility - Technology: some people have access to internet and technologies, and some with better access to the internet and technologies through which they can communicate with others—this can be for many reasons. o Some countries have better bandwidth than others. o Some countries are more introduced to technology than others. o Some countries have technological sources and some don’t. • Hegemon: powerful entities in which one state dominates on global stage. • Due to time-space compression (rapid diffusion due to technology), distance-decay isn’t an issue. • Site and Situation - Site: a location in which there are certain reasons that it appeals to people. - Situation: the location of a place relative to others in a network. • Social groups can be affected in many ways. - Environmental change o Farmers worried about their crops dying due to climate change. - Recovery of a household o If anything happens, will a household have enough resource to recover? - Risks of natural disasters o Areas where many tornados occur. CHAPTER 4 • Sudan - In Northern Sudan, the majority religion was Islam. - In Southern Sudan the majority religion was Christianity. • Rwanda is where the Tutsi and Hutus were. • Africa’s climate is a hot zone, which is essentially made up of heat and humidity. • The tropical Savannah contains the best agricultural lands—grasslands. • Cultural fault lines: lines that mark a difference in cultural patterns—these distinct cultural patterns that the 2 regions have are what cause conflicts. • Local involvement is critical in the success of conservation and eco tourism areas (national parks). • Infectious Diseases - Non-vectored: diseases that can be transmitted from person to person. o Examples: HIV/AIDS, flu, etc. § HIV/AIDS is most common in Central Africa—specifically Botswana. - Vectored: diseases that are spread by a carrier (mosquito, fleas, etc.). o Examples: malaria CHAPTER 5 • The SW Asia and N Africa region is collectively known by many names—“MENA”, “Middle East”, “Dry World”, etc. • Major Religions—3 main. GEOGRAPHY EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE - Judaism: follows the teachings of Abraham and has The Torah/Hebrew Bible as the holy book. Israel is the only country with Judaism as the major religion. - Christianity: follows the teachings of Jesus Christ and has The Bible as the holy book. - Islam: the founder was Muhammad and the holy book is The Quran. It is also the fastest growing religion. There are 2 groups in Islam—Shi’a and Sunni. o Shi’a: majority of Shi’as are in Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and Iraq. o Sunni: majority everywhere except for the countries listed for Shi’a. • Farsi is a common language in Iran, and the majority of the ethnic heritage of people in Iran is Persian. - The Persians ended up being displaced after Israel was created. • Women must be covered and have a more conservative approach to clothing, in the region.
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