GEOG 1010: Study Guide Exam 1
GEOG 1010: Study Guide Exam 1 GEOG 1010
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This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 590 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
STUDY GUIDE EXAM N0. 1. GLOBAL GEOGRAPHY 1. Understand the concept of Hinterland. ◦ Literally means "country behind" ◦ The surrounding zone of interaction area outside the "core" of the city. ◦ The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services. • Example: Westchester --> NYC 2. Understand map scale ◦ The ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground. ◦ When the map "zooms in" it represents less territory and vice versa. 3. What is the Greenhouse Effect? ◦ The trapping of the sun's warmth in a planet's lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet's surface. 4. Know how tectonic plates move. Study the map of the plates. ◦ Large movable plates under the Earth's surface. ◦ Page 12 5. Study the climate map. Know the Climate Types and generally where they are located. ◦ A: Humid Equatorial Climate • Below equator (Northern South America, Southern Africa, India, Philippines- Japan area) ◦ B: Dry Climate • Northern Africa, Oceania, Middle East, Western U.S. ◦ C: Humid Temperate Climate • South- Eastern U.S., Europe, Southern South America, North/South Korea ◦ D: Humid Cold Climate • Canada, Russia, ◦ E: Cold Polar Climate • Antarctica, Greenland, North Pole, South Pole ◦ H: Highland Climate • Mongolia, ◦ Page 15 6. Where are the major population clusters? ◦ South Asia • Starts in India and includes Pakistan and Bangladesh ◦ East Asia • Korean Peninsula to Vietnam ◦ Europe • Includes Western Russia 7. How does the World Bank view countries, economically? ◦ High-Income ◦ Upper-middle income ◦ Lower-middle income ◦ Low-income 8. Understand the concept of Globalization. ◦ The process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture ◦ Integrates world as "global village": what happens in one area can affect a distant area. 9. What is a Transition Zone? ◦ Where 2 geographic realms meet, but no sharp boundaries (mountains, deserts, oceans) that mark their contact.) • North America is a realm, it is separated from South America, by a different criteria to determine boundaries (physical/human, historical, functional.) ◦ Page 8 10. What is the difference in the two types of Regions? ◦ Monocentric • Dominated by a single, major political entity in terms of territory or population ▪ Example: North America is heavily inﬂuenced by the United States. ◦ Polycentric • The appearance, functioning, and organization of the realm are dispersed among a number of (more or less) equally inﬂuential regions or countries. ▪ Europe is composed of The U.K, France, Spain, Germany, ect) 11. Know the major culture groups in Canada. ◦ French cebe•uQ ◦ English • Ontario and the rest of Canada ◦ Ottawa River marks boundary between the two 12. Study the Physiographic Map of North America. ◦ Page 38 13. Understand the Rain-Shadow effect. ◦ A rain shadow is a dry on the side of the mountain opposite to the wind. • Step 1: Air thick with moisture from the ocean arrives at the mountain • Step 2: This forces the air upwards, cools it, condenses it, and produces rain. • Step 3: By the time the air crosses the mountains and descends on the landward side, most of the moisture has been extracted. • Step 4: The forests of the ocean-facing side quickly yield to scrub and brush. 14. Know what is meant by Main Street. ◦ Commercial, industrial, residential area • Goes from Detroit -> Windsor, MI to Quebec City, Quebec 15. Know the names of the Great Lakes and where they are located. ◦ Pneumonic Device- (HOMES) • Huron • Ontario • Michigan • Eerie • Superior 16. Be familiar with the American Manufacturing Belt. ◦ Foundation of North American Core ◦ New technologies and specializations such as Detroit's automobile industry strengthened and extended into Southern Ontario. • Cities like New York, Chicago, Toronto and Pittsburgh 17. Understand Altitudinal Zonation. ◦ Areas where distinct local climates, soils, vegetation, crops, domestic animals and modes of life prevail. ◦ Regions with distinguishing properties (South America) • Tierra Caliente ▪ "hot land" of coastal plains and low-lying interior basins where tropical agriculture predominates • Crops such as bananas, sugar cane, rice • Tierra Templada ▪ Temperate land with cooler temperatures • Crops such as coffee, maize and wheat • Tierra Fria ▪ Cold country of the higher Andes • Crops such as potatoes, barley, dairying • Tierra Helada ▪ Cold and barren • Can only support livestock grazing • Tierra Nevada ▪ Uninhabitable, zone of permanent ice and snow associated with the loftiest Andean peaks • Page 66 18. Where did the Aztecs live? Where did the Mayans live? ◦ Aztecs • Valley of Mexico (Tenochtitlán was in modern-day Mexico-City) ◦ Mayans • Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico ▪ Northern Guatemala, Belize, Honduras 19. Study the map of Middle America. Which countries colonized which Caribbean countries? ◦ (British) England • Jamaica, Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Swan Islands, British Honduras, Bay Islands, Corn Island, San Andrés Island, Providence Island, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenada, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Antigua, St. Croix, Dominica, Saba Island, coast of Honduras/Nicaragua/Costa Rica, bits of Yucatán Peninsula ◦ (Dutch) Netherlands • Half of St. Martin, St. Eustatius, Netherland Antilles, ◦ (Spanish) Spain • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico ◦ (French) France • Haiti, Half of St. Martin, Martinique, Guadalupe ◦ Page 68 20. Understand the differences between Mainland and Rimland. ◦ Mainland • Greater isolation accessibility • Moderate climate • Hills/plateaus • Euro/Amerindian • Mestizo • Haciendas ◦ Rimland • Greater location • Tropical lowland • Islands • Euro/African • Mulatto • Plantations Notes: • Yellow highlight means to study a certain map. • Images used are not directly from the book, but very similar. • Page numbers correspond to the maps found in “The World Today: Concept And Regions In Geography”
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