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History Exam 1 study guide

by: Matthew Vickers

History Exam 1 study guide Hist 1020

Marketplace > Auburn University > Hist 1020 > History Exam 1 study guide
Matthew Vickers

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About this Document

It's information for all the topics he told us were important in the study guide and a practice test that asks some of the important topics we've gone over so far.
World History II
Dr. David Carter
Study Guide
World History, french revolution, american revolution, napoleon
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Matthew Vickers on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. David Carter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
1. Enlightenment ideas were spreading making people want more control of their own lives 2. Propaganda arguing that it was “common sense” for people to govern themselves. Part of it was adapted into Declaration of Independence 3. Laws binds both ruler and people. He believed governments should be based on it and inspired Thomas Jefferson. 4. Montesquieu served in the American Revolution and developed system of government that separates the power and keeps the others in check. 5. King George III wanted payment for the protection he gave them, they didn’t want to pay the taxes and not have representation 6. States started out very independent with Articles of Confederation, had many problems, wrote the U.S. Constitution to fix it. Anti-federalists didn’t like it, Bill of Rights was added. 7. Unencumbered by tariffs, quotas, and fees; free markets and labor 8. Idea that political power depends on “the people” 9. Colonists took inspiration from British citizens fighting for more control in British civil war 10.All three provided funds to the revolutionary army to strike a blow to Britain 11.I didn’t help them. Women claimed contribution to revolution (like working farms and shops) should give them more power- greater equality in marriage and property rights. NA weren’t given any power in this new government. AA was promised freedom for joining Britain but not America. Some states argued for their freedom, some didn’t, but didn’t want to endanger the country over it. Gabriel Prosser raised and an army of slaves and was supported by white artisan and labors, but failed and he and 27 slaves were hanged. 12.The notion of a government run by the people being possible and by overthrowing monarchies inspired other countries. Influenced France, Haiti, Brazil, Mexico, and others. 13.Mishandled the riots, planned on fleeing country and returning with Austrian army to retake power. Was caught leaving and both ended up at the guillotine 14.1 - clergy 2nd– nobles 3 – everyone else 96% of population (bourgeoisie, craftsmen, sans-culottes, peasants) st nd 15.King called Estates General for the first time in over a century. 1 and 2 wanted to outvote 3 which had more people. 16.France ran out of money funding wars. Was in national debt, had to tax 1 st nd and 2 estates. 17.He was the leader of the estate and they wanted more power because they had the most people to represent 18.Without breeches- blue collar workers 19.Merchants, investors, middle class 20.Unrest and hunger created riots, estates burned, financial records destroyed, many lost their head 21.Served in American rev. took ideas from their government and applied to French. Wrote declaration of man based on declaration of independence 22.3 estate kicked out of assembly, made agreement that they were France not king, renamed national assembly rd st 23.AlndFrench men get equal representation, 3 estate and sympathetic 1 and 2 made it. No more estates 24.Written by Marquis de Lafayette, all men equal before the law, based on declaration of independence 25.Afraid soldiers will attack, people broke into the armory for weapons. The Bastille also happened to be a political prison, so they escaped. Civilians now armed prepared to fight. Inspired people throughout the country to burn down establishment buildings. 26.First modern patriotic citizen army. Fought for nation, not king. 27.Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette tried to flee to Austria for her brother’s army, was caught, and killed for treason. 28.He led this radical group that was supported by sans-culottes. They wanted a bigger government. Liberal group. 29.Food shortage and king’s execution put people into panic. Only 2 verdicts: innocence and death. Terror led by committee of public safety, who were the judges. 30.Thermidorean replaced July. Directory is a committee of 5 directors that was moderate the previous extremes. 31.New France gave him the opportunity to rise so quickly, became poster child 32.Abolished feudal privileges and established the equality of every man before the law 33.Only guy good enough to crown him, invited pope to make it seem more holy 34.He repairs the damage done to catholic/France relationship, promotes religion, and invites him to crowning. When other countries banned against him the church does too and he gets excommunicated. 