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Exercise Psychology Exam 1 Review

by: Andrews Notetaker

Exercise Psychology Exam 1 Review EP 3183

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > EP 3183 > Exercise Psychology Exam 1 Review
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About this Document

Review terms, questions, and notes for the first exam.
Exercise Psychology
Chih-Chia Chen
Study Guide
exercise, Psychology, Exercise Physiology, terms
50 ?




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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Andrews Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to EP 3183 at Mississippi State University taught by Chih-Chia Chen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 208 views.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Exercise Psychology Exam 1 Review   Exercise psychology o 1.convergence of exercise science and psychology. 2. applying psychological principles to exercise 3. psychological and emotional consequences of  exercise  psychology o mental processes people experience and use  exercise science o all aspects of sport, recreation, exercise/fitness, and  rehab behavior  Related fields to exercise psychology o rehab psychology, health psychology, behavioral  medicine, and sport psychology  Can exercise improve quality of life for people dealing with injuries or illness? o Yes  What forms and amount of exercise provide psychological  benefits for individuals with (for example) cancer, AIDS, or  spinal cord injuries? o exercise as medicine  Why Study Exercise Psychology? o to understand psychological  antecedents/consequences of exercise behavior  Failure to maintain an exercise regimen prescribed by a  health care professional o noncompliant behavior  How to reduce negative psychological/ emotional states  and promote positive ones? o reduce acute/chronic psychological states and  promote positive ones  benefits of physical activity o Lowers morbidity/mortality rates 2.reduce risk of diabetes,hypertension,colon cancer,  heart disease 3.reduces depression, anxiety, general negative  mood 4.enhances positive mood 5.helps reduce blood pressure in those with  hypertension  2 types of barriers to physical activity o genuine and perceived  Genuine barriers to physical activity o 1.Convenience/availability 2.environmental/ecological factors  Perceived barriers to physical activity o 1.lack of time 2.boredom/lack of enjoyment  initial emergence of exercise psychology o Recognition of the value of fitness  1970s and 80s o "Fitness Craze"; aerobics weight training, jogging,  health clubs  biophysical approach o the mind, body, and social environment influence one another and behavior  which believes that traditional forms of medicine (e.g.,  pharmacology) are the best (or only) treatments for  physical and mental health o medical model  Individuals with a Background in Exercise Psychology  Have Work Opportunities in... o higher education, primary/secondary education,  fitness/wellness, rehab, and business  Epidemic of Physical Inactivity includes o Physical inactivity/poor diet 2. non communicable disease (cardiovascular, type 2 diabetes, and some cancer) 3. increased technology  subjective measurement of physical activity o self reporting  objective measurement of physical activity o technolgy (apps, monitors, gps)  What does the self­report questionnaire ask? o in a week how many times do you do more than 15  minutes of strenuous, moderate, and mild exercise  Strenuous exercise includes o running,hockey,football, soccer, basketball, skiing,  judo, swimming, hard cycling  moderate exercise includes o fast walk,baseball, tennis, volleyball, badminton, easy swim/cycling, dancing  mild exercise includes o yoga, archery, fishing, bowling, golf, snowmobile,  easy walk  5 W's of epidemiology o Who, where, when, why , and what do they exercise  ACSM Cardiovascular reccomendations o moderate intensity 5 days a week for greater than 30  min  ACSM resistance recommendations o 2­4 sets of 8­12 reps, muscle fatigue twice a week  ACSM flexibility recommendations o 10­30s, 2­4 times until mild discomfort 2­3 times a  week  ACSM neuromoter recommendations o 20 min 2­3 times a week  Percentage of Population Engaging in Physical Activity by  gender/Country o Canada>US>Australia> england Men>women  physical activity levels of english children o Boys and girls grow older they spend More time  being inactive  Canadians physical activity by age o As people get older, percent of people who have high activity decreases steadily, low activity increases,  moderate fluctuates  Physical activity levels by gender(england) o women spend more hours a week housework. men spend more hours gardening,walking, and  exercising  Sedentary Physical activity levels by race (america) o hispanic> black> asian> native american> white  Met objectives for  aerobic and  muscle­strengthening  activities by race o white> black> native american> asian> Hispanic  Physical Activity Levels by education o Higher ed more exercise in america varies in south Australia  Men are more likely to engage in _______ exercise, but  women engage in as much, if not more,________ activity. o vigorous, moderate  Low income groups and ethnic minorities tend to  participate in ______ physical activity than the rest of the  population o Less  obesity by country o US> england> canada> Australia  obesity in US gender o women> men adults> children boys> girls  a misconception is People with a _________________ are insufficiently healthy to participate in exercise o disability or chronic disease  What's a model? o visual representation of a phenomenon or behavior  theory o explains why a behavior or phenomenon occurs,  based on large observations, make predictions  Theory's are essential because o help us understand and predict physical activity  behavior. scientifically validated blueprint  Behavioral model of exercise o habitual exercise to relapse to resumption of exercise back to habitual  What are theories of behavior rooted in o Motivation  Self Efficacy o extent to which individual feels they will be successful in performing a desired behavior.  