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CORNELL / Psychology / PSYCH 1101 / What is the difference between neuroscience and psychology?

What is the difference between neuroscience and psychology?

What is the difference between neuroscience and psychology?


School: Cornell University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: D pizarro
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology; the brain
Cost: 25
Name: September 2, 2016
Description: . Hope everyone has a good rest of their weekend!
Uploaded: 09/10/2016
2 Pages 57 Views 5 Unlocks

9/2/16: Psychological Science and the Brain

What is the difference between neuroscience and psychology?

I. Triangulation­ seeing what the consensus of evidence says about the phenomenon. A. Reliance on single methods yields limited ability to draw conclusion

B. Progress comes from looking across multiple levels of analysis using various methods

C. We learn through poking, prodding, measuring, and repeating over and over again (replication crisis)

II. A Science is Only as Good as its Methods

A. Dutton and Aron 1974: Emotions are physiological arousal and retribution about what's going on around you We also discuss several other topics like What are the two dominant alleles ?

B. Misattribution of emotions: mistake the arousal for feelings of attraction (use a low, high bridge, a woman would be at the end of the bridge and ask to call her when they finished)

1. Did not use random assignment

Why did it take so long for psychology to become a science?

2. Fundamental problem: one doesn’t know which type of arousal influence the likelihood that men were more likely to take risks would call the


3. Do not take everything at face value

III. Psychology and the Brain: Some Basic Assumptions

A. The brian is a natural phenomenon, and is therefore open to scientific investigation

B. The brain is the immediate cause of our thought, feelings, and behaviors 1. Therefore:

a) Psychology is open to scientific investigation

b) To understand psychology (at one level of analysis, at least) we

ought to understand the brain

C. Sidenote: The difference between neuroscience and psychology

1. Neuroscience IS the study of the brain

Why is it so difficult to shape dualism?

2. Psychology IS the study of the mind

3. Psychologist seek understanding  of how the brain works as a way to If you want to learn more check out What is luminosity?

inform the working of the mind

4. Cognitive neuroscience, Social neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience,

Affective Neuroscience

5. Important to note that many questions in psychology are not adequately answered at the level of analysis of the brain

IV. Why did it take so long for psychology to become a science?

A. It is very difficult to come to terms with the belief that we (our hopes, dreams, thoughts and feelings, desires,etc) are the result

B. Astonishing Hypothesis­ we are just a natural phenomenon that it is astonishing 1. We are no more than the behavior of a vast assembly of nerve cells and their associated molecules ­ Francis Crick

C. Dualsim ­ while bodies are physical, mids and immaterial

1. The brain is different from the body ­ Renee Descartes (1596­1650)

2. Physical and mind stuff are different using possessive nouns, we possess our own bodies  ­Paul Bloom

D. Why is it so difficult to shape dualism

1. We naturally use dualistic language

2. Intuitions about personal identity

3. Body swapping is not hard to understand

4. Nor are multiple identities in one body

5. Belief in intelligent entities without bodies

V. But Dualism Gets in the way of our scientific understanding

A. Problematic view to defend

B. We are aware of physical things are capable of doing Don't forget about the age old question of What is a fake treatment given to the control group to mimic the experience of the experimental group?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the use of parsimony?

C. It is more obvious than ever that our minds are linked to our brains in a necessary way

VI. A fundamental resistance to notion that the brain and the mind work together VII. How does the brain work?

A. The brain cells send chemical signals through axons coated in myelin sheaths  to the axon terminals

B. 86 billions neurons in your head

C. Different neurons ( sensory, motor, interneurons)

1. Afferent neurons (sensory)

2. Efferent neurons (motor) Don't forget about the age old question of What is photoelectric effect?
Don't forget about the age old question of Who is lewis henry morgan?

D. Intensity: expressed through number of neurons firing and frequency of firing VIII. Neurons

A. Communication over synapses and axons release neurotransmitters

1. Excitatory

2. Inhibitory

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