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Biology Study Guide for Exam 1

by: Elizabeth Schnarr

Biology Study Guide for Exam 1 BIOL 107-06

Marketplace > Truman State University > Biology > BIOL 107-06 > Biology Study Guide for Exam 1
Elizabeth Schnarr
Truman State

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About this Document

This study guide covers all of the material learned so far. I hope this study guide can give you some extra help studying for the exam.
Introduction to Biology I
Daniela Ostrowski
Study Guide
Bio, Biology, Chem, Chemistry
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Schnarr on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 107-06 at Truman State University taught by Daniela Ostrowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Biology I in Biology at Truman State University.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Biology Study Guide 1  Lecture 1: Bio    1. What characteristics make something living?   An organism is considered alive if it processes info, can replicate, can acquire  and use energy, is a product of evolution, and is made up of one or more cells    2. What is taxonomy?  Taxonomy is the science of classification    3. What conditions must be met for natural selection to occur?  Individuals must differ in traits that are heritable and they must be in a specific  environment where the version of traits is more beneficial to the species’ survival.    4. What 3 things makes a hypothesis good?  It is testable, falsifiable, and is written as a declarative statement    5. What is artificial selection?  This is when humans interfere in order to choose individuals that will produce the most  offspring      Lecture 2: Chemistry    1. What 4 elements make up 96% of the human body?  Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Hydrogen    2. What is atomic number and mass number?  Atomic number is the number of protons and mass number is the number of protons  AND the number of neutrons    3. What are ionic bonds?  Ionic bonds are when an atom transfers an electron to another in order to obtain a full  valence shell      4. What are covalent bonds?  Covalent bonds are when 2 atoms share a pair of electrons    5. How can you find out an atom’s polarity?  An atom is non­polar if the elements have relatively the same electronegativity and  polar if they are different      Water and Life    1. Water is both a ​ dhesive​ and ​cohesive.  2. What does hydrophilic mean?  Water­loving    3. What does hydrophobic mean?  Water­fearing    4. What does pH measure?  It measures acidity    5. What do buffer systems do?  They help maintain homeostasis      Carbohydrates    1. What is the monomer of Carbs?  Monosaccharides    2. What are the isomers?  Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose    3. What is the bond that connects components of carbs?  Glycosidic linkages    4. What are the 2 major functions of polysaccharides?  Storage and structure    5. Name 4 types of polysaccharides.  Cellulose, Chitin, Glycogen, and Starch      Lipids    1. What are the three types of lipids?  Fats, phospholipids, and steroids    2. What are the components of a fat?  3 fatty acids and a glycerol    3. What do the bonds look like in a saturated vs unsaturated fat?  Saturated­ single bonds  Unsaturated­ double bonds    4. What makes something a lipid?  A carbon­containing compound that is nonpolar and hydrophobic    5. What is an ester bond?  A bond between glycerol and 3 fatty acid tails      Proteins    1. What is the monomer?  Amino acids    2. What bond connects the components of a protein?  Peptide    3. What makes amino acids unique?  Nature of R­group    4. How many structures are there?  4    5. What helps with the folding of proteins?  Chaperones         


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