Sources of self efficacy o past performance, vicarious experiences, social  persuasion, and physiological/affective states  What does self efficacy theory best predict? o new behaviors  Influence reduced why? o When exercise becomes habitual  Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) o focus on predicting single instance activity (voting),  intention to exercise  Theory of reasoned action 2 main factors o attitudes and subjective norms(social pressure)  Attitudes related to the theory of reasoned action o pos/neg is it a worthy endeavor/ is it important  Social pressure related to theory of reasoned action o Expectations of significant others to exercise.  Motivation to comply with expectations  The more ______ the attitude, and _____ the social  pressure, the stronger the intent to vote/exercise o positive greater  Application of Theory of Reasoned Action o Interventions need to focus on increasing strength  ones intention and attitude to exercise. Cause one to feel external pressure to exercise  Perceived Behavior Control (PBC) influences behavior  _________, as well as through its effect on ______ o independently intention  Application of TPB o Promote a sense of personal control over ones  behavior. help individual overcome barriers. regular time w reminders  Limitations of theory of reasoned action o may only be useful for predicting behaviors that  individual perceives under his/her control  limitations of theory of perceived behavior control o predicting behavior limited by elapsed time bt  intention and behavior, as well as behaviors  repeatablility  people seek challenges to satisfy three basic  psychological needs o Self determination, competence, social interactions  Success of motivations o intrinsic>extrinsic> amotivation  amotivation o perceived lacking of ability  engaging in behavior in order to confirm one's sense of  self o integrated regulation  behavior is motivated by personal goals o identified regulation  behavior is dictated by a self­imposed source of pleasure  (guilt) o introjected regulation  engaging an behavior for obtaining an external reward/  avoiding external punishment o external regulation  intrinsic motivation motives o pleasure, satisfaction  integrated regulation motives o confirming sense of self  identified regulation motives o achieving personal goals  introjected regulation motives o sense of obligation  external regulation motives o gain reward, avoid punishment  amotivation motives o none  interventions focus on (2) o enhancing individuals autonomy. positive environment  developers of Stimulus Response Theory o Skinner and Pavlov  What is a key principle of Stimulus response theory o a behavior learned through repeated pairings with  cues  Principle of Stimulus Response Theory: events that can  alter likelihood of behavior reoccurring o positive/negative reinforcement, punishment,  extinction  positive and negative reinforcement __________ exercise o increases  punishment and extinction __________ exercise o decreases  many trainers, fitness centers, therapists, and others use  _________ to increase behavior o reinforcement  One limitation of the Stimulus response theory (SRT) is it  does not consider the role of _______ o Cognition  Integrative approaches pull together concepts from what  two models o transtheoretical and social ecological  Transtheoretical model stages o precontemplation to contemplation to preparation to  action to maintenance  precontemplation o Consider pros greater than cons, defensive  contemplation o intentions to start exercising in next 6 months, aware  of pros/cons, not ready for change  preparation o intend to start exercising soon, pros>cons  action o exercise at recommended levels, least stable stage  maintenance o have exercised for 6 months, less tempted to relapse  intervention for precontemplation o help ppl understand benefit of exercise  intervention for contemplation stage o spur contemplators to identify more advantages of  being active  intervention for preparation stage o help people get organized  intervention for action stage o offer tips on barriers  intervention for maintenance stage o provide info to prevent backsliding  Usefulness of Transtheoretical model (TTM) o TTM counseling helps ppl inc physical activity  limitations of transtheoretial model (TTM) o problems predicting movement to another stage, no  stable progression  Social Ecological Model says individuals are responsible  for engaging in healthful behaviors, but other influences on health behavior exist in_____ (4) o physical environment, community, society,  government  Application of Social Ecological Model (2) o Increase access to recreational environments,  support active transportation


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