POSC Exam 1
Popular in Texas State & Local Government
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kailey Mathews on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POSC 2306 at West Texas A&M University taught by Melissa Henderson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Texas State & Local Government in POSC at West Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
POSC 2306 Exam 1 Study Guide Scan-Tron # 882-E Government- A public institution with the authority to formulate, adopt, implement and enforce public policies for a society Public Policy- Government action designed to meet public needs or goals as determined by a legislative body or the authorized officials Politics- The process of policymaking involving conflict and cooperation between parties and other groups that seek to elect government officials or influence officials making public policy (interpreting laws) Political Culture- Conservative- believe in a limited role for government in taxation, economic regulation, and providing social services; Support traditional values and lifestyles; are cautions in response to social change o Texas has NOT been reluctant to use their power of the state to enforce certain traditional valued such as restricting abortions and prohibiting same-sex marriages o Agree with less government spending Liberal- believe in positive government action to improve the welfare of individuals, government regulation of the economy, support for civil rights, and tolerance for social change Moralistic Culture- views government as a positive force; values the individual but focuses mainly on the benefit of the general public (“what can the government do for me?”) Who developed them and what they are *voter turnout in Texas very low type of culture we have in the panhandle- individualistic traditional political culture *poverty rate at the Texas border is much higher than in more affluent areas in Texas Demographics- Population characteristics such as age, gender, ethnicity, employment, and income, that social scientists use to describe groups in society Changing elections in future 25% Latino Texans in 1990 --- 42.09% Latino Texans in 2015 Texans with a political view of “in the middle” shade almost completely democratic This could lead to Texas becoming a swing state. *National and Central government are the same thing *State, local, and regional government are the same thing Federalism- The sharing of powers between national and state government Unitary- Authority rests with the national government and local government are therefore, subordinate to the national government Confederal- Authority rests solely with the state government therefore, the national government is completely subordinate to the state government Federal- Equal sharing of powers between the national and state government Know Examples of different powers at national level, state level and shared… circle graph Delegated powers- Those powers that the constitution gives to the national government in order for them to do their job Expressed powers- Powers clearly stated in Article 1, Section 8 of the constitution that state what they can and cannot do Implied- powers granted by the necessary and proper clause in Article 1, Section 8 that giver assumed powers to the federal government to perform the needed functions of their job Inherent- Powers that are not state in the constitution but seem to come with an office or position such and the President, Reserved Powers- These powers are the powers that come from the Tenth Amendment and are reserved to the state Concurrent Powers- Powers shared by both the national government and the states *Study Table 2.1 for examples of the breakdown of the powers Supremacy Clause- When the federal law and state law are I conflict, the federal law must be followed Tenth Amendment- Reserves powers to the state and limits the government by stating that powers not given to the federal government nor prohibited to the states, do get to go to the state Commerce Clause- power coming from Article 1, Section 8 that gives congress the power to regulate commerce and other broad national government actions such as “Obamacare” Necessary and Proper clause- last clause in Article1, Section 8, known as the elastic clause, that gives the power to use the Commerce Clause as a justification for programs such as “Obamacare” Dual Federalism- The understanding that the federal government and state governments are both sovereign within their sphere of influence (equally respected spheres of government) Cooperative Federalism- Relationship where national government and states are mutually complementary parts of a single government (national government gives state $$ to implement policies set forth by the national government) Coercive Federalism- National government directs the states on policies that must be abided by (Texas feels as though our government has become Coercive) Include things like: Abortion Transgender bathrooms Affordable Care Healthcare Act Gay-marriage Unfunded Mandates- Obligations the federal government imposes on state governments while providing little to now funds to pay for the mandated activities Know about the assigned articles
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