Popular in Global Issues
Popular in Department
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Savannah Pope on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2401 031 at Georgia State University taught by Schaefer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
Reviews for PSWk2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/08/16
Political Science: Global Issues 2401 Week 2 Chapters 3+4: The Threat of Weapons Proliferation, Nationalism and the Clash of Identities Proliferation the growth or production of cells by multiplication of parts. a rapid and often excessive spread or increase: weapon proliferation. Proliferation is not a distant problem, Arms buildup in high tension = higher chances of military contact/increase of weapon systems When government devote funds to large armies or WMD (weapons of Mass Destruction), they divert resources from programs like education and healthcare. Types of Proliferation – Vertical Proliferation, Horizontal Proliferation, Conventional Weapons, WMD’S Vertical Development and stockpiling of weapons in one country. Horizontal Spread of weapons/weapons technology across borders. Conventional Weapon systems that make up military arsenals (guns, tanks, bullets, planes, etc.) WMD’S Special weapons that have devastating effects when used in small numbers. Vertical Proliferation of Conventional Weapons: oldest form of proliferation, challenges global stability by – a. Stockpiling = more weapons for conflict in government and citizens, b. High social cost = tradeoffs b/t defense programs, cuts in social welfare money for citizens o Development of military strategies and stockpiled weapons = high chance of war. o Conventional weapons = more sophisticated and destructive o Military cost rise = decline in economic growth and increase in gov’t debt Horizontal Proliferation of Conventional Weapons: spread of conventional weapons/weapons technology across country borders through arms sales = legitimate transfers of weapons from sellers to buyers in the international arms market. o Corporate greed may be driving the world more towards major conflict o Arms trade = big business, USA #1 in sales o Arms customers – allies in the developing world, h/e not always sold to countries considered traditional allies. Legal and illegal arms sales contribute to civil war Vertical Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Three categories of WMD’S; Nuclear, Biological and Chemical o Nuclear: devices with huge explosive power, based on atomic fission/fusion. Use of Nukes to end WWII = beginning of arms races b/t US + Soviet Union. o Chemical: work by spreading poisons that decapitate, injure or kill with their toxic effects on the body. They are more lethal and destructive. Cheap and simple compared to Nuclear and Biological weaponry. o Biochemical weapons are microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses or fungi WWI introduction of mustard gas, kills 91,000 soldiers, injures over 1 million in 1917; introduction of tear gas by Germany. Anthrax = most common example; has as many as 10 million lethal doses per gram. 731 Japanese program aimed at testing biochemical weapons on citizens in near villages. Brits fear Jap results, develop Anthrax Bombs, 1943 USA begins biochemical weapons program. 1969 Nixon calls stop to development of Biological weaponry, in two years USA shuts down all production of chemical and biological weapons. 1974 – A standoff b/t Pakistan and India ensues; India detonates a “peaceful nuclear weapon” May 1998; India detonates 5 more underground nuclear bombs; Pakistan responds w/ 6. 1979 – Soviet Union releases accidental bomb of Anthrax North Korea st Tested 1 Nuclear bomb October 2006 According to Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, several countries are considered “high risks” if they obtain use of Biological Weaponry (North Korea + Islam are the top two) GWB (BUSH) “the greatest danger we face is that the world’s most dangerous people will get their hands on the world’s most dangerous weapons. WMD Systems: Countries build them for security and prestige,
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'