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UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - Week 8

Created by: Ashley Bartolomeo Elite Notetaker

UA - PSYCH 101 - Class Notes - Week 8

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background image Test 2 Material Language Development Learning Objectives Discuss the basic units of language Identify the brain areas involved in language Explain how language develops in infancy What is Language? Language: a system of communication using sounds and 
symbols according to grammatical rules
Language is made up of two primary units: o Morphemes: smallest language units that have  meaning including suffixes and prefixes o Phonemes: basic sounds of speech, making them  building blocks of language; letters Syntax and Semantics o Syntax: rules of speaking, without syntax our  communication would fall apart o Semantics: meaning of words and phrases Saying ma’am in the south is respectable but 
saying it up north refers to an old woman
4,000 languages in the world Language and the Brain Broca’s area and Wernicke’s Area o Broca’s- production of speech
o Wernicke’s- understanding speech
Aphasia: a language disorder that results in deficits in 
language comprehension and production
o About 40 percent of all strokes produce some aphasia,  which can be temporary or permanent Language in Infancy Start talking about a year Phrases about 1.5 – 2 years Sentences about 3 years At teens you know about 15,000 words

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Tba
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology
Name: PY 101
Description: Notes on language development
Uploaded: 09/09/2016
2 Pages 21 Views 16 Unlocks
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