Bio Exam 1 Study Guide
Bio Exam 1 Study Guide Biology 101
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bailey Wilhoit on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 101 at University of South Carolina - Columbia taught by Dr. Czako in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see Biological Principles I in Science at University of South Carolina - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Biology Study Guide Exam 1 Chapter One 1. List and Give Brief Explanations of the Characteristics of Living Things a. b. c. d. e. f. g. 2. List the Levels of Biological Organization a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. 3. What are the five unifying themes of Biology? 4. What are the three Domains of Life? Include the cell type for each domain. 5. Explain the difference between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. 6. Give a brief explanation of Darwin’s Natural Selection theory. 7. Explain the difference between hypothesis and theory. Chapter Two T/F 1. Elements can be broken down into simpler substances. 2. Isotopes of elements differ in the number of neutrons. 3. Polar bonds form when electrons are shared equally. 4. The valence shell of an atom is what largely determines the behavior of the atom. 5. Anions have more electrons than cations. 1. Explain what a Van der Waals Interaction is. 2. What determines the identity of an element? 3. Explain the relationship between electronegativity and polar/nonpolar covalent bonds. 4. How is chemical equilibrium reached? Chapter 3 1. What is the basis for water’s properties? 2. What type of molecule is water and what kind of bond does it form? 3. List and and explain the four emergent properties of water. Explain how they each help sustain life on Earth. a. b. c. d. 4. Explain the difference between hydrophilic and hydrophobic. 5. How do acids and bases change the pH level of water? 6. Define acidification. Chapter 4 1. What are the major elements of life? 2. Discuss the differences between structural isomers, cistrans isomers, and enantiomers. 3. What are hydrocarbons composed of, and where are they usually found in a cell? 4. Are hydrocarbons hydrophilic or hydrophobic? 5. How is it that Carbon is able to form long complex molecules? (Think of its electron shell, structure, etc) 6. List the 7 functional groups, along with their properties and compound names. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. 7. What does ATP stand for? 8. What is the significance of ATP? Chapter 5 1. Which of life’s four classes of organic compounds is NOT made from polymers? 2. Define monomer and polymers. 3. What are enzymes and their function? 4. Explain what happens in both hydrolysis and a dehydration reaction, and explain their relationship. 5. List the four major classes of biological molecules. 6. What is the name for the simplest carbohydrate? What is the name for the macromolecule for carbohydrates? Give an example of a sugar. 7. What is a glycosidic link? 8. What do plants store sugar as, and where? 9. How do animals store sugars and where? 10. How do storage polysaccharides and structural polysaccharides differ in structure and function? 11. What is chitin? 12. What trait do all lipids share? 13. Explain the structure of a fat. 14. What separates saturated and unsaturated fats? 15. What is the major function of fats? 16. How do phospholipids and lipids differ? What is the main function of phospholipids and what about their structure helps them perform their function? 17. What steroid is crucial for animals? 18. Define catalyst. 19. What are amino acids and how are the linked into polymers? 20. Give a brief description of the 3 structures of proteins. 21. What causes denaturation? 22. What are the monomers of nucleic acids? 23. What is the most important role of nucleic acids?
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