SUST_2000_Exam_1_Study_Guide.pdf SUST 2000
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hanna Fowler on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SUST 2000 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Chadwick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sustainability in Sustainability Studies at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. 8. Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth. 9. Build resilient infrastructure and promote sustainable industrialization. 10.Reduce inequality within and among countries. 11.Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable. 12.Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. 13.Take urgent action to combat climate change. 14.Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources. 15.Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems. 16.Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development and provide access to justice for all. 17.Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. o Resilience: Ability of a system to recover from disturbance, absorb shock, survive, and adjust/adapt to change. o Core traits of resilient systems – be able to describe at least one and give an example Chapter 4 The Human Sphere / Systems Thinking (Morse) o System: Definition: Set of things that are interconnected in such a way that they produce their own pattern of behavior over time Components: Elements: most obvious part of a system Interconnections: relationships that hold the system together Function: applies to non-human system Purpose: applies to human system Structure drives behavior o What is systems thinking: Focuses on whole of system and how things interact Looks beyond simple cause/effect Enables learners to gain insight and promotes long-term thinking o Iceberg Model: Describe using a specific example. Steps: 1. Identify a trend you want to analyze: Tip of the iceberg 2. Construct a behavior over time (BOT) graph to describe patterns over period of time 3. Identify systemic structures: how are the parts related? Feedback: output of system is fed back into input of system Create causal loop diagrams (CLD) 1. Change your mental model (your internal picture of the world) o Determine the Leverage Points: place in the system where small changes create large impact Understand and be able to diagram: Behavior Over Time graph, Causal Loop Diagram, complex systems map, and leverage points (use examples to illustrate) o I = P*A*T model: define the components and how they each affect sustainability Impact = population*affluence*technology Affluence: Consumption per capita Chapter 3 The Biosphere / Environmental Systems (Zanzot) o ���The 4 spheres, and how they relate to each other: Litho, Atmo, Hydro, and Bio‐spheres. Definition of each, examples of components, how they relate to each other Lithosphere Sphere of stone Outermost layer of the solid earth Extends 100km (60mi) deep 1/6 of earth’s crust Made up of the tectonic plates Always in movement Earthquakes/volcanoes Source of all mineral resources Mining: extractive process of irreplaceable resources: gold, diamonds, silver, platinum Mineral portion of our soil: basis of the agricultural system Atmosphere Sphere of air Air= mixture of gases 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen Bacteria: take nitrogen out of atmosphere and turn it into energy of different forms Lightning Nitrification: nitrogen run-off. How it gets in the water Nitrates and nitrites produced from burning fossil fuel Hydrosphere Sphere of water All of the planet’s water Water is strange Sticky: molecules stick well to others Modifies temperature Good at dissolving things Biosphere Sphere of life Found in all of the other spheres Divided into biomes, ecosystems, and communities Deserts, forests, reefs, prairies Life divided into groups that share common ancestry Most of the life on earth is invisible
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