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UNCC / Liberal Studies / LBST 2214 / What refers to the study of standards used to make moral decisions or

What refers to the study of standards used to make moral decisions or

What refers to the study of standards used to make moral decisions or

Description

School: University of North Carolina - Charlotte
Department: Liberal Studies
Course: Health and Quality of Life
Professor: Moore-harrison
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: LBST 9/8 notes
Description: coincide with second quiz
Uploaded: 09/09/2016
4 Pages 245 Views 0 Unlocks
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LBST NOTES

Don't forget about the age old question of blackboard syr

Introduction to Ethics in Health and Quality of life

        The majority of Ethical issues deal with:?

☆1.) Public vs. IndividualWe also discuss several other topics like Describe the cinematography of the film, Schindler's list.

   2.) Financial Issues XDon't forget about the age old question of How are rows and columns measured in a matrix?

   3.) Research-related Issue XDon't forget about the age old question of Discuss the properties of ionic compounds.

   4.) Rationing of Care XDon't forget about the age old question of What is the sense of smell and taste ?

Ethics

        •Study of the standards used to make moral decisions or judgements

        •Used to answer moral questions where right and wrong are unclearDon't forget about the age old question of What are the benefits of studying Archaeology?

        •Individual vs. Public rights

Where do they come from?

        •Moralility

             (based in beliefs and culture)

Principle of Bioethics

        •Autonomy -self-determination and the right to make one’s own decision

•Beneficence -benefit, doing good

        •Nonmaleficence -prevent needles harm

        •Justice -fairness, hearing people, equally

        •Fidelity -faithful to agreements

        •Veracity -telling the truth

Principles Compete with Each Other

    •In a high health care environment, the action of doing good (beneficence) has potentially

     Equal harmful effects (nonmaleficence)

        -New prescription or treatments come with significant risk of liver damage blood clots

         Or death

        -Genetic manipulation to treat disease

    •Self-determination (autonomy) creates harm to others

What are Public Health Ethics?

•A systematic approach to balancing competing interests.

•Often individual rights of autonomy and privacy compete with community interests and responsibilities

•”Public Health Law provides authority to place sign. Restrictions on individuals

Modern Bioethics: Historical Roots

        •Wazi experiment on living humans during world war II

        •Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

           -Sanctioned study 1932-1972

           -Black men with disease (399) without (201)

   -No consent given

Alumberg Code (1947)

        •Voluntary consent is essential

        •Experiment has to yield good of society with knowledge that results will justify

        •Should avoid harm or injury

        •Necessary steps must be taken to prolet subjects against remote possibility of injury,

         Illness or death

        •Only done by qualified people

        •Subjects can end @ anytime

Belmont Report (1979)

        •A consequence of Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

        •Defined expectations of researches and rights of participates i.e, informed consent and

         Review Board (IRB)

        •Role of IRB

               -Risk are minimized and realitive to benefit

               -Subject selection is equitable, subjects are informed and consent

               -Adequate provisions to protect privacy and safety of participant

Research Rights (Participant)

        •Informed consent

        •Protect from harm

        •Document that there is a Social good and reason

How are Ethical Issues resolved?

        •All health related disciplines have a code of ethics they are expected to observe.

        •Ethical Review Panel @ hospitals include clergy, ethicist, physicians and others who

         Review cases

        •IRB reviews research proposals for protection.

           

 

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