Chapters 1-3 Test 1 Study Guide With Answers
Chapters 1-3 Test 1 Study Guide With Answers CRJU 203 002
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by juliac103 on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRJU 203 002 at University of South Carolina - Columbia taught by Theresa Clement in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Criminal Justice Study Guide w Answers Exam 1 1. What are the goals of the criminal justice system? ● Doing justice ● Controlling crime ● Preventing crime 2. What is the difference between mala in se crime and malum prohibitum crime? ● Mala in se are evil in and of themselves ○ Ex) murder ● Malum prohibitum are only wrong because the law prevents you from doing so ○ Ex) stopping at a stop sign 3. How does the criminal justice system change and evolve? How have they gotten the means to expand? ● Changes through different world events ○ ex) vietnam war, civil rights movement, 9/11 ○ The more fear to the public's well being, the more funding generated 4. What are the differences between criminal substantive law and procedural criminal law? ● Substantive: do’s and don’ts of the law ● Procedural: Methods used once we suspect you’ve committed a crime 5. What is case law? ● Unwritten, legal precedents decided by a judge that became a law. ● The law as established by the outcome of former cases. 6. When does the government have the right to suspend individual freedom? ● To protect the common welfare ● To protect the order in society ● To protect the order from each other 7. List and explain the two theories on how to deal with crime. ● Crime control Model: Conservative approach in which stresses repressing crime, efficiency, administrative process, police processes for major decision point making, and leaves the basis of decision making up to discretion. ● Due process Model: Liberal approach in which stresses preserving individual liberties, reliability, adversarial process, courtroom decision points, and law as the basis of decision making. 8. What is criminal differential association theory? ● Crime is a learned behavior 9. Name the criminology theory that believes criminal behavior is done by choice based on relieving pain or feeling pleasure. ● Classical Theory/ Rational choice theory 10.Explain the difference between the biological criminology theory and the psychological criminology theory. ● Biological: criminality is inherited, innate, and caused by our biology ○ Born with it ● Psychological: Crime is caused by your psychological state including repressed feelings, mental illness, and personality maladjustment. ○ Results from other causes 11.What are some sociological explanations for crime? ● Social groups and social institutions create the conditions that ultimately cause criminal behavior ○ Poverty ○ Unemployment ○ Violence in media ○ Failure of schools 12.What 2 things must an officer have before arresting someone? ● Must have facts that a crime was committed ● Must have facts that you were involved 13.At what point during your arrest can you case be dropped? ● Initial appearance 14.What important ideal did the Terry vs. Ohio case bring about? ● Reasonable Suspicion ○ Can pat down the suspect's outer clothing if you suspect you are in danger and that they are carrying a weapon. 15.Why might a prosecutor/officer drop charges? ● Not enough evidence ● Whether the defendant’s constitutional rights have been violated. ● Victim might back out 16.What is an indictment? ● A document returned by a grand jury as a “true bill” charging an individual with a specific crime on the basis of probable cause. 17.T/F a. Women are always more likely to be victimized than men. i. FALSE b. Elderly people are the least likely to be victimized. i. TRUE c. People who are married are less likely to be victimized. i. TRUE d. Young people aged 2024 are most likely to be criminals, so people older than that are more likely to be victims. i. FALSE e. Murder victims are counted on the National Crime Victimization Survey. i. FALSE 18.Explain the victim precipitation theory and give an example. ● Whenever a person is victimized, there is some kind of social interaction between the victim and the criminal ○ The victim plays a part in the victimization ● Ex) victim being a prostitute 19.What lifestyle aspects could enhance someone’s chances of becoming a victim? ● Your “profession” ○ prostitution ● Certain activities ○ Buying weed ● Who you hangout with ○ Gangs 20.What are the 3 primary victimization impacts? ● Financial ● Physical ● Psychological 21.What are secondary victimization impacts? ● Inappropriate responses of individuals and institutions toward the victim 22.What are Rape Shield Laws and why were they put into place? ● Protect a rape victim from any unneccesary secual information being brought up in court ● Criminal prosecutors were bringing up humiliating information in order to get the victim to drop the charges/case. 23.How can media affect victims? ● Exploit horrible situations ○ ex) film your brother dying 24.How can the Victim’s Rights Movement help victims ● Create crime victim rights act of 2004 ○ Sets money aside to reimburse some criminal victimization loses
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