Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide Psyc 1101 a
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Loos on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 1101 a at Georgia Southern University taught by Dr. Steirn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychology (PSYC) at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Exam 1 Study Guide Brief History of Psych/Alternative Explanations Methodology Methodology/Correctional vs. Experimental Research Biology of Behavior (Neurons) Biology of Behavior (PNS/CNS) Biology of Behavior (Brain) Finish Bio or Start Development Sexual Development Sexual Development Gender and Sexuality (SVU or Joan and John) Gender Development/Review Week 1 - 2 is Brief History of Psych/Alternative Explanations, Methodology, Methodology/Correctional vs. Experimental Research, Biology of Behavior (Neurons) Week 3 is Biology of Behavior (Neurons), Biology of Behavior (PNS/CNS), Biology of Behavior (Brain) Week 4 is Biology of Behavior (Brain) and Sexual Development (Prenatal) Week 5 is Sexual Development (Prenatal) andAlso know the movie about Dr. Money and the boy with no penis Chapter 1: Correlation Different Ways to Observe Naturalistic Controlled Survey/Questionnaire Case Study/Case History Participant Variables Independent Dependent Control Ways to Control Variables Eliminate Randomization Keep Same Expectations in Experiment Participants Experimenter Chapter 2 Neurons Dendrites Axon Terminal Buttons Myelin Sheath Soma Nucleus Axon Hillock Nodes of Ranvier Glial Cells or Glia Synapse Temporal vs. Spatial Excite Inhibit Saltatory Conduction Ways to Get Rid of Excess Neurotransmitters Degradations Reuptake Muscles and Neurons Botchilism Charlie Horse Ganglia Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Somatic Nervous System- system that allows for MOVEMENT and SENSATION Motor System- works on striated muscles voluntary-raising hand involuntary-reflex; sneeze or seizure Sensory System-sense things coming into our body; carries information both from the outside world and from the inside *ReflexArc- get sensation coming in and an action coming out; hitting the knee with mallet Autonomic System-serves internal nervous system Parasympathetic-operates at all time; primary function is to calm the organs down; when in a calm state the parasympathetic is more in control Sympathetic-kicks into gear for flight or fight response; excitement ofANY type will cause this response; speeds up heart rate and breathing Ganglia Chain-one message is sent to multiple sites in a DIRECT line Central Nervous System (CNS) Spinal Cord-evolved first; carries messages from one end of the body to the other; caudus equinus are the neurons coming off the end; damage to the spinal cord can cause paralysis; a sign of paralysis in men is frequent or constant erections or when the ReflexArc is truly radical in nature like a high kick from a simple mallet hit to the knee Afferent- goes into the slice of spine Interneuron- goes in between the neurons in the slice of spine Efferent- goes from the slice of spine Brain BasicAnatomy Left Hemisphere/Right Hemisphere Crease/Division between the left and right Commissures are the neurons that run between the hemispheres Corpus Collosum- means LARGE BODY is the biggest commissure between the hemispheres Lobes of the Brain Frontal- some control over speech, muscle movement, judgement, does not finish maturing until a person is about 25 years of age Parietal- sensory area of the brain, mainly touch and body position Temporal- sensory area, hearing Occipital- sensory area, vision **Lower parts of the body are the oldest **Higher parts of the body of the youngest **Inside parts are older than outer parts The Central Sulcus is the big dip in the brain near the center Sulcus/Sulci-dip Gyrus/Gyri-ridges Thalamus- outgoing information; acts as a switchboard for the brain; directs information (not the only place that this happens at); maintenance center of the brain Hypothalamus- UNDER THALAMUS; this is important for motivational states The 4 F’s of motivation Feeding Fighting Fleeing Mating Protection of the Brain and the Spinal Cord Bone Menenges Cerebrospinal Fluid Brain-Skull DuraMater fluid flowing inside the menenges Spinal Cord- Vertebra PiaMater Arachnoid brain shock absorber made in the brain slow circulation Chapter 3 Prenatal Conception Embryonic l a t e F Birth Puberty Aging Physical Development MOM DAD XX XY XX- Girl XY- Boy Basically the sex of the child is determined by the FATHER When in the womb the natural way for the baby to development is female however Boys produce HYAntigen Protein which is the 1st step of Sexual Differentiation HYAntigen actually causes the TESTES to develop which in turn starts the production of TESTOSTERONE which is anANDROGEN (class of hormones commonly known as sex hormones) PRIMORDIAL GONADS- undifferentiated sex organs FEMALE MALE ovaries testes clitoris penis womb ——— Male and Female infants lactate for the first few days
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