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Art Exam Chapters 1-4

by: Natalie Land

Art Exam Chapters 1-4 Art 101

Natalie Land
GPA 4.0

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Detailed book and class notes for our exam!
Introduction to Drawing
Study Guide
Art, Art101, drawing, Introduction
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Natalie Land on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Art 101 at University of Miami taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Drawing in Arts and Humanities at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 09/10/16
Chapter  1  Book  Notes     •   Getting  Started     o   Most  important  components  of  drawing  process     §   Sensitivity  to  touch  of  drawing  tool   §   Ability  to  notice  changes  in  the  marks     o   Carpe  diem:  sieze  the  day,  active  and  purposeful  participation  when  drawing     §   Zen:  fresh  direct  seeing     §   Active  and  engaged     o   First  level  of  content  in  drawing  is  the  nark  themselves     o   Healthy  cells  react  to  stimulation  and  neurotic  do  not     o   Lines  from  light  to  dark  and  heavy  to  slim  is  like  changes  on  someone’s  vital  signs     o   Drawing:  viewer  reconstitutes  a  real  time  experience     o   Visual  simulation  can  effect  the  mind  or  soma  (body)   o   Fakirs:  Indian  monks:  can  cause  fluctuation  in  body  parts  through  visual  imaging     o   Kinesthesia:  perception  of  body  position  and  movement  and  muscular  tensions     o   Line:  most  direct  visual  tool  from  triggering  sensation     Chapter  2  Book  Notes     •   Restrict  materials  you  use     •   Charcoal:  oldest  drawing  medium   o   Stick  charcoal:  dry  carbon  that  remains  after  wood  is  burned:  dry,  crumbly   material     §   Leaves  marks  easily,  comes  off  easily     §   Line  charcoal:  highest  grade  of     •   Thin  sticks  smooth  texture     o   Compressed  charcoal:  versatile  from  ground  charcoal  mixed  with  clay  and  binder   to  hold  it  together     o   Graphite:  discovered  in  England     §   Was  a  type  of  lead     §   Mixed  with  a  lot  of  clay  to  create  different  degrees  of  hardness     §   Comes  in  solid  unwrapped  or  rectangular     o   Conte  crayons:  pigment  and  gum  binder  paste  into  small  sticks     §   Black,  white,  gray,  redish,  orangish     o   Paper:  comes  in  different  weights,  sizes,  surfaces,     §   Made  from  cellulose  fibers,  cotton  or  wood     §   Rag  paper:  cotton  fibers,  most  permament  paper,  when  used  with  non   acidic  tools     o   News  print:  least  expensive  paper  made  from  untreated  wood     o   Weight  of  paper:  measured  weight  of  500  17*22  inch  sheets     o   Surface  of  paper:  very  smooth  to  super  rough   §   Tooth;  surface  feel  of  paper:  more  tooth:  rougher     o   Cold  pressed  papers:  most  common:  moderate  surface  texture     o   Hot  pressed:  hard  and  smooth:  good  for  work  with  pen   o   Bond  paper:  writing  and  inkjet  paper:  vary  in  weight  and  rag  content  and  surface     o   Bristol  paper:  bonding  together  two  or  more  sheets  of  single  ply  paper  made   from  rag  or  wood  pulp     o   Charcoal  paper:  pronounced  tooth  designed  for  soft  charcoal,  pastel,  crayon,   chalk   th •   Erasers:  became  popular  18  century     o   Ingredients  include  rubber,  vinyl,  pumice,  and  fractice     §   Fractice:  vulcanized  oil  that  gives  erasers  capacity  to  crumble     o   Kneaded:  well  with  charcoal  and  news  print  absorbs  charcoal  residue     o   Not  good  for  large  areas     o   Easily  shaped     o   Art  gum:  soft  coarse  rubber,  gentle  on  surface     §   Large  areas  of  charcoal     §   Crumble  as  they  are  used     •   Chapter  3:  Drawing  Mechanics  Book  Notes     o   Drawing:  physical  activity  that’s  a  lot  like  dancing:  expression  of  energy     o   Standing  at  an  easel  while  drawing  is  best  position   o   Fresh  eye:  change  of  relative  position   §   Moving  back  and  away  from  drawing     o   Draw  from  a  fixed  position:  surface  at  a  ninety-­‐degree  angle  to  your  line  of  sight     •   Chapter  4  Book  Notes     o   Intuitive  gesture     §   Drawing  from  observation   §   Don’t  think  about  what  you  see     §   If  you  think  you  are  using  the  preconceived  ideas  which  become  stronger   than  what  you  see.     o   Conceptual  drawing     §   General  ideas  associated  with  the  object  inront     §   So  a  coffee  mug  we  think  and  draw  just  the  basics     §   Most  basic  understanding     o   Concept:  general  idea  derived  or  inferred  from  specific  instances  or  occurrences     o   Percept:  a  mental  impression  of  something  perceived  by  the  senses     o   Perceptual  drawing:  records  information  directly  from  our  observations     o   Damaged  hybrid:  rational  preconceived  notion  mixed  with  intuitive  spatial   perception   §   Lack  consistency     §   Substitute  intuitive  nonverbal  information  to  information  processing     §   Intuition:  the  act  or  faculty  of  knowing  or  sensing  without  the  use  of   rational  processes:  an  impression   §   Begin  drawing  with  intuitive  gesture     •   Quick  overview  of  the  wholeness  of  forms  and  relationships  in   space     •   Nonlinear,  non  specific     •   Big  picture     §   At  the  beginning:  size  and  lacement  of  the  spaces  occupied  (positive   space)  negative  space  is  the  ones  not  occupied     §   Gesture  drawings:  flexible,  spontaneous     §   Light  touch  with  drawing  tools     •   Chapter  Five:  Book  Notes     o   Parallel  lines  in  real  life  converge  in  a  drawing     o   Straight  edge  clock  angle  tool   §   Use  a  clock  on  an  edge  to  see  angle     §   Perpendicular  line  of  site     §   Obtuse:  more  than  ninety  degree  angle  less  than  180  degrees     §   Oblique:  neither  perpendicular  nor  parallel     §   Outline:  mechanical,  unchanging  line  on  a  flat  shape     §   Contour:  changing  line  representing  out  edge  of  3d  object     •   Chapter  6:     o   Closure:  diverse  elements  join  together     o   Gestalt:  focusing  on  mechanism  by  means  of  which  a  subject  responds  to  totally   of  image     •   Proportion   o   Ratio/  size  relation   §   Things  have  absolute  size  until  they  are  in  space     §   Give  estimates  in  drawing     o   Proportion  is  relative     o   Bottle  is  farther  or  closer     §   Same  bottle  same  proportion  but  might  look  bigger  the  closer  it  is     o   Farther  away  means  higher  up  on  the  picture     •    


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