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UD / Human Development / HDFS 202010 / What is the family of procreation?

What is the family of procreation?

What is the family of procreation?


School: University of Delaware
Department: Human Development
Course: Diversity and Families
Professor: Bahira sherif-trask
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: HDFS, hdfs202, diversity, HumanDevelopment, family, diversityandfamilies, humanservices, LectureNotes, week2, outline, and familystudies
Cost: 25
Name: HDFS 202 Week 2 Lecture Notes
Description: Notes including all material presented during week 2 of lectures for HDFS 202: Diversity and Families. Outline format. Important information is bolded.
Uploaded: 09/09/2016
3 Pages 49 Views 2 Unlocks


What is the family of procreation?

HDFS 202 Week 2 Lecture Notes

Family as a Permanent but Changing Institution

∙ Contemporary Concepts of Family

o Remarriages

o Dual Careers

o Childless couples

o One parent households

o Ethnic families

o Same­sex unions

o Grandparents raising children

o Abusive partners

∙ Populations: cannot compare countries because of drastic population differences; a  policy that works in one country may not work in another

o China: 1.3 billion

o India: 1 billion

 The eastern Asian countries are so densely populated, there are more  people living in this area than outside of it

What are the contemporary concepts of family?

o United States: 324 million

o Sweden: 9 million

∙ Implications of Family Membership

o Intense

o Long­term

o Social institution in society

 Legal obligations, authority  

∙ Family Myths

o Traditional families were self­reliant and didn’t need assistance Don't forget about the age old question of In biology, what is a polypeptide chain?

 Families are actually interdependent

o Natural spheres for gender roles

 Man works, woman cares for home and children

o Families are always happy and loving

 Conflict always exists

∙ Family Structures

o Nuclear: Husband, wife, and/or children (biological or adopted) o Conjugal: Couple

In family structures, what is the nuclear?

o Extended: 2+ generations living together/near each other

o Family of Origin/Orientation: the family you’re born into

 You are the child

o Family of Procreation: family formed through marriage and/or kids  You are the parent

∙ Necessity of Families


o Procreation

o Socialization

o Economic security

o Emotional security

How Do We Study Families?

∙ Study of Family

o Interdisciplinary field:

 Anthropology

 Child development

 Demography

 History

 Psychology

 Religion

 Sociology We also discuss several other topics like What is the national climate data center?

o Research

 Influenced by:

∙ Funding availability

∙ Source of funding

∙ Access to subjects

∙ Current popular topics

∙ Time

∙ Ethics If you want to learn more check out What is the normative dimension?

o There are specific guidelines for family research

o Issues:

 Funding: could be biased

 Withholding findings

 Withholding medical treatment

 Suppressing research on controversial topics If you want to learn more check out How many elements do we found in organic molecules?

∙ Political/Religious/Community Pressures

o Opposing views must be considered

 Research and Theory

∙ Theory is a “lens”­ provides ideas

∙ Research verifies or disproves a theory

 Methods

∙ Data

o Quantitative: numerical

 Quicker, cheaper

o Qualitative: non­numerical

 More in­depth

∙ Surveys: systematically collect information through 



o Need a representative sample: a sample which reflects the population

o Internet surveys are popular

o Advantages of surveys: Cost effective, large sample size,  flexibility, efficient, anonymous

o Disadvantages: Sample can be biased, poor wording can  skew results, low response rate, lack of honesty

∙ Clinical Research: study individuals or small groups through  case studies or in­depth interviews

o Advantage: In­depth, linked w/ long­term counseling o Disadvantages: time consuming, expensive, subjective (not  generalizable)

∙ Field Research: observing subjects in natural surroundings o Participant v. Non­participant We also discuss several other topics like Is systematic variance and error variance, are the same?

 Non­participant: researchers do not interact with 


 Participant: researchers interact with subjects

o Ethnographic: researcher takes perspective of subjects  Advantages: flexible, direct observation

 Disadvantages: observer bias, people are reactive to  being observed 

o Demographic: outsider looking in

 Advantages: large­scale info

 Disadvantages: do not reveal motives behind 


∙ Secondary Analysis: review previously researched material and create a new research project from it

o Use historical records, statistics, letters, diaries

o Advantages: accessible, convenient, inexpensive

o Disadvantages: may be difficult to access

∙ Experiments: structured, artificial situation that allows  researchers to control variables

o Advantages: cause­and­effect can be established If you want to learn more check out What are the different forms or variants of a gene?

o Disadvantages: rely on volunteers or paid subjects ∙ Evaluation Research

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