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ES 2002 Test 1 Study Guide

by: Kendall Notetaker

ES 2002 Test 1 Study Guide ES 2002

Kendall Notetaker

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About this Document

Covers health benefits of exercise, cardiovascular diseases, and the general history of exercise science
Intro to Exercise Science
Dr. Scott Collier
Study Guide
exercise, Science, Cardiovascular, disease, health, history
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kendall Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ES 2002 at Appalachian State University taught by Dr. Scott Collier in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Exercise Science in ES Exercise Science at Appalachian State University.


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Date Created: 09/13/16
ES 2002 Test 1 Study Guide  Define: o Exercise Science: Involves many different knowledge bases and subdisciplines o Physical Fitness: Ability to carry out daily activities without undue fatigue o Physical Activity: Any movement that causes an increase in the amount of energy you have to use o Exercise: Physical activity that improves health and physical fitness o Hypokinetic Disease: Diseases caused by a lack of movement and exercise o Body Composition: The relative percentage of muscle, fat, bone and other tissues that compromise the human body o VO2 Max: How well we can take oxygen out of the air and use it (measurement) o Muscular Strength: The ability of muscles to exert one maximum repetition o Muscular Endurance: The ability of the muscles to exert force for prolonged periods of time o Flexibility: The range of motion available in a joint / the ability to move in a wide range of motion o Speed: The ability to perform a movement in a short period of time o Power: The ability to transfer energy into force at a fast rate o Reaction Time: The time elapsed between stimulation and the beginning of reaction to that stimulation o Coordination: The ability to use the senses with the body parts to perform motor tasks smoothly and accurately o Balance: The ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or while moving o Agility: The ability to rapidly and accurately change the direction of the movement of the entire body in space o Pulse Wave Velocity: (m/s) = Distance (meters) / Time (sentences)  Know the General History of Exercise Science o When military recruits began to fail their physical exams during World War I and World War II, research in exercise science began to explode  Harvard Fatigue Lab o People began to realize the positive health effects that exercise has on your body o Shift in emphasis from performance testing t physical activity for health and fitness testing  What does ACSM stand for? o American College of Sports Medicine  Know the difference between skill related fitness components and health related fitness components o Health Related  Body composition  Cardiovascular fitness  Muscular strength  Muscular endurance  Flexibility o Skill Related  Speed  Power  Reaction time  Coordination  Balance  Agility  Known the Surgeon General’s Report o Health benefits of exercise science o Participation on statistics o Ideas for exercise participation improvement o Special messages for special populations  Known how exercise effects chronic diseases o Exercise reduces the risk of chronic diseases o Controls body weight o Reduces the risk of depression and anxiety o Reduces risk of cardiovascular disease  Effects of exercise on cardiovascular disease o Stronger heart o More elastic / larger vessels o Improved blood flow o Reduced risk of atherosclerosis o Reduced blood pressure o Reduced risk of heart attack / stroke  Know other health benefits associated with exercise o Most likely related to direct arterial effects o Reduced inflammation o Reduces risk of bone fractures o Reduces risk of osteoporosis (maintains / increases bone density) o Improves quality of life


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