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JOUR 301, Atkins, Study Guide, TEST 1

by: Samantha W.

JOUR 301, Atkins, Study Guide, TEST 1 Jour 301

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Jour 301 > JOUR 301 Atkins Study Guide TEST 1
Samantha W.
GPA 3.84

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About this Document

This is a detailed study guide for the first test of History of Mass Media
History of Mass Media
Study Guide
journalism, Media, history
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha W. on Friday September 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Jour 301 at University of Mississippi taught by ATKINS, JOSEPH B in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 159 views.

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Date Created: 09/09/16
JOUR 301, Test 1 Study Guide  1450s – Johannos Gutenberg invents the movable type (printing press). The invention has been called the third revolution. The Gutenberg bible, known as the 42­line bible, was the first major book printed using mass­produced movable type. (Fellows pg 2)  Europes governmental control was not centralized because of the changes between King  Henry VIII, Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, and then King James I. Religion changed  constantly (Fellows pgs 6­7). During Queen Elizabeth’s reign, the Star Chamber was  established (Fellows pgs 7­8). CENSORSHIP.  William Caxton – publisher, printed what many believe to be the first book in English  (Fellows pg 5).  Corrantos – was printed in Amsterdam by George Veseler and Broer Jonson. Criticized  James I and prompted a prompt crackdown, name means current and put together in Latin (Fellows pg 7).    John Milton – wrote pamphlets attacking the Church of England and the ruling of Charles I (Fellows pg 8). Called for freedom of speech.  Thomas Hobbes and John Locke (pgs 9­10) – Both philosophers who had different views  concerning government. Hobbes wrote Leviathan (1651), he thought democracy is chaos, wanted and supported a strong central monarchy that could create order, could elect  leader but could not overthrow him afterwards. Locke thought that the people could elect  a leader but could also have the power to overthrow the leader if he is wrongful.   “Cato’s Letters” – written by John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon. Called for freedom of speech (Fellows pgs 10­11).  Early press in the colonies (CHAPTER 1) Word of mouth  leaflets and news sheets  Gov. John Winthrop (Fellows pg 16) – called democracy “the meanest and worst of all  forms of government.”  Roger Williams (Fellows pg 16) – wanted religious freedom and the separation of church  and state. Was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for expressing religious  opinion different form the official Puritan doctrine, established Rhode Island in 1636.  Cotton and Increase Mather (Fellows pgs 18­19) – Son and father who published  religious sermons and dominated religious publications, literature about the Salem Witch  Trials, fed hysteria, later helped to stop the murders over witchcraft, and helped establish  self­rule for the people.   Benjamin Harris (Fellows pgs 20­21) – wrote the first semblance to the newspaper in the  colonies, Publick Occurrences: Both Foreign and Domestic. Lasted only one issue  because he criticized French monarchy and the Native Americans.  John Campbell (Fellows pgs 21­22) – Had a more boring but long standing paper that  was authorized by the government, he did not rock the boat. First continuously published  newspaper in the country.   James Franklin (Fellows pgs 22­25) – Was incarcerated after taking on the Mather family about smallpox inoculation.  Ben Franklin (Fellows pgs 25­29) – took over his brother, James’, paper after he was  incarcerated. Know basically EVERYTHING about him because he did many important  things in his life: psydonyms, many newspapers, (look at the American Media Profile on  page 26 and 27).  William Bradford (Fellows pgs 29­30) – Gov. of Plymouth Colony, wrote Of Plymouth  Plantation.  John Peter Zenger (Fellows pgs 30­34, Muckraking pgs 305­306) – READ  EVERYTHING! Challenged Gov. Cosby, Andrew Hamilton was attorney, Truth should  be right, power of jury (mentioned in court) Case began the thoughts about truth and how it sits with seditious libel.   Role of women in journalism (Fellows pgs35­36) – They usually took over when their  husbands would die or get jailed.  (CHAPTER 2; Fellows pgs 40­42) Revolution thoughts spread through word of mouth in  taverns then through papers, Seven years war: British win but loses most of their  finances, Britain taxed colonies (Sugar and Stamp Taxes), angered publishers and  lawyers  Tories, Whigs, Patriots (Fellows pgs 43­53)  Samuel Adams (Fellows pgs 51­52) Patriot voice, “Master of the Puppets” , (VERY  IMPORTANT)  Thomas Paine (Muckraking pgs 264­269) – Patriot voice, “Common Sense” “Crisis”, cry  for independence, helped encourage soldiers to fight, helped America defeat Britain.  (VERY IMPORTANT)  James Rivington (Fellows pgs 44­46) – Tory voice  Hugh Gaine (Fellows pgs 46­48) – Tory voice  John Dickenson (Fellows pgs 48­50) – Whig voice, not revolutionary by nature but did  not like taxes affected consumer items.  Isaiah Thomas (Fellows pgs 50­51, Muckraking pg 261) – Patriot voice, started as a  Whig, The Massachusetts Spy, passionately called for a revolution but very accurate,  after war, continued to be a voice, center publication for revolutionary viewpoints,  detailed account of Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775), hang out at Green Dragon  Pub to discuss revolutionary ideas  Boston Tea Party (Fellows pg 56­57) – Protest tariffs on tea, (1773)  Declaration of Independence (Fellows pgs 58­59, Muckraking pg 266) – Written mostly  by Thomas Jefferson  Out of the revolution merges difference of editorial/feature stories and news stories  William Goddard (freedom of press conflicts)   (CHAPTER 3) 1781 – end of revolution with the Battle of Yorktown for eight years,  operated under the Articles of Confederation  1787 – U.S Constitution adopted, stronger unified country LOOK AT WEEK 3 NOTES FOR MORE DETAILS ON FEDERALISTS AND ANTI­ FEDERALISTS Two Party System Federalists ­ Led by Alexander Hamilton (wanted to protect property and commerce), articulated  Federalist cause in the “Federalist Papers” ­ First three terms of presidency is Federalist (George Washington then John Adams) ­ Alien and Sedition Acts enacted under Adams’ presidency, control French  immigration and cracked down on treasonous viewpoints of newspapers Anti­Federalists ­ Led by Thomas Jefferson who believed aristocracy would lead to dictatorship  ­ Wanted a true democracy ­ President after Adams ­ Jefferson wanted to get away of “British monarchy” like government  ­ Got rid of Alien and Sedition Acts  1791­ Bill of Rights (was an anti­federalist victory)


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