Biology 1113, Study Guide 1
Biology 1113, Study Guide 1 Biology 1113
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 1113 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Ball and Dr. Weinstein in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 234 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Study Guide #1 – Biology 1113 (Ch. 3-7) Chapter 3: Define: Cohesion – Adhesion – Surface tension – Calorie – Specific heat – Hydrophilic – Hydrophobic - Questions and Concepts to know: What is electronegativity and how does it affect interactions between water molecules? What bonds make up a water molecule? What bonds connect other water molecules to each other? What effects will the breaking of the different bonds associated with water have on the atoms/molecules? What explains: Water strider walking on water? Water sticking to the hood of a car that has recently been waxed? Filling a glass of water to the very top, and the water forms a dome-like shape above the glass? Water climbing through capillary tubes? The curved surface (meniscus) in a graduated cylinder? Why are our bodies made mostly of water? Why is this important? Chapter 4: Define: Isomers – ATP - Questions and Concepts to know: Why is carbon considered the backbone of life (why is it so important)? What four other atoms can carbon bond to, in order to form diverse molecules? What are the three different types of isomers and how can they affect a substance? What are the 7 most important functional groups and what are each of them made up of? (You will need to know the structure of each and be able to identify each one on the midterm) Which functional group is not present in this molecule? Which action could produce a carbonyl group? a. The replacement of the –OH of a carboxyl group with hydrogen b. The addition of a thiol to hydroxyl c. The addition of a hydroxyl to a phosphate d. The replacement of the nitrogen of an amino with oxygen **There are flashcards of the functional groups and pictures which I highly recommend using, these are hard to remember and will show up on the midterm in both this chapter and others. Go to this link: https://quizlet.com/_2hroeq ** Chapter 5: Define: Macromolecules – Monomer – Polymer – Dehydration reaction – Fats - Cholesterol - Questions and concepts to know: What are the four main classes of biological molecules? Which one does not consist of polymers? How many molecules of water are needed to completely hydrolyze a polymer that is ten monomers long? How are polymers built and broken down (what processes and reactions)? What is the difference between a fat and a phospholipid? What is a carbohydrate? What are they made out of? How are they classified? What bonds are used to join molecules that are classified as carbohydrates? What is the most common polysaccharide and what are its structural characteristics? What are the storage polysaccharides in a plants and animals? What is the difference between starch and cellulose? Why is a lipid not a “true” polymer? What is the difference between the structure of saturated and unsaturated fats? What causes phospholipids to line up in two parallel lines facing towards each other? Describe the difference between low density and high density cholesterol. What are some functions of proteins? What are proteins constructed out of? What structural component are proteins characterized by? What are the four levels of protein structure, and what do each contribute to a protein? What parts of a polypeptide participate in the bonds that hold together secondary structure? Tertiary structure? What role does complementary base pairing play in the functions of nucleic acids? Chapter 6 Describe the functions of: Mitochondria – Chloroplast – Endoplasmic reticulum – Nucleus – Nucleolus – Ribosomes – Smooth ER – Rough ER – Golgi apparatus – Lysosomes – Vacuoles – Cell wall – Extracellular matrix – What do the eukaryotic cell and prokaryotic cell have in common? What are their differences? Why is the importance of the SA and Volume ratio? Describe how transport vesicles integrate the endomembrane system. What is phagocytosis? What is the pathway of a protein? Compare chloroplasts and mitochondria. What are the role of the cytoskeleton? What are the three types of fibers that make up the cytoskeleton and what do they do? What are the different types of cell junctions and what is the significance of them? In what way are the cells of plants and animals structurally different from single- celled eukaryotes? **Make sure you know each function of each part of the cell and where to find them** **I would highly recommend doing the study guide our professor has also posted. The information I put on here includes some of the points she covered on her study guide, as well as things she left out and that WILL be on the midterm.** Good luck guys!!
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