Total Wellness Exam 1 study guide
Total Wellness Exam 1 study guide HLTH 2603
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meredith McKnight on Monday September 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HLTH 2603 at Oklahoma State University taught by Carly Dunn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Total Wellness in Health at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
T otal Wellness Exam 1 Study Guide Topic titles given on study list in class are highlighted in yellow. Chapter 1: Taking Charge of Your Health Definitions: o Wellness- optimal health and vitality; encompassing all the dimensions of well being o Health- the overall condition of body or mind and the presence/ absence of illness or injury o Homeostasis- a state of stability and consistency in an individual’s physiological functioning o Current health: current lifestyle and how it affects health today and in future o Past health: previous lifestyle patterns/behaviors that impact current and future health o Locus of control- figurative place a person designates as the source of responsibility for the events in his or her life ex: parents, God, school, self Dimensions of Wellness: o Physical Eating well, exercising, avoid harmful habits, recognize symptoms of disease, avoid injuries , regular checkups o Emotional Optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-acceptance, self- confidence, ability to understand/accept/share one’s feelings o Intellectual Openness to new ideas, capacity to question, critical thinking, motivation to master new skills, sense of humor, creativity, curiosity, lifelong learning o Interpersonal Communication skills, capacity for intimacy, establish/maintain satisfying relationships, ability to cultivate support system (friends, family) o Spiritual Capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness, altruism, joy, fulfillment, caring for others, sense of meaning/purpose, sense of belonging to something greater than self o Environmental Abundant clean natural resources, maintain sustainable development, recycling, reducing pollution/waste o Other Aspects Occupational Refers to level of happiness and fulfillment you gain through work Financial Ability to live within your means and manage money in a way that gives peace of mind Healthy People 2020 goals: 1. Eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death 2. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve health of all groups 3. Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all 4. Promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life Causes of Death (All of USA 2007) Causes of Death (age 15-24) 1. Heart disease 1. accidents 2. Cancer 2. homicide 3. Stroke 3. suicide 4. Chronic lower respiratory diseases 4. cancer 5. Accidents 5. Heart disease 6. Alzheimer’s disease 7. Diabetes 8. Flu/pneumonia 9. Kidney disease 10. Suicide Chapter 2: Stress: the Constant Challenge Definitions (concepts in stress): o Personality- The sum of cognitive, behavioral, and emotional tendencies o Stress response- the physical and emotional reactions to a stressor o Stress- the general physical and emotional state that accompanies the stress response o Stressor- the physical or psychological event or condition that produces physical and emotional reactions Physiological aspects of Stress o Autonomic nervous system- controls basic body processes; consists of sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions Parasympathetic nervous system- division of autonomic nervous system that moderates excitatory effect of the sympathetic division, slows metabolism and restoring energy supplies (return to homeostasis) Sympathetic nervous system- division of autonomic nervous system that reacts to danger or other challenges by almost instantly accelerating body processes (fight or flight response) o Endocrine system- triggered by sympathetic nervous system during stress; releases hormones/other chemical messengers to influence metabolism and other body processes Fight or flight response- defense reaction that prepares person for conflict or escape by triggering hormonal cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes Stress response( physiological)- sympathetic nervous system initiates fight or flight response and endocrine system releases hormones that trigger following physiological processes: 1. Heart rate/ respiration accelerates to speed oxygen 2. Hearing/vision become more acute 3. Liver releases extra sugar into bloodstream for energy boost 4. Perspiration increases 5. Endorphins released to dull pain receptors 6. Muscle activity increased 7. Digestive system stopped and energy transferred to muscles Types of stress: o Acute- stress immediately following a stressor; may last only minutes of may turn into chronic stress o Chronic- stress that continues for days weeks or longer o Eustress- positive ex: wedding o Distress- unpleasant stressor/ negative ex: death in family o Astress- neither positive or negative/indifferent Personality types: o Type A- ultracompetitive, controlling, impatient, aggressive, sometimes hostile, higher perceived stress level/stress coping problems o Type B- relaxed and contemplative. Less frustrated by daily events, more tolerant of others’ behavior o Type C- anger suppression & difficulty expressing emotions, feelings of hopelessness and despair, exaggerated response to minor stressors Managing Stress: o Steps: 1. Shore up support system 2. Improve communication 3. Develop healthy exercise, eating, and sleeping habits 4. Identify moderate individual stressors o Techniques: Social support Communication Exercise Nutrition Sleep Time management Spiritual wellness Cognitive techniques Think/act constructively, take control, problem-solve, modify expectations, stay positive, sense of humor, focus on the important Relaxation techniques Deep breathing, progressive relaxation, visualization, meditation, yoga, tai-chi, music, etc. Chapter 3: Psychological Health Psychological health- (negative definition) the absence of sickness (positive definition) the presence of wellness OR The interaction of individuals with their environment and how it affects their physical/mental well-being o Signs of health: Positive self estem, Realistic Overall positive outlook Capacity for intimacy Inner directed/autonomous Respect/love for self Optimistic Creative living Accept self/positive self concept Erik Erikson’s Stages of Development Maslow’s Heirarchy of Needs: Disorders & symptoms: o Simple, specific phobias- persistent, excessive fear of specific object/activity/situation o Social phobias- fear of humiliation/embarrassment while being watched by others o Panic disorders- severe anxiety attacks with physical symptoms o Generalized anxiety disorders- excessive/uncontrolled worry about many situations o OCD Obsessions- recurrent, unwanted thoughts/impulses Compulsions- repetitive, difficult to resist actions associated with obsessions o PTSD Reliving traumatic events through dreams, flashbacks, hallucinations; psychological and emotional responses to events that cause sense of terror/hopelessness (acute stress disorder) o Mood Disorders Depression- characterized by loss of interest, sadness, hopelessness, loss of appetite, disturbed sleep, and other physical symptoms Bipolar disorder- characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania (excessive elation, insomnia, irritability, talkative behavior extremes) Schizophrenia- involves a disturbance in thinking and perceiving reality. Characterized by disorganized thoughts, inappropriate emotions, delusions, auditory hallucinations, deteriorating social/work function Suicide- Risk factors: previous attempts, family/friend suicide, available means, substance abuse/eating disorder, serious medical problems Potential: wish to be dead, social isolation/withdrawal, sudden inexplicable light mood o DEPRESSION AND BIPOLAR DISORDER ARE THE MOST COMMON Chapter 5: Relationships and Communication Love Languages How to relate to person with Communication Action Avoid this love language Compliments, Words of Demands, insults, Affirmation affirmations, kind Send notes/cards criticism words 1-to-1 time; not Take long walks, Long periods of interrupting, face doing things time apart, more Quality Time to face together, taking time with friends conversation trips than sig. other Give gifts on Fact oriented special and Forgetting special Gifts days, thoughtless information random hasty gifts occasions Acts of Service “I can” “I will” Helping with Ignoring their “what else can I house/yard work, request while do” language repair/maintenan helping others ce, acts of kindness A lot of nonverbals, Touches, hugs, Physical Physical Touch verbals need to kisses, proximity neglect/abuse be word pictures
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