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Patho Study Guide Exam 1

by: Faith Nandkeshwar

Patho Study Guide Exam 1 HTHS 2230

Marketplace > Weber State University > Health Sciences > HTHS 2230 > Patho Study Guide Exam 1
Faith Nandkeshwar
Weber State University

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About this Document

Rather than combining all the notes I've made for this exam, I've prepared a study guide that can be printed and filled out.
Introductory to Pathophysiology
Dr. Chugg
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Faith Nandkeshwar on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HTHS 2230 at Weber State University taught by Dr. Chugg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory to Pathophysiology in Health Sciences at Weber State University.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
UNIT 1 EXAM STUDY GUIDE Cellular Adaptations  Be able to distinguish major differences between each cellular adaption. Adaptive or Cellular Adaptation Maladapti Definition Example ve? Atrophy Hypertrophy Hyperplasia Dysplasia Metaplasia  Determine what is adaptive or maladaptive UNIT 1 EXAM STUDY GUIDE Cellular Injury Hypoxia: When the cell is deprived of oxygen  Make sure you know the chain of events that are a result of hypoxia - Lack of oxygen  relying on glycolysis  little ATP produced etc. Free Radicals: atom/molecule that has one unpaired electron  Know how it is can affect us by: - Lipid peroxidation - Protein destruction - DNA alteration  Know the different ways to inactivate free radicals - Antioxidants - Enzymes  Understand these are only bad in excess Lead Poisoning Lead tries to be other minerals - Interferes with neurotransmitters = paralysis in extremities - Hemaglobin production is interrupted because it tries to be iron Toxic Chemicals  CO (carbon monoxide) - Tries to act like oxygen and binds to hemoglobin - Hemoglobin wants CO more than it wants Oxygen - What will this cause?  Alcohol (ethanol) - Can be acute or chronic  know what happens for each condition - Easy to absorb UNIT 1 EXAM STUDY GUIDE Blunt Force Injuries TRUAMA Type Definition Abrasion Laceration Incised Wound Stab Wound Gunshot Wound Other Sources of Injuires Type Definition Causes Asphyxia Nutritional Imbalance Extreme Temperatur e Atmospheri c Pressure Water Pressure Ionizing Radiation UNIT 1 EXAM STUDY GUIDE Noise Cellular Accumulation  Cells produce stuff but don’t let it go  Know the 8 cellular accumulations 1. Water 2. Lipids 3. Carbohydrates 4. Glycogen 5. Protein 6. Pigment 7. Calcium 8. Urea Cellular Death Necrosis: when cell dies, irreversible process  Make sure you know all the different types of Necrosis Kind Definition Causes Where It’s Found Coagulative Liquefactive Caseous Fat UNIT 1 EXAM STUDY GUIDE Gangreous Cellular Death Apoptosis: normal cellular death  Know the major differences between Apoptosis and Necrosis o Which is normal / not normal? o Which is caused by shrinking of the cell / lysis and swelling  Remember macrophages use the process of apoptosis by engulfing the cell, breaking it down  Materials broken down by apoptosis are reused Aging and Cellular Death  Know the different theories of the causes of aging - Genetics - what happens throughout your life  Somatic Death: complete death of organism - Respiratory and circulatory system stop - Algor Mortis: pale skin, falling temperature - Livor Mortis: purple discoloration, blood accumulating - Rigor Mortis: lack of ATP = muscle stiffness - Postmordem Autolysis: muscles become flaccid again because tissues are breaking down


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