psych notes bundle
psych notes bundle psyc 2101-001
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ymani Brewer on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to psyc 2101-001 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Dr. Jane Gaultney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see research methods in Psychology (PSYC) at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter 3 Qualitative Research Qualitative Verbal, Descriptive Used by many social sciences Example: Do single moms on welfare want to get a job? Takes information and reduce it to a theme Qualitative Quantitative End Product Descriptions Numbers Participants Selected Representative sample Role of researcher Takes active role Tries not to influence outcome Focus Holistic Reductionist Purpose Explore Test Specific Hypothesis Qualitative Can capture information quantitative designs miss Why did it happen? Did a program work or was it well received? Relevance Impact Unintended Effects? Allow diverse answers; can change in midstream Examples of qualitative designs** used in social sciences Observational Naturalistic (facilitate natural behavior) Ex. Schizophrenia Participants (learn from being an insider; insider perspective) Case study Phineas Gage (Iron rod through head & lived; drastic personality change Brain & Memory **These may be used for qualitative/quantitative research; depends on type of data collected Focus Groups Explore new ideas Find out what people really think Can be used for brainstorming or reaching consensus Quick & relatively cheap The Big Picture: Grounded Theory Summary Ecologically valid methodology (reflective of what people actually do/think) Exploratory Emergent May overlap with other social sciences Study of people or other species or even nonliving things, events, programs Stories (e.g. personal memories) Artifacts (e.g. characteristic of Amish dolls) History (e.g. historical roots of contemporary armed conflicts) Symbols (e.g. historical uses of the swastika symbol) Events (e.g. how Woodstock changed US culture) Programs (e.g. neighborhood watch groups) Music (e.g. characteristics of early rock & roll) Chapter 4: Nonexperimental Methods True Experiments… 1. Can examine cause & effect 2. Manipulate one or more independent variables & has one or more dependent variables 3. Randomly assign participants to groups Descriptive Studies Reasons to conduct descriptive studies o Identify areas for more research o Needs assessment o General info Doesn’t involve comparisons, predictions, conclusions, cause, etc. Could report means, courts, medians, measures of dispersion, and sample sizes May use the same tools as qualitative, but end product is numeric. The type of research is defined by the nature of the data collected Tools of nonexperimental research Observational/ quantitative outcome Think about o Reactance o Sampling Schedule (across time & situation) o Interrater Reliability o Case studies o Archival Data using data that has already been collected Ex post facto design o Similar to experiment, but no random assignment to groups; therefore, non experimental Independent variable is a participant’s characteristics o Men vs. Women o Older vs. Younger o Sleep deprived vs. Not sleep Deprived
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