HIST 1103 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE
HIST 1103 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE HIST 1103
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1103 at Oklahoma State University taught by Professor Prince in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 110 views.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
HIST 1103 IDENTIFICATION LIST EXAM 1, 15851815 DISCLAIMER: THIS STUDY GUIDE SHOULD BE USED TO AID IN YOUR INDIVIDUAL STUDYING. THIS IS IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR FOR THE EXAM. Explore the following themes: Who, When, Where, Why, What, and Significance to each term. 1. Roanoke Sir Walter Raleigh In 1585, colony was established in Virginia England is having a rough time and received a land grant in the new world and named Virginia after virgin queen Colony was supplied by ships and when the ships stop supplying, the colony almost starves to death and was abandoned in 1586 Roanoke was colonized again in 1587 and when England goes to war with Spain, colony is not supplied again and in 1590 the colony was deserted again The only sign left after desertion was the word Croatoan was carved into a tree which is the only clue as to the reason for desertion Roanoke is known as the Lost Colony in North Carolina While all of this is going on; Spain continues to ship large loads of wealth back to home country The same mistakes were made which led to abandonment twice. 2. Virginia England is having a rough time and received a land grant in the new world and named Virginia after virgin queen. 3. Massachusetts Virginia is for profit but Massachusetts is to escape religious upheavallanded in the wrong place Pilgrims are separatistsmore religious than anyone else and those thrown out of England Puritans seek to purify English Church (believed it was corrupt) Pilgrims land in the wrong spot and the colony would become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony better climate in Massachusetts, not a swamp so people live longer New England said to invent term “grandparent” before this time, people didn’t live long enough to be grandparents conformity was expected Roger Williams advocated for separation between church and state and when kicked out of Massachusetts; he finds Rhode Island Ann Hutchinson also was banished for believing that anyone could talk to God and preach When Ann died, Puritans used her death as a proof that she was wrong and was killed because of beliefs 4. Maryland founded as refuge for Catholics, named after Queen Mary land grant given to Cecilius, the second Lord Baltimore to establish catholic colony in Chesapeake region founded as almost feudal colony, most settlers never followed assigned social roles colony drew both protestants and Catholics who hated each other England undergoes civil war in the 1640s and becomes a republic they feared the colony would be lost from 16441646, Puritans took over and repealed the “Act Concerning Religions”, toleration of all Christians, and tried to oust the Catholics by 1670s, tobacco spread and the colony became economically driven instead of religiously 5. Puritans very strict and close knit group lives in fear that someone doesn’t have their same values they create a shining beacon for the rest of the world society itself is extremely religious ONLY wanted religious freedom for themselves Rhode Island becomes the place for those who get kicked out of Massachusetts church is preeminent part of town; everyone goes to church first generation is really religious each later generation is less and less religious Puritans were not good at adapting to changing times 6. King Phillip’s War King Philip’s War 16751678. The Wampanoag leader Metacomet (King Philip) rebelled against New England. 7. Triangle Trade continuous cycle all are interrelated goods, production of goods, and slaves all work interdependently two versions 1. The Americans use slaves to make goods to send back to England which are then shipped to Africa where more slaves are gathered and repeats 2. Colonial version is slaves are taken from Africa to the south and island colonies to farm cotton and sugar, these materials are made into textiles and rum in New England where they are then sold to England or Africa 8. Albany Plan if the colonies organize it will challenge the crown colonies are very much independent from each other this possible unification is a partial reason for the colonial wars idea that maybe the colonies should unifyBenjamin Franklin the plan failed the British government does not want one super colony legislators did not want to give up power 9. French and Indian War George Washington starts the French and Indian War by killing French Ambassador while Washington is surveying, the French send and Ambassador and when Washington sees the party, he wounds and kills the Ambassador Washington surrenders Fort Necessity and signs a document thinking it is noble warfare in actuality, the document says that he was ordered by British government to kill French Ambassador 17561763 French and Indian Warmost important the French and Indian War (17541760) directly leads to the American Revolution the reason this war is more important is because it started in North America the dates (17561763) are known as the Seven Years War 10. Parliamentary