35.Forces was spread too thin, largest army in history, more than 600,000 men, casualties due to exposure in winter, disease, desertion, and battles. Less than 100,000 men made it back to France. 36.Austrian, Prussian, and Russian forces defeated him and occupied Paris, forced him to Elba. He reconquered Paris in less than a year. Group joined by Britain defeated him again at waterloo and sent him to Saint Helena, much farther away. 37.June 22, 1815 Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Britain defeated Napoleon after his return. 38.Prussia, Russia, and Britain agreed to fight Napoleon, so he decided to blockade them Russia trading with Britain was what caused Napoleon to invade Russia. 39.He saw himself as a liberated and expected people to take up his cause and help support the French army after he “freed” them 40.The revolution is safe on my watch. I am the product of the revolution myself. But the chaos and uncertainty of the Revolution is going to be over. People should go back to their private interests, their private concerns. And the new government will provide the order and the stability and the strength to allow that to happen. 41.He likes liberating people, but he doesn’t care about anything that could distract him from becoming more powerful 42.Slaves revolted, inspired by French revolution. Overthrew the slaveholders and took over the island until Napoleon took control back. 43.Organized resistance among the former slaves, eventually captured and executed because of napoleon 44.The profits are much greater than those of any other cultivation that is known either in Europe or America 45.Slavery was abolished in France, but slave owners in St. Domingue were making too much money to free them. This led to the revolution. 46.Mexico was actually free to govern itself when napoleon conquered them. Made them resentful when Spain regained control. They fought for their independence, winning it in 1821. 47.The monarchs’ retreat to Brazil after being conquered and leaving his son their changed how the country was run. The son declared independence and was supported by those that feared a slave revolution. 48.After liberation civil war broke out because of different social, ethnic, and religious groups. Simon was killed by his enemies, while San Martin was exiled. 49.Economic alliance created by Prussia and smaller states. Similar to British free trade zone. 50.New technology meant more people living in cities, which meant more business men, which meant more bourgeoisie 51.Transformation of subsistence farming into commercial farming 52.Railroads multiplied the speed of industrialization. More supplies could be moved further, faster. 53.Designed factories so a person would only do one job over and over again, similar to assembly line 54.Trying to earn money for food, only during down time 55.Families would be given raw material to produce cloth, which would be sold for both parties to earn money. 56.Mechanical spinning wheel that allowed the spinners to keep up with the weavers 57.Steam engine that used coal to raise water from coal pits 58.Created a much more powerful steam engine that would be used in the industrial revolution 59.He wants to create a utopia for his workers, but critics say he would control their lives too much 60.Workers were forced to live in over populated slums 61.Child labor was a very common occurrence 62.Everyone flocked to the same jobs causing residencies to become over- crowded slums 63.Coal was the fuel source for the steam engines powering the machines and iron was used to build the machines 64.Made it possible to spin many threads into yarn at the same time 65.Combined spinning jenny and water frame into water mule 66.Much more gradual industrialization. There was no sudden burst. 67.Germany was many different territories that had to overcome economic isolation. Had a wide variety of resources when it did come together. 68.Helped workers clean more than fifty times as much cotton a day 69.Saw how horrible the slums were. Helped him to write communist manifesto later. 70.Workers would be angry at conditions, destroy equipment pretending to belong to radical group until things improved 71.Europe and America banned slave trade. Britain enforced with a blockade. Rapidly increased amount of slaves in Africa 72.Africa exported palm oil, peanuts, and vegetable oils instead of slaves 73.Africa rapidly increased the amount of slaves it used because they couldn’t export them 74.No transportation infrastructure 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. A 8. B 9. D 10.B 11.D 12.C 13.B 14.B 15.D 16.A 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.D 21.B 22.D 23.A 24.B 25.B


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