New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chemistry 177 Exam 1 STUDY GUIDE

by: Megan Spiegel

Chemistry 177 Exam 1 STUDY GUIDE Chem 177

Marketplace > Iowa State University > Chemsitry > Chem 177 > Chemistry 177 Exam 1 STUDY GUIDE
Megan Spiegel
GPA 3.85

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chemistry 177 Exam 1 will be over Chapters 1, 2 and 3.5 The study guide has all of the corresponding information and key topics for the exam as well as some examples. Good luck on the exam and ...
General Chemistry I
Dr. Anderson
Study Guide
General Chemistry, Exam 1, empirical formula, Stoicheometry, Chemistry
50 ?




Popular in General Chemistry I

Popular in Chemsitry

This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Spiegel on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Chem 177 at Iowa State University taught by Dr. Anderson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 257 views. For similar materials see General Chemistry I in Chemsitry at Iowa State University.


Reviews for Chemistry 177 Exam 1 STUDY GUIDE


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/10/16
Chem 177 Exam 1@ 6 ​ :45pm Tuesday Sept. 13  Chapter 1 ­ Chapter 3.5   25 Multiple Choice Questions  3 Calculations (show all of your work for full credit/partial credit)     Chapter 1: Introduction to Matter and Measurements   What is Chemistry?​ ­ the study of the properties and behavior of matter.  What is Matter?­ ​  anything that has mass and takes up space.   Methods of Classification  What are the 4 states of matter?­   1. Gas   2. Solid   3. Liquid   4. Plasma   What are the 2 different types of mixtures? Define each. ​   ­ Heterogenous Mixture:​ n ​ ot uniform throughout  ­ Homogenous Mixture:​ uniform throughout   What is a substance?​­​ some state of matter that has distinct properties and composition that  does not change between samples.  Define the Law of Constant Composition:  ​ ​also known as the Law of Definite Proportions;  states that all samples of a given chemical compound must have the same elemental  composition by mass.   Properties & Changes   What are the 4 types of properties? Define each. ​    ­ Physical:​ ​changes that can be observed without altering the substance   ­ Chemical:​ changes that are made when a substance is altered   ­ Intensive:​ observations independent of the amount of substance there is   ­ Extensive:​ observations that are dependent on the amount of substance there is   Segregating Mixtures   What are the 3 ways you can segregate mixtures?  1. Filtration​­ solids being separated from liquids   2. Distillation​­ utilizes the differences in boiling points between elements to separate  homogenous mixtures   3. Chromatology­​ separates substances on the basis of adhering to solid surfaces   Measurements   Dimensional Analysis:                   Number in Chemistry  What are Exact Numbers?​­ counted numbers and always given by definition  e.g. 12 eggs in 1 dozen   What are Inexact Numbers?­ ​  A measured number that usually depends on how the number  was determined   Accuracy and Precision   What is Accuracy?​­​ refers to the proximity of a measurement to the true value   What is Precision?​­ refers to the proximity of many measurements to each other                                             Significant Figures   What are SigFigs?​­ refers to measured digits and help not to overstate accuracy       Chapter 2: Atomic Theory of Matter   How many Postulates did John Dalton have and what were they?­   He had 5 Postulates and they were:   1. Elements are composed of atoms   2. Atoms of one element are the same; atoms of two different elements are different   3. Atoms are not changed in chemical reactions   4. Atoms are neither created nor destroyed; they always were   5. Compounds that are the same have the same ratio of atoms   Define the Law of Conservation of Mass­  ​ the total mass of substances present at the end of a  chemical reaction is always the same amount of mass that it was at the beginning of the  reaction   Define the Law of Multiple Proportions­ w ​ hen combining elements weights the ratio will  always be that of a small whole number.   What are the 3 Subatomic Particles?­   1. Protons   2. Neutrons   3. Electrons   What are the 3 types of radioactivity?­   1. Alpha   2. Gamma   3. Beta   Periodic Table   Elements­                         What is an Isotope?​­ atoms that have the same element with different masses   What are the rows of a periodic table?​­ “periods”   What are the columns of a periodic table?­​ “groups”   What are the 7 elemental groups?­   1. Alkali Metals   2. Alkaline Earth Metals   3. Transition Metals   4. Metalloids   5. Nonmetals   6. Halogens   7. Noble Gasses   What are the 7 Diatomic Molecules?­   1. Oxygen   2. Hydrogen   3. Nitrogen   4. Fluorine   5. Iodine   6. Chlorine   7. Bromine   Types of Formulas   What are the 4 types of formulas?­   1. Molecular   2. Empirical   3. Structural   4. Perspective Drawing   Ions   What is a cation?­​ an element that loses an electron   What is an anion?­ ​  an element that gains an electron   What are the 11 Cations?­   1. Hydrogen   2. Sodium   3. Potassium   4. Ammonium   5. Silver   6. Calcium   7. Iron(II)  8. Copper   9. Lead   10. Iron(III)  11. Aluminum   What are the 9 Anions?­  1. Hydroxide   2. Chloride   3. Nitrate   4. Acetate   5. Bicarbonate   6. Sulfide   7. Oxide   8. Sulfate   9. Carbonate   The Criss Cross Method­     Commit the following to memory­   1. ClO2­ = Chlorite  2. ClO4­ = Perchlorate   3. ClO3­ = Chlorate   4. ClO­ = Hypochlorite     Nomenclature  Nomenclature Flowchart                   Binary Ionic  Binary  Ternary  Binary  Ternary Acids  Checklist   Molecul Ionic  Acids  Checklist   ar  Checklis Checklis Checklis t   t   t   1. Name the metal  1. Name  1. Name  1. All start  1. Skip the hydrogen   the first  the Metal   with  element  “hydro­”  2. Use Roman  2. Use  2. Use  2. Name  2. Name the  Numeral if the  prefix to  Roman  the  polyatomic ion  metal has a  show the  Numerals if  nonmetal   variable oxidation  number of  metal has  number  atoms  a variable  present in  Oxidation  the first  Number  element   3. Name the  3. Name  Example:  3. Change  3. Change endings  nonmetal.  the second  Cu(NO​ )​3​ 2 the ending  from:   element   Copper (II)  to “­ic”  “­ate” to “­ic”   Nitrite   “­ite” to “­ous”   Hint­ No  Roman  Numerals  needed if  the metal is  Group 1/IA  or Group  2/IA  4. Change the  4. Repeat    4. Add the  4. Add the word  ending of the  step  word acid   “Acid”   nonmetal to “­ide”   number 2   Example:  ​ LiF   5. Change  Example:  Example:   Lithium Fluoride  the ending  HF  CO​  (Carbon​ate​)   3​ Hint ­ No roman  of the  Hydrofluori H​2​O​3 ​arbon​ic  numerals needed if  second  c Acid   Acid)   the metal is a  element to  Group 1/IA (1+) or  “­ide”  Group 2/IIA (2+)     Example:    N​2​​5  Di​nitrogen  (2)  Pent​oxide  (5)   Hint­ Do  not use  the prefix  “mono” on  the first  element      Chapter 3: Stoichiometry   What is Stoichiometry?​­ the study of mass relationships in chemistry   Reactions  What are the 3 types of reactions?­   1. Combustion  2. Decomposition   3. Combinations   Mass   What is Formula Weight?​­ the sum of atomic weight for the atoms in a chemical formula             What is Percent Composition?­     What is Avogadro's Number?­  ​ ​ ​6.02 • 10​  = 1 mole   What is Molar Mass?​­ a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance divided by  the amount of total substance   How to determine empirical formulas?­    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.