Sovereignty we don’t like to pay King George III does not want to acknowledge demands of coloniststhey are subjects parliamentary sovereigntyall stems from ParliamentBritish said it was always supreme authority British view Parliament as supreme in constitution and in 16888 argued that it had supreme authority on taxation 11. Intolerable Acts in 1774 the Coercive acts were passed, (aka Intolerable acts in Massachusetts) which led to the closure of the Port of Boston, troops be quartered in Boston, assemblies are restricted and British officials accused of any crimes are not moved and tried in Britain in response to this, colonists begin to unify and committees of correspondence begin springing up September 1774, the first continental congress convened and congress created an association whereby all colonies sought to stop trade with Britain until all the acts were repealed 12. Boston Tea Party Bostonians dressed at Indians but fooled no one Britain’s goal is to create a debtor’s prison the Boston port is closed even though this port makes money quartering troopscolonists provide for them without reimbursement our response to quartering is later included to Bill of Rights (we remember quartering) British officials are moved to Britain if accused of a crime and trial is held in Britain events keep piling on 13. Boston Massacre confrontations between British and colonists increased March 5, 1770, colonists harass colonist and became a threatening mob Americans are so angry that colonists attack and urge British to shoot 5 people killed and numerous wounded this shows the colonies drifting soldiers were tried and defended by a lawyer, John Adams. They were found not guilty, which all but destroyed his career and in turn further inflamed tensions 14. Lexington and Concord have to go through Lexington april 19, 1775, militia form on village green in order to block the passage of the British someone fires a shot and the first battle of the American war of independence began militia’s plan is to form out of the way as a sign of protest 8 Americans are killed at Lexington and in fighting on the road to Concord and back; more are killed militia disperses to warn surrounding colonies about 250 British are killed or wounded not a good enough number for Americans killed 15. Saratoga 1777 is the year the war turns this is the first victory without the use of alcohol main battle and British commander Burgoyne chooses to see mistress and is caught and required to surrender 5800 men on October 17, 1777 this is a massive blow to the British presence in the region and a direct result in a lack of British cooperation this now shows the world that the U.S. can win the war twofold importance British believe by now that the Americans will lose so they are cocky it also shows the world that the Americans can actually beat the British this battle leads directly to treaty with France no united states without the French 16. Articles of Confederation adopted in 1777 this is the first true government of the U.S. but it has a weak central government there is no executive branch at this point taxation was under review not ratified until 1781 done to ensure the new government could not be tyrannical we don’t know if we’ll win but we might survive the articles of confederation suck at this time one house legislature no taxation; determined by states how is the army funded?, bridges built, etc. this does not work 17. Yorktown after numerous victories, by Oct 1781, American and French troops block Cornwall’s troops and the French navy cuts off their escape Oct 19,1781, Cornwallis surrenders over 7,000 British troops this was the last major battle of the war and effectively ends fighting on the continent one of the most important battles of the war completely onesided; the British have no way to win (stuck in Yorktown) British are outnumbered, out of supplies and can’t go anywhere should know date of British surrender British realize there is no point in continuing after this and decide to divert attention French tries to surrender to French commander whom directs the British officer to surrender to Washington (he knew the historical impact) British commander cannot understand how peasants could beat the best army in the world 18. Treaty of Paris (1783) signed Sept 3, 1783 guaranteed independence of the U.S> granted the U.S. territory east of the Mississippi river congress agreed to restore property of loyalists ousted during the war and collect British debts this marks the US becoming a world power treaty doubles size of United States we now have a nation but it comes with a price we have a lot of work to go the treaty says the US will pay British and when they can’t, British refuses to evacuate troops from the northwest territory and the American government cannot drive them out 19. Annapolis Convention group of nationalists want to meet in 1786 to find ways to strengthen the Articles of Confederation the only delegates from five states attended, so the convention did not meet quorum recommended to congress to call an assembly in Philadelphia in 1787 to address the problems of articles showed the rise of nationalists like James Madison who would dominate the drafting of the constitution no one was thinking about what we do if we actually win land ordinances in the Articles