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Intro to Microbiology and History, week 1

by: Jennifer Notetaker

Intro to Microbiology and History, week 1 Microbiology A240

Marketplace > University of Alaska Anchorage > Biology > Microbiology A240 > Intro to Microbiology and History week 1
Jennifer Notetaker

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These notes encompass material that will be on our first exam
Introduction to Microbiology for Health Sciences
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This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jennifer Notetaker on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Microbiology A240 at University of Alaska Anchorage taught by Anthony in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Microbiology for Health Sciences in Biology at University of Alaska Anchorage.

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Date Created: 09/10/16
Intro and History of Microbiology Study online at 1. Aseptic Procedures that prevent contamination by 17.Lister (1867) Proposed aseptic surgical techniques to Technique unwanted microorganism reduce sepsis (wound infection) following surgery. He was the first to use phenol 2. Avery, They were determined that DNA was the McLeod, and genetic material in a cell (carbolic acid) as a disinfectant. McCarty 18.Metchnikoff Documented observations of phagocytosis (1944) (1884) of bacteria by white blood cells, thus establishing the beginning of the study of 3. Barbara Discovered that tiny fragments of DNA can the mechanisms involved in immunity McClintock move from one area of DNA molecule to other (1983) areas. Fragments were named Transposons. 19.Pasteur (1860's) ... 4. Biogenesis Living cells arise from only preexisting living 20.Pasteur (1882) accredited to early studies in immunology cells 21.Pasteurization Heating a substance enough to kill most of 5. Chemotherapy Any type of chemicals used to treat disease the bacteria that causes spoilage 6. Ehrilich First to discover a chemotherapeutic drug. It 22.Paul Berg (late Created the first recombinant DNA using (1910) was a compound containing arsenic, called 1960's) animal or human DNA inserted into bacterial salvarsan. It was synthetic drug capable of DNA. He is associated with gene splicing. destroying the causative agent of syphilis. 23.Rebecca Classification of streptococci according to 7. Ehrlich Demonstrated observations of non-cellular Lancefield variations in their cell walls known as (1890's) form of immunity which is called chemical or (1933) serotypes. Rapid identification tests for humoral immunity. This laid the groundwork for strep are based on her work. the discovery of antibodies 24.Spontaneous The idea that some forms of life could arise 8. Fermentation The process of using microorganisms called Generation spontaneously from nonliving matter yeasts to convert the sugars to alcohol in the 25.Stanley (1935) Using tobacco mosaic virus, he showed this absence of air microorganism to be different from known 9. Fleming Discovered first natural antibiotic (produced types. He began the study of viral structure (1929) by microorganism) which is penicillin and chemistry. 10.Germ Theory The idea that microorganisms might cause 26.Summelwies Discovered that medical students and disease (1847) doctors where not washing their hands between medical procedures and where 11.Golden Age of 1857-1914 spreading puerperal fever. The rate of Microbiology infection at his hospital was 13-18%. By 12.Hooke (1665) Robert Hooke was an Englishman credited instituting hand washing procedures, this with the first observations of what he rate dropped to less then 2% described as "cells". This discovery led to the 27.Watson and Created a model of the physical structure of "cell theory" Crick (1953) DNA and proposed its method of replication. 13.Iwanowski First to publish evidence of nonfilterable -Believed that they stole Rosalind Frank's (1892) pathogens called viruses (which means research and work poison in Russian) 28.What roles do Role in digestion, synthesis of some 14.Jenner (1798) Credited to being the first to use inoculations microorganisms vitamins used in food production,breakdown when he inoculated infectious cowpox play in the lives particles in soil, used in vaccines, vitamins (vaccinia) with an eight year old of humans, the and useful for our immunology. 15.Koch (1880's) Formulated a series of experimental steps planet? that could demonstrate the relationship of an 29.Who helped Francesco Redi, Pasteur organism to a disease. (Koch's postulates are disprove still used today) spontaneous 1. microorganisms are isolated from a disease generation? or dead animal 2. The microbes are grown in pure culture 3. Microbes are inoculated into a healthy lab animal 4. The microbes are isolated from this animal and grown in pure culture. Microbes are identified and the result should be the same. 16.Leeuwenhoek Was the first to record microscopic (1632-1723) observations of protozoa and bacteria


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