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Psych 160, Study Guide for Exam 1

by: Alexandra Notetaker

Psych 160, Study Guide for Exam 1 PSY 260

Marketplace > University of Miami > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 260 > Psych 160 Study Guide for Exam 1
Alexandra Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on our next exam, Chapters 1-3.
Personality Psychology
Dr. Jill Kaplan
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 260 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Jill Kaplan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
EXAM #1 STUDY GUIDE EXAM DATE: WEDNESDAY 9/14/2016 CHAPTER 1 I. What are the fundamental questions addressed by personality psychology? a. Personality Psychology=a discipline within psychology that asks how our major mental systems work together as a whole b. Who am I? What is my future? Why is it so hard to know ourselves? c. Implicit personality theory=describes our unstated assumptions and ideas about how people think, feel and behave d. How and why are people different? i. Characterology: literary endeavor to describe the different sorts of individuals who existed ii. Temperament: physiologically based motivational and emotional styles people exhibit. 1. Cholerics: easily irritated, too much yellow bile 2. Melancholics: sad, resigned, too much black bile 3. Sanguine: even-tempered, more blood than other types 4. Phlegmatic: dull, coward, sluggish, too much phlegm II. What is Personality? a. Molecular-molar Continuum i. Molecular: relatively small (ex: sensing color orange) ii. Molar: larger (ex: feeling envious of a friend who owns a beautiful painting of a bright orange fruit) b. Inner-outer dimension: a separate, private internal personality exists within the individual’s skin c. Personality changes over time III. What is the field of personality psychology? a. Psychodynamic psychology (how one part of the mind influenced another) b. Psychoanalytical psychology (Carl Jung) c. “individual psychology” (Alfred Adler) CHAPTER 2 I. Where Do the Data Come From? a. External source: data that arise external from personality – from biology, settings, interactions and institutions b. Self-judgement/self-report data: arise when individual is asked to describe something about themselves c. Process-report data: involves individual’s report of an ongoing mental process d. Mental ability data: when individual answers a test question e. Thematic report Data: when individual responds to ambiguous stimulus II. What research designs are used in personality psychology? a. Case study design: intensive examination of a single person over a period of time b. Observationism: outgrowth of the case study method i. Repeated examinations of many different cases ii. Free association: method by which patients are instructed to tell the therapist/observer whatever comes to their minds c. Correlational research design i. To find the relation between 2 or more personality variables d. Natural experiments i. Two or more groups examined; experimental group received treatment/manipulation and control group has not e. True experimental designs i. Involve random assignment of people to groups including one or more experimental groups and one control group III. What does it mean to measure personality? a. The assignment of numerals to the various features or properties of personalities according to some orderly system b. Psychometrics: a field devoted to developing measurement techniques for the assessment of a person’s mental qualities c. Reliability: stability, predictability, dependability, and consistency d. Validity: refers to whether a test measure what it is intended to measure IV. How do psychologists manage the study of so many variables? a. Factor analysis: oldest and best-developed technique for organizing many variables i. Used to group traits according to their similarities ii. Uses a factor loading table to read results iii. The correlation of the original variables with the factors are called factor loadings CHAPTER 3 I. What are perspectives on personality? a. Field-wide framework: divides personality into topics of study b. Personality perspective: based on a set of assumptions or beliefs about what most important influences on personality are c. Theory of personality: contains set of statements about how personality operates II. What is the Intrapsychic Perspective? a. Classical conditioning: addresses how an organism’s innate responses to stimuli in the environment can become paired with other originally neutral stimuli. b. Unconditioned stimulus and response, conditioned stimulus and response c. Operant conditioning: emphasizes the consequences of behavior


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