of Confederation was actually useful in a couple of years, slavery was not allowed in northwest states where land ordinances were to be Articles of Confederation were not up to the task of ending slavery and disputes between northern and southern states and their sides recommend Congress to have an assembly to address problems of the articles (strengthen) 20. Shay’s Rebellion in 1786, in response to imprisonment of debtors, rising inflation and problems of poor farmers, he rebels in Massachusetts lasted 6 months and the hope is to prevent trials and imprisonment for debts many of the “shaysites” were former members of the continental army believed that inflation and the actions of Massachusetts governor contravened principles of the revolution old continental army officer but didn’t like what was going on in home state of Mass. debtors prison is not feasible so Shays rebels we need a more permanent framework there is no army to put down rebellion or anything that the federal government can do to stop it up until the 2 world war we had one of the smallest armies nd the smaller is less threatening and won’t be send and today we are the 2 largest the federal government cannot stop it and Mass. Is on its own the Massachusetts militia eventually crush shays rebellion without much bloodshed but social tensions continue the inability of the federal government to combat the rebellion, as well as problems of the Massachusetts militia, give impetus to the convention that meets in Philadelphia in 1787 to change the articles people in congress become alarmed militia crushes Shays rebellion social challenges are still there and debt is still owed this convinces congress that the Anapolis convention is a good idea and the Articles need to be strengthen 21. Quasi War treaty saying they wouldn’t go to war but Britain gets everything they want French privateers begin attacking American ships to stop trade (undeclared naval war) there is fighting but no declaration of war Adams chooses to engage but stopping before a outright war this creates the modern day navy French Revolution continues to escalate 22. Revolution of 1800 Chief Justice John Marshall makes the Supreme court the most powerful The Election of 1800 was described as a revolution this is the first peaceful transition of power in the U.S. –no violence from one political party to another 23. Louisiana Purchase dealing with the expansion of the US cheaper and faster to ship something from Pennsylvania down the Mississippi and then to New York we wanted to buy New Orleans but Napoleon does too we ask French to buy New Orleans for 10 million and they offer the whole thing for 15 million Napoleon just says its great; no sizes, etc. Jefferson is a constructionist that if it isn’t in the constitution he can’t do it this doubles the size of the U.S. it is too good to pass up and we don’t have time to do anything so Jefferson agrees we pay the money and buy Louisiana Louisiana government bill, we change it to say it is English speaking settlements we go to find out what’s actually there in 1803 Jefferson sent commissioners to buy New Orleans from France in the hopes to use it as a port 24. Lewis and Clark this is the first time the US explores the western frontiers we want a trade route to pacific this is called the Northwest Passage reach the pacific in December 1804 and return Sept 1805 most significant is how in touch people were with the US capabilities by 1853 the whole continental discovered in 1890 frontier line is gone funded in 1803 25. Chesapeake Affair impressmentsailors found drunk people who would sign up June 22, 1807only a few miles of US coast, Britain attacks the Chesapeake and takes American's as sailors in the royal navy Jefferson hopes for an economic response British Royal Navy captures American ships which began impressment Jefferson is unprepared for war so the US can do nothing 26. War of 1812 US declares war on June 1, 1812 but not official until the 12 th we are tired of Native American attacks, and impressment we declare war on June 12, 1812 the week before, Britain says they will stop mistreating us but by the time we get it we have already declared war north hates it and south loves it these sectional divides dissolve the Federalist party US invades Canada multiple times and fails most celebrates was battle against Constitution vs. Guerriere on August 19, 1812 American victory and lots of morale the only thing we do well is brief naval engagements the handful of naval battles that we actually wo Constitution vs. Guerrieren Constitution is preserved today the constitution is the oldest ship that’s still afloat we are a small nation and out navy isn’t that affective British want to play on sectional division south wants a warblockade ports and allow north to trade 27. Era of Goodfeelings we see this as a second American revolution, an American triumph creates a sense of national purpose and unity destroys the Federalist party shows the world that the US was not just an experiment we do have the ability to stand on our own which creates national unity 18151825Era of Good Feelingswe’re all the same we can’t really function as a one party system as we will see later we may have got our butts kicked but we endured which is what matters
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