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Music: Study Guide for Test 1

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Music: Study Guide for Test 1 Music 100

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This is the completed study guide for the first test. Topics include basic music theory, terms and people from the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque Era.
Introduction to Music
Brian Hodges
Study Guide
Music, history
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Notetaker on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Music 100 at Boise State University taught by Brian Hodges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 207 views.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Music: Study Guide for Exam #1  Music Theory o Chords: more than one note put together o Clefs: bass or treble – indicates the pitch of the notes (higher or lower) o Dynamics: qualities of the music (volume and speed) o Harmony: Supports or contrasts the melody, the accompaniment o Key Signature: combination of sharps and flats indicating the key for the song o Melody: The main tune in the song o Meter: Beat and pattern of the song o Metronome: tells a specific tempo in beats per minute o Modulation: varying the strength, tone, or pitch o Phrase: small group of words or piece of music that can stand alone o Rhythm: beat and pattern of each measure o Scales: sequence of notes in order o Staf: five lines on which the notes are written o Syncopation: a note just of the main beat (in between the lines) o Tempo: speed of the music, faster or slower  Middle Ages o Gregorian Chant: Only one melody – no harmony, unison, no instruments o Mass: Catholic church service o Melismatic: many notes per syllable o Monophony: one voice, unison, chant o Motet: song with a mix of French poetry and Latin scripture – 1 fast line, 1 slow o Neumes: ancient music’s version of notes o Organum: early polyphony, evolved from Gregorian Chant, 2 voices o Polyphony: many voices, many accompaniments o Troubadours: traveling musicians  Renaissance o Acapella: “in the church style,” unaccompanied vocal music o Imitation: same bar repeated in diferent voices, at diferent points in the song o Madrigal: Aristocratic form of poetry and music, courtly love story, text painting o Text Painting: showing the meaning of the word by the way it is sung  Dynamic Markings o Tempo  Grave = very slow  Adagio = slow  Andante = on the slow side  Allegro = fast  Presto = very fast o Volume  pp pianissimo very quiet  p piano quiet  mp mezzo piano kind of quiet  mf mezzo forte kind of loud  f forte loud  f fortissimo very loud  Crescendo = gradually get louder  Decrescendo = gradually get softer  Subito Forte = suddenly get loud  Subito Piano = suddenly get soft  Sforzando = sudden accent  Diference between treble and bass clef o Treble Clef = higher pitches o Base Clef = lower pitches  Know instruments, their families, and how they produce sound o Chin rest: place on a violin or viola for the musician’s chin o Embouchure: the way a player applies their mouth to the mouthpiece o Endpin: pin on the bottom of a cello supporting it o Rosin: used on the bows of stringed instruments to make the sound clear o Strings  Violin, viola, cello, double bass o Woodwinds  Horn, trumpet, trombone, bass trombone, tuba o Brass  Flute, piccolo, oboe, cor anglais, clarinet, bass clarinet, e flat clarinet, contrabass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon, saxophone o Percussion  Tympani, percussion, harp, keyboards  People to know: o Hildegard of Bingen  During the Middle Ages  A nun, poet, and musician  A prophetess – had visions from the Holy Spirit to predict the future o Leonin  During the Middle Ages  Teacher at Notre Dame school  Added the second melody to plain chant – to create organum o Perotin  During the Middle Ages  Teacher at Notre Dame school  Added a third and fourth melody to plain chant – to create polyphony o Josquin des Prez  During the Renaissance  French origin, but most of his career in Italy  Known for his very expressive music  100 motets, 17 masses, etc. o Palestrina  During the Renaissance  Music director a St. Peter’s in Rome  Simplified the polyphony of the music so the words could be understood, but was still interesting to listen to  Pope Marcellus Mass o Martin Luther  During the Renaissance  Horrified that the church was not following scripture exactly  Started speaking out against it  Started the Lutheran Church o Jacopo Peri  During the Baroque Era  Wrote the first real opera  Dafne o Claudio Monteverdi  During the Baroque Era  Born in Cremona, Italy  Published his first works at age 16  Composed operas for the Gonzaga family of Mantua o Henry Purcell  During the Baroque Era  English composer  Wrote Dido and Aeneas and Dido’s Lament  Famous for Lament Bass: descending bass line, repeating throughout


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