Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide HIST 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Stephen Maizlish in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
HIST 1311 Exam 1 Study Guide The European and African Roots of the Great Migration throughout all of the Americas. The Native American population was very diverse with around 600 different tribes. Some were nomadic, while others were more settled. Some were pacifistic, and others were warlike. European settlers came to America with either economic motives, religious motives, or both. To them, no one was in their way to cultivate the plentiful land. They paid very little attention to the Native Americans, and whenever they came across them, they wiped them out. There were immigrants who were forced to come to America, mainly African slaves. Europeans already in jails could be sent over there for labor as well. ial dangers, so they paid Africans to kidnap other Africans and bring them to a place like Goree Island, which was free of mosquitoes and malaria. From there, the slaves are put on a ship and brought to America. The Economic and Religious Motives for the Great Migration Many Englishmen migrated to America in the 1600s for better economic opportunities. Many of these men were either tenant farmers or landlords. Many Englishmen also had religious motives for migrating to America. Wool became very profitable in Europe, and as a result, landowners kicked out tenant farmers to make way for more sheep and shepherds. Tenant farmers went to America for work opportunities. Landlords went to America because of the inflation of gold coins in Europe. They land. For those who migrated for religious reasons, they complained that the Church of England icism. They also felt that the leaders and members were sinful and corrupt. Concerned Protestants were afraid of being tainted if they stayed. Notes by Angela Dela Llana Two religious groups that came to New England were the Pilgrims and the Puritans. They had very similar beliefs and were both appalled by the corruption in the Church of England. The Pilgrims separated from the Church of England. The Puritans remained members of the Church of England and separated themselves in order to set an example of how Protestants should act. The Puritan Community and Its Decline Women were submissive to their husbands and were in charge of taking care of the house and caring for children. Despite still being seen as inferior to men in Puritan society, women had more rights in Puritan society than they did in England. Women could: 1. Make contracts 2. Own one-third of family estate 3. Control children from a previous marriage 4. Join in decisions to sell family property 5. Have business licenses The Puritans are seen as a society that broke away from oppression and formed a new community that was very close with each other. The beginnings of a democracy began to appear with their newly acquired freedom. However, the Puritans are also seen as prudish and somber. Everyone looked at each other and made sure no one sinned. According to the Bible, children had to honor their mother and father. If they were ages 16 or family to be disciplined for 7 years. The goal of this practice was to maintain family love and relationship. Puritans had strong rules against sex before marriage and adultery, but they were leniently enforced. If a couple was caught having sex before marriage, they were encouraged to get married as Catholics, who practiced celibacy. The Puritans had a very tight society with both strict rules and leniency. It was tough to get into the community, but it was a caring and tightknit community. The first reason for the decline of Puritan society was the passage of time. The new generation of experience the same hardships that first Puritan settlers had in England, so they . The second reason is the temptation of place. Puritan settlers were from each other and thus started having different ideas. The third reason was the material Notes by Angela Dela Llana success of Puritans. Eventually, merchants had to break isolation and trade with outsiders, which resulted in new ideas being introduced that conflicted with and diluted Puritan ideas. Puritans would make money trading with new Puritan immigrants coming from Europe. They initially tried to keep isolated and avoid trading with outsiders. In order to survive economically, Puritans had to trade with outsiders. Soon, the Puritan community was no longer an isolated society. New ideas, beliefs, and values made their way into The Puritan Elders were weary of the traders because they were willing to break isolation and trade with outsiders. After 1630, England became more tolerant of Puritans. They no longer felt the need to escape to America, and new immigration slowed down considerably. This forced Puritans to trade with outsiders. The Puritans felt guilty for the new corruption in their community. This resulted in them from the original Puritan values and stopped feeling guilty, so they no longer felt the need to blame others. The Southern Colonies There were three different regions in the colonial south: Chesapeake Society, Carolina Society, Chesapeake Society was 55 percent white and 45 percent black. They were isolated and mainly sold tobacco. Carolina Society was 26 percent white and 74 percent black. The area was swampy, which made it good for growing rice and indigo. There were a lot of towns, and it wa could be grown. Areas like Chesapeake Society and Carolina Society had a lot of slave labor due to their cash get them drunk to get them on the ship to America. Indentured servants could be sold and rented. Since indentured servants only worked for 5 years, they were worked very hard by their supervisors. Notes by Angela Dela Llana court and own some property. 80 percent of indentured servants either died while working, returned to England after they were done working, or remained poor in America. Slavery in the Colonies Many Africans perished on the slave ships journey across the Atlantic. On board, Africans were shackled by their hands and feet and were kept below deck where it was extremely hot and unsanitary. Africans often attempted suicide by starvation, so they had to be force to be kept alive. In the North, particularly Boston, slaves could be separated from their families. There was a case in court where slaves argued that they could not obey the commandments of the Bible if their families were broken up. Children could not honor their parents, and wives could not be submissive toward their husbands. In the South, slaves tried to maintain their African culture as much as possible. Also, they often try to resist. Their most common way of protesting was feigning ignorance when being told to complete a task. African slaves were called Negroes, a term derived from the Spanish word for black. Advertisements at the time showed that many slaves were not being obedient. The word was used to describe a slave who was likely to obey. Slavery took root because of economic need, the powerlessness of Africans in America, and racial prejudice. There are several reasons why Native American enslavement was limited. First of all, Native Americans died as soon as they came into contact with Europeans because of the diseases they brought with them. Secondly, Native Americans knew the environment and could escape. Lastly, enslaving members of Native American tribes was not a good formula for peace and would anger many of those who weren Notes by Angela Dela Llana
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