Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide HD 302
Popular in Human Development Adolescence
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katelynn Jones on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HD 302 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kimberly Sanders in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 145 views.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
Question 1 2 out of 2 points Which of the following is not associated with disordered eating in the United States Selected Answer: All of the following are associated with disordered eating. Question 2 2 out of 2 points The first sign of puberty in girls is generally: Selected Answer: growth of breasts. Question 3 2 out of 2 points Professor Kendall has been researching adolescent maturation around the world. Which of the following is she likely to determine has the smallest role in determining group differences in pubertal maturation? Selected Answer: genetics. Question 4 2 out of 2 points Which of the following plays the greatest role in the development of depression? Selected Answer: stressful life events Question 5 2 out of 2 points The term puberty refers to the period during which: Selected Answer: an individual becomes capable of sexual reproduction. Question 6 2 out of 2 points Although both sexes experience changes in muscle tissue and body fat, the ratio of muscle to body fat is: Selected Answer: greater in boys than girls. Question 7 2 out of 2 points One reason for the difference in the body shapes of the sexes is: Selected Answer: the difference in the amount and distribution of body fat. Question 8 2 out of 2 points The adolescent growth spurt: Selected Answer: generally begins two years earlier for girls than for boys. Question 9 2 out of 2 points Which of the following characteristics is not associated with being an early-maturing boy? Selected Answer: fewer problem behaviors Question 10 2 out of 2 points Which of the following statements about puberty in girls is false? Selected Answer: Menarche occurs very early in the process of sexual development. Question 11 2 out of 2 points According to the textbook, a good deal of adolescents' risk taking takes place in contexts in which: Selected they are unsupervised by adults and exposed to peers who encourage Answer: risky behaviors. Question 12 2 out of 2 points What emotional characteristic makes an individual more likely to engage in risky behaviors? Selected Answer: sensation seeking Question 13 2 out of 2 points According to research on behavioral decision theory, adolescents often decide to engage in behavior that seems risky to adults because adolescents: Selected Answer: have different values and priorities than adults. Question 14 2 out of 2 points The ability to think about one's own thoughts is called: Selected Answer: metacognition. Question 15 2 out of 2 points Multidimensional thinking helps adolescents understand: Selected Answer: sarcasm. Question 16 2 out of 2 points When calculating individual performance on an IQ test, a child who was of average intelligence would have an IQ score of: Selected Answer: 100. Question 17 2 out of 2 points Scientists now believe that the transition from concrete operational thought to formal operational thought occurs: Selected Answer: very gradually and unevenly across domains of functioning. Question 18 2 out of 2 points All of the following statements about structural and functional change involving the prefrontal cortex during adolescence are true except: Selected Answer: All of the above are true Question 19 2 out of 2 points Charlie is able to tune out the television so that he can focus on his art project, which is due in class tomorrow. This is an example of: Selected Answer: selective attention. Question 20 2 out of 2 points Sternberg's "triarchic theory of intelligence" proposes that to assess an individual's intellectual capabilities it is necessary to look at three distinct, but interrelated, types of "intelligence": Selected Answer: componential, experiential, and contextual. Question 21 2 out of 2 points A double shift in social status takes place during adolescence with an increase in both _________ and ___________. Selected Answer: privileges; expectations Question 22 2 out of 2 points The transition into adulthood is more likely to be impeded among minority teenagers because they: Selected Answer: are more likely to grow up poor. Question 23 2 out of 2 points All of the following are true regarding the legal boundary between childhood and adulthood except: Selected the legal boundary between childhood and adulthood is very clear Answer: and consistent. Question 24 2 out of 2 points Which of the following is not true for adolescents who have been exposed to violence? Selected Answer: they are less likely to experience feelings of hopelessness Question 25 2 out of 2 points Societies in which hunting, fishing, and farming are the primary work activities tend to exhibit a more _____ transition between adolescence and adulthood. Selected Answer: continuous Question 26 2 out of 2 points In Marley's society, adolescents are expected to attain adult roles at a certain age; however, they are provided with little training for such responsibilities. Additionally, adolescents tend to be segregated from the workforce and receive little training in school for the types of jobs they will hold as adults. What type of society does Marley most likely belong to? Selected Answer: contemporary Question 27 2 out of 2 points Changes in social definition will likely have profound effects on developments in the domains of: Selected Answer: sexuality, autonomy, achievement, and identity. Question 28 2 out of 2 points What might explain why adolescence has been elongated? Selected the increased importance of formal education in making a successful Answer: transition into adult roles Question 29 2 out of 2 points Jennifer, who is 16, ran away with her friend Tonya, who is 18. The police, however, only arrested Jennifer for running away because for a minor, running away is considered: Selected Answer: a status offense. Question 30 2 out of 2 points Compared to when adults are interrogated by the police, juveniles are: Selected Answer: None of the above is true.
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