South Asia Study Guide
South Asia Study Guide GEOG 1010
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Haylei Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A. McGowin in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
35 T HINGS THAT YOU N EED TO K NOW ABOUT SOUTH ASIA!!! 1. Why has South Asia avoided heavy influence from outside Asian nations? Large mountains in the North 2. What physical geographic feature generally contributes to the annual flooding in Bangladesh? There is low elevation and its location right where two major rivers meet. There’s also snow that melts from the Himalayas that can cause flooding. 3. What is a monsoon? A seasonal wind; high pressured areas start to spin in opposite directions 4. In what way do the populations of South Asia and East Asia differ? a. consider the growth rates The high population density means that people tend to have lots of kids 5. What is the Malthusian theory? Says that eventually there will be too many people for the amount of resources available in an area. It discusses how to avoid catastrophe by having fewer kids and delaying marriages. 6. In what ways has South Asia generally avoided the Malthusian catastrophe? Population control. 7. What "justification" is generally used to explain why the Ganges is both a sacred river and one of the world's most polluted? 8. What was the Chipko movement? They tried fighting deforestation by literally hugging trees. 9. What major event took place in Bhopal, India? The Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the worst gas leak tragedy. It wasn’t an explosion, but a leaking of unmaintained pipes. 10. Know the focal point of the initial ancient South Asian civilizations Indus River Valley was first settled then moved to the Ganges River Valley which was the focal point of population. The river areas are good for people to grow and form societies. 11. What is the caste system? Brahmins are the priests; highest. The vaishyas are merchants, landowners, artisans that have some sort of skill. Sudras are the servants (most of the population) Untouchables are “below humans”; they are unclean and outside of the caste system. They’re most discriminated against. When you’re in a group, you never move from it. Technically the caste system is illegal but socially it still exists. 12. Sikhism is primarily concentrated in which state of India? 5 largest religion in the world and it’s only in one state in India. It’s in Punjab. 13. Hinduism is primarily focused in which two countries? India and Nepal / Bangladesh 14. Why is Hinduism such a difficult religion to define? It’s a collection of ancient Indian religions and therefore is hard to define. It isn’t just one unifying philosophy. 15. Due to their behavior, worshippers of the Hindu goddess Kali gave us what presentday term? “Thuggys” or “thugs” are people who follow Kali, an unfriendly diety. People who follow Kali will do unfriendly actions and say Kali told them to do it, like robbing/killing people. 16. What is the significance of Mt. Kailas? The most holy place in Hinduism. It is the “earthly home” of Shiva, the destroyer. It’s offlimits because of this belief. 17. What role did the Maratha play in helping preserve Hinduism in South Asia? When Maratha came to power they pushed the Mughal out and technically saved Hinduism from becoming a strictly Islamic area. 18. What criteria is used in the formation of the various states of India? Ethnicity because languages are tied to an ethnic group. 19. Be able to explain the general northsouth divide in India. 20. What postindependence plan did Mahatma Gandhi initially prefer for South Asia? 21. What was the basis for partitioning of South Asia? 22. What effect did partitioning have on the Indian city of Kolkata? It used to be the capital but it lost the trading area and so the capital was moved. 23. Why does the Indian state of Assam restrict immigration into its territory? They have their own culture; known for tea production. They have a small population and restrict immigration so that no one steals their culture. 24. What territory is the claimed by both India and Pakistan, which has led to these two countries fighting four different wars against one another? Kashmir; a very small territory that is often fought over. 25. What 1974 event led to the temporary end of hostilities between India and Pakistan, an era of relative peace that eventually ended in 1999? Cricket; there was a “friendship series” where India went to Pakistan for a cricket game and it alleviated pressure/tension because they humanized one another. 26. Why did the British introduce sports to South Asia? To better incorporate South Asians into their British empire. 27. In the early 2000s, what general purpose was the sport of cricket used by India and Pakistan? They could play it while they were working in fields. // They wanted to end hostilities between countries. 28. What territory lays claim to the longest continuous Buddhist country in the world? Sri Lanka 29. What is the general source of division in Sri Lanka, one that led to a 25year civil war that ended in 2009? 30. What is the origin of Nepal's unique flag, which is the only nonrectangular country flag in the world? It’s actually two flags combined and has a sun and a moon. 31. What role did Prithvi Narayan Shah play in the creation of presentday Nepal? He was the father of Nepal; unified them. 32. What unfortunate problem is Mount Everest facing today? Horrible littering and pollution issue because people will hike it and have no trash cans. 33. What function does Chimi Lhakhang serve in Bhutan? The fertility temple; people come there if they’re trying to get pregnant. 34. Despite possessing the highest per capita GDP in South Asia, Maldives faces an uncertain future. What is the greatest threat to the survival of the Maldives? European companies buy the islands and it’s a huge tourist area, but it could sink anytime now and it’s also in the middle of the sea. 35. What is unique about the North Sentinelese? They’re an island with NO contact with the outer world. They will not contact people and will kill anyone who comes close to their island; rumors of cannibalism.
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