Intro to Biology Review
Intro to Biology Review BIOL 107-06
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by emmy_rose4267 on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 107-06 at Truman State University taught by Daniela Ostrowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Biology I in Biology at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Intro to Biology Exam 1 Review Intro: 1) What characteristics do living things all have? 2) What are examples of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes? 3) What is the tree of life? 4) What are the four ribonucleotides in rRNA? 5) Describe Evolution 6) How are hypothesisrelated science and discovery science related? 7) What is the pedometerhypothesis? Chemistry 8) What four elements make up 96% of all living matter? 9) Which particles are negatively charged and which are positive? 10) What does valence refer to? 11) What is an ionic bond? 12) What is a covalent bond? 13) What is a hydrogen bond? Water 14) Why does water’s structure make a bent shape? 15) What are some properties of water? 16) What is hydrophilic vs hydrophobic? Macromolecules 17) What are the four macromolecules? 18) What are monomers? 19) How do simple sugars differ from each other? 20) What is a disaccharide? 21) What is the resulting covalent bond of a disaccharide called? 21) What is a polysaccharide? 22) What are the four polysaccharides we learned? 23) Define lipids 24) What are the three types of lipids? 25) What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats? 26) What are phospholipids? 27) What is an anabolic steroid? 28) What are the 6 different types of proteins? 29) What is the monomer of protein? 30) What are essential amino acids? 31) Explain hydrolysis 32) What is a peptide bond? 33) What influences protein folding? GOOD LUCK! ANSWERS: 1) They use energy, have one or more cells, process information, can perform replication, and are a product of evolution. 2) Bacteria and Archaea are Prokaryotes. Plants, Animals, Fungi, and Protists are Eukaryotes. 3) A family of tree of organisms that describes genealogical relationships among species. 4) A, U, G, and C 5) Change in characteristics of a population over time through the process of natural selection. 6) Hypothesis based tests possible explanations for observations of discovery science. 7) Ants know how far they travel by tracking their steps and knowing the length of their stride. 8) C, N, O, and H 9) Protons: positive Electrons: negative Neutrons: neutral 10) The number of unpaired electrons in the outer shell. 11) The transfer of electrons 12) The sharing of electrons 13) A weak bond formed by partial positive and partial negative charge of nearby atoms 14) Water is polar and oxygen is electronegative so the electrons are pulled towards oxygen. 15) It is an efficient solvent, cohesion, adhesion, surface tension, is denser as a liquid, and has a high heat capacity 16) Hydrophilic: water loving Hydrophobic: water fearing 17)Proteins, Nucleic acids, Carbohydrates, and Lipids 18) Building blocks of polymers 19) The location of carboxyl group, number of carbon atoms, and spatial arrangement of their atoms 20) 2 monosaccharides bonded together 21) Glycosidic linkage 22) They are many monosaccharides bonded together 23) Starch, Cellulose, Glycogen, and Chitin 24) Carboncontaining compounds that are nonpolar and hydrophobic 25) Fats, Phospholipids, and steroids 26)Saturated: single bond of carbon Unsaturated: double bound 27) Glycerol linked to phosphate group and 2 hydrocarbon chains 28) Synthetic variation of testosterone 29) Enzymes, transport, defensive, receptor, structural, and storage proteins 30) Amino acids 31) Amino acids cannot be produced by the body 32) Breaks polymer apart by adding water molecules 33) A bond between carboxyl group of 1 amino acid and amino acid group of another 34) High temperature, extreme pH, and harsh chemicals
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