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UNIVERSITY OF LOUISIANA AT LAFAYETTE / Geology / GEOL 105 / What are the physical properties of minerals?

What are the physical properties of minerals?

What are the physical properties of minerals?


School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Geology
Course: Geology and Man
Professor: Jennifer hargrave
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Geology, minerals, fossils, oceanic, continental, gems, gemstones, and rocks
Cost: 50
Name: Study Guide for Exam 1
Description: There are a few blank spaces, because we are going over the study guide tomorrow in class. I will post the rest of the information once Mrs. Hargrave goes over it.
Uploaded: 09/12/2016
6 Pages 71 Views 8 Unlocks

Exam 1 Study Guide

What are the physical properties of minerals?

GEOL 105

Fall 2016

Below is an outline of important sections of each chapter. Read each section carefully and focus on the class notes for each section. The exam is Thursday, September 15. You will need a pencil and a scantron.


ne sedimer

What was alfred wegener theory?

Chapter 1: Understanding Earth - Why geology should matter to you - Definition of geology-me Study of Earth eine w une - Relationships between people and the natural environment of surrounding planets - Earth's 4 spheres Bosphere, lithosphere; Atmosphere, Hydrosphere - Structure of Earth's System - The nature of scientific inquiry - The Big Bang and the formation of the solar system

What is carbonate used for?

We also discuss several other topics like What are the 3 functions of law?

3 tyresor Rocless, sneals, meter Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics - 2 types of lithosphere - Who is Alfred Wegener?-Meteorologist that came up w/ theory of continental ans Don't forget about the age old question of What is electronegativity and how does it affect interactions between water molecules?

which later evolved into

- Evidence for Continental Drift - Criticisms of Continental Drift

the theory of plate

- How does paleomagnetism relate to Seafloor Spreading?

I rechtunics.

- Seafloor spreading - 3 types of plate boundaries and characteristics of each - Pangea

- Hot spots

- Convection


Chapter 3: Minerals - Definition of a mineral - 3 types of bonds

- Polymorphs

- Classification of minerals - The Silicates - Other mineral groups - Gems and gemstones We also discuss several other topics like What are financial statements?

physical properties of minerals Luister-appearence in Light (metallie non metallic)

color-cunreliable) Stredk-color of mineralin per Hardness-Resistance to abrasion/scratching If you want to learn more check out What are the branches under science?

mons sceale of Perature Hardness

(continsed on other page) mineral natural occurny, inorganic, solid, crystalline

structure with a definite chemical composistion...

Building blodes of rocks. Divided into clesses based on chem.composition 3 types of bonds We also discuss several other topics like Who is marshall mcluhan?

industrial minerals raw matendis

jonic rearranging electrons Don't forget about the age old question of What is studied in sociology?

One minerals sources of valuable

or bem minerals renler

covalent- sharing of elections


Metallic also sharing, elections

move from atom to atom = weakbond Type of bonding governs Mineral properties.


ny Gedogy should matter to you:

effects our everyday life w/ natural disasters: volcanos, earthquakes, and hurricanes.

Relationships between people and thenatural environments

Study SOUD

Study Soup

The nature of scientific inguiry: -Science assumes the natural world is consistent/predictable.

Goal of scence to discover patterns in nature and use the knowledge to make predictions -Screntists collect facts through observation measurements explanation subject to testing explanation backed by scientific evidence.

I must be testables raw.description of observed phenomenon, doesn't explain why

Just says something will happen. Structure of Earth's systems:

itu thac




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The Big Bang formation of the solar system solar Nebula Theory- theory of how solar system formed Big Bang-approx. 14 billion years ago.

Adene, not state was followed by rapid expanson/cooling Metter overruled anti-matter and the Universe was

created GA. a huge rotecting cloud of gels contracts Plate

A Plattens a material gathers in bits to form planets a that notate around center

the Sore-tron Nielele

VB forms a dok of gas/dust w

sun at center






at ang pagigi mantle-iron-rich Silicate

Chapter 2 study Guide atypes of lithoupheres

'Oceanic continental

Alfred Wegener White The Onsins of Oceans and Cntments 1915

- Idea of Pangala / continental anft Evidence for continental Drift!

Continental seafloor Plate




supoids S210yat

fo barfoi-ty nurunuo mous froy tumbo

malla ty nuo mou mou oft hellbysn't apa

PulbaufH'HO staroque urastas -Burmares Taman

namong youpombal A drupbe 2you

continents Gedosizal matching- matching of contrents based

therodostampou sumunu bundud and bliss o

rupany Todd DOWMRUWaps/

मालपापड suorauts saron bono mapranendons t now

panul hout nous prout To

NURANTissot opingsress ofrundstonius

diferent continents. The ahmals caven't have just migrated overseas on their own

• Gloss optens-plaint fossi I found on all souther continent

hububouhoshamsosnu. Shmbrum.

Pangal-continents were once all connected

Chapter 3 hysical Doperties of Mineral continued. rearase-tendency to break dlong planes of weak neoneling. Onduces feat shiny surfaces, desenbed by

sulting geometric shapes, no

not all Binerals have cleavage - Pacture-absence of clearase when mineral is broken specific Granty-ratio of weight of a mineral to the weight of an equal volume of water Average 2796cm3 Others: megnétism, Reaction to Het acid malleability

ouble refraction, taste, smell, Elasticity Classification of minerals I Minerals can be separated by the principle anon

or anionic grup 1 Earthis mainty Oxygen/Silicon




The Silicates x. most common/important class of mnerals.

Fealled the rock forming minerals a ar As almost entire crust/mantle of earth Sio

Silit anionic unit- the silicon oggen tetrahedron

x Quartz Sios

Ordes (02-)

Sulfides 15).

Nature elements Cu, Antal

Classified by cations hund pure

Sulfates g


Halides (crorty Carbonates (602)

Criticisms of continental Drift. -He couldn't explain how why centment moved -New endence from accans revived his idees. How does paleone netism releute to seartwr Spreading? Paleomagnetism-old innleposits and in inkomentan on where Paleomagnetic noch was. - You can judge the rate of spreading w/ the study of magnetism in the sea flour

Study Soup

Seafloor spreading Endence lies in magnetom insearthoor rocks varies from the mid- ocean riage. The sides of ridse are symmetrio


3 types of Plateboundares/charactenstue of each greates • Divergent - rmoung away from each other neust & Oceanic Ridges/contrented Rift Valley Coleanie achty * Basalt continued spreeding eventually creates oceanic crest

o Convergent coming together subduction occurs mit Trenen (deepest part of ocean)/oleanos form

Oceanic-oceanic v Ocean continent volanic islands/ocean trench volcanic mountans ocean trench

Continental contrental-mountain belt

• Transform a slide past each other

creates Fault Valley, earthquakes are common

Hat Spots-mantle plung that occurs within a plate

(Hawaii Convection - Drives plate motion. Cimulation due to cheinge

in temp when heated. How plate teentonics works

Study SOUT


carbonates Tan have carbonate (03)2

"Rocks/limestone , dow stones I Derived from shells and hard parts of manne organisms or are precipitated throm seawater

Gems Gemstones Gemstone a mineral w/ special value A Ibem-a cut/polished stone for jewelry Precious-rare expensive stones Specias lessrare

ex Diamond, Ruby Sapphire ex Topaz, Garnet

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