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History 2020 -Barker-Study guide for chapter 17

by: stovallc

History 2020 -Barker-Study guide for chapter 17 84220

Marketplace > East Tennessee State University > 84220 > History 2020 Barker Study guide for chapter 17
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These are terms thoroughly defined that could very possibly be on the exam on Thursday. These are from chapter 17
U.S. Since 1877
Mr. Barker
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by stovallc on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 84220 at East Tennessee State University taught by Mr. Barker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 223 views.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
History 2020 – Barker Study Guide for Exam #1 Chapter 17 1. Lincoln’s 10% Plan—Lincoln’s plan during the Civil War for Reconstruction which stated that a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10% of its voters swore an oath of allegiance (loyalty) to the Union. All southerners except for high-ranking Confederate army officers and government officials would be given a full pardon. Lincoln promised to protect the southerners’ property, but not their slaves. Most supported Lincoln with his thought of Reconstruction because they thought it would quickly bring an end to the war. 2. Wade Davis Bill—Many congressional Republicans thought Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction was too mild. Wade and Davis created a stricter plan. The Wade Davis Bill required that 50% of a state’s white males take a loyalty oath to be readmitted to the Union. States were also required to give blacks the right to vote. Lincoln vetoed the bill. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. Congress imposed harsher reconstruction requirements first advocated in the Wade Davis Bill. 3. Johnson’s Program—Johnson took over Lincoln’s position when he was assassinated. He believed the Southern States should decide the course that was best for them. He gave amnesty and pardon. He returned property to former thnfederates who pledged loyalty to the Union and agreed to support the 13 Amendment (end of slavery). Men that had jobs and left to work for the Confederacy, men that had been of high ranking military and owners of large taxable properties were required to “apply” individually for a Presidential pardon and/or citizenship. Everyone else could simply go get their citizenship. 4. 13 Amendment—(end of slavery) “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” 5. Freedman’s Bureau—established by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the Civil War. The Freedman’s Bureau provided food, housing and medical aid, established schools and offered legal assistance. It also attempted to settle former slaves on Confederate lands that had been abandoned or confiscated during the war. The bureau ran out of funds and personnel. In 1872, Congress shut the bureau. 6. 14 Amendment—(citizenship) “All persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states from denying any person “life, liberty or property, without due process of law” or to “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” By directly mentioning the states, the 14 Amendment greatly expanded the protection of civil rights to all Americans. 7. Tenure of Office Act—law saying no cabinet member could be dismissed until a replacement was found, approved by Congress, and ready to begin 8. Scalawags—White Southerners who supported Reconstruction. Traitors to the South and just as bad-if not worse- than carpetbaggers. Included non- slaveholding, small-time farmers; middle-class professionals and other who had stayed loyal to the Union during the war. Before the Civil War it was a term used for both a farm animal of little value and ne’er-do-well individual. 9. Carpetbaggers—Northerners who moved to the South after the war, supposedly in an effort to get rich or acquire political power. Low-class schemer with little education who could carry everything he owned in a cheap carpet bag. 10.15 Amendment—(right to vote) Granted African American men the right to vote declaring that the “right of citizens of the United Sates to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”


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