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Study Guide Test 1

by: Michelle Le

Study Guide Test 1 Bio 105

Michelle Le

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About this Document

Study guide for test 1 in environmental bio. Mostly made up of key terms all from module 1 and other important to know.
Environmental biology
Elizabeth Thomas
Study Guide
Pollution, climate, climate change, ozone, ecosystem, Co2
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michelle Le on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 105 at West Virginia University taught by Elizabeth Thomas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Environmental biology in Biology at West Virginia University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Study Guide Module 1 test Environmental Bio Key Terms with Definitions/terms to know  Red is terms to know without explainable definition ­Pollution Pollution­Introducing a harmful or poisonous chemical or substance to an environment Loss of Biodiversity­ Loss in number of certain or different species in an environment Point Source Pollution: A specific point or area where the pollution can be discovered or easily  traced.  Non­Point Source Pollution: A source of pollution that can’t be directly sourced like  cars/trucks, etc Dilution­ The process of diluting a liquid and or making the liquid weaker in some way Biomagnification­ the process when a pollutant compound of toxins inside an organism and or  plant widely disburses out Ecological Demand­ The concerns in relation to the living organisms and the area surround  them. Use of the supply and or resources plus the demands in the evenly disbursed. Ecological Footprint­ The numbers of earth it would require for people to live if the people  lived like you in that particular area ­Global Change Biodiversity­The variety of different species and or life in a particular area and or ecosystem Nutrient Recycling­ Decomposing matter into nutrients ­Water and Air Purification ­Non and renewable resources ­ Greenhouse Effect­ Solar radiation from the sun being transmitted into the Earth with  radiative negative forces cooling the earth while positive radiative forces warming the earth Greenhouse Gases: Nitrous oxide, water vapor, carbon dioxide, oxygen, CFC’s, HFC’s, CFC’s replacement, ozone and CH8 Albedo­ The amount of light a particular area reflects so low albedo is positive while high  albedo is negative so relating to the greenhouse effect Earth’s atmosphere Stratosphere­ The layer of the earth’s atmosphere above the troposphere where ozone depletion  happens and is very cold. Troposphere­ The layer of the earth’s atmosphere that’s located on the very bottom and it’s very hot. Respiration­ Decomposition; The process involving living organisms with the production of  energy and will usually involve the intake of oxygen with the release of carbon dioxide Carbon Cycle: Co2PhotosynthesisOrganic Carbon/Decaying of organismsDead organisms  and waste productsRoot RespirationCo2 ­Photosynthesis Root respiration­The production of carbon dioxide has respired and or photosynthesis is halting  due to the production of carbon dioxide. GDP=Gross domestic product and it factors in the average income in that particular country Per Capita­ What is for each individual in relation to what is taken from each individual person  in that particular country Ocean Acidification­ The decrease in PH levels of an ocean that causes the rise in Co2 and isn’t  caused by climate change. ­Ozone Ozone Hole­Happens in the Stratosphere Carbon sequestration­The process in which carbon can be captured and once captured will turn into a solid and or liquid form Chlorofluorocarbons(CFC’s)­it’s the main substance that causes ozone depletion. CFC’s are a  class of these compounds carbon, hydrogen, chlorine, and fluorine. 1987 Montreal Protocol­110 countries signing and 197 eventually joined to banned CFC’s and  ozone depleting substances in relation to CFC’s. ­Evolution ­Species Richness Other key information to know ­Pollution Major of types of pollution: Heat, noise, light, chemical, biological ­Water and air pollution are types of pollution yet not considered to be major in effect with the  population of living things ­Indirect in discharge into the water can include runoffs (Non­point Pollution) ­Direct Discharge into the water can include dumping toxins ­Chemical Reactions can cause pollution issues ­Main of goal of the Ecological Footprint is to reuse and have less of a need for materialist stuff ­Earth’s Atmosphere ­Increased Greenhouse gases will cause a positive radiative force so the average temperatures  will increase seen on the surface so there is an enhanced Greenhouse Effect. ­44% of Co2 is stored in the atmosphere while 26% is stored in the ocean and 30% on land. ­Climate change is a long term change within the averages of the conditions.  ­Climate variation is a shorter term in a change and is a like a cycle in conditions. ­Global Warming causes an increase in temperatures ­Ozone  ­Energy saving ideas include decreasing population, decreasing the use of cars, the use of solar  panels and wind power. ­ Every year during the spring the ozone hole causes the ozone depletion that happens all  throughout the world and it’s the worst in Antarctica during October because direct correlation to UV lights ­UV Radiation Effects ­Human exposure can cause skin cancer ­Plants can have an alter in growth and have disease resistance ­Phytoplankton will have a reduction in productivity towards primary producers ­Amphibians that have exposed eggs can lead to deformations and or birth defects.


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