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by: Savannah Notetaker


Marketplace > Western Kentucky University > FLK 276-006 > STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1
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About this Document

These notes cover all the information given in class lectures thus far and include possible terms and concepts for the upcoming exam on Tuesday (9/20)
Intro to Folk Studies
Barry Kaufkins
Study Guide
Folklore, folk, Studies, verbal, material, performance, folktales, dialect, jargon, argot
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Savannah Notetaker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FLK 276-006 at Western Kentucky University taught by Barry Kaufkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.




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Date Created: 09/13/16
Tuesday, September 13, 2016 Study Guide for Exam 1 FLK 276 Teacher Question: What is folklore? - Folklore is everywhere, everyday. It comes from people and it very much a collaborative experience. - Folklore is the study of people. - Folklore is informally learned and unofficial, part of everyday experience. It is unofficial knowledge about the world, ourselves, our communities, beliefs, cultures, and traditions that is expressed creatively. Genres of Folklore: 1- Oral, Verbal, involving words 2- Material, tangible 3- Performance, Customary, habitual action FOLKLORE IN THE PAST: “survivals” 18th-19th century Folklore was seen as something leftover from the past and was disappearing quickly as the world became more mass media friendly. Survivals were the remaining folk and survivalists wanted to preserve the history of the country. The folk peasants hold the key to our past, in their lore survives our shared cultural heritage. Peasants (survivals): the folk old fashioned no formal education illiterate rural uncivilized Elites (survivalists): Not the folk modern formal education literate urban civilized Teacher Question: What is culture? TA: Clothing, food, customs, language, vernacular, beliefs, mannerisms, gestures, religion, stories, jokes, myths, legends, values, sayings, music. Culture is a way of life for a group of people. 3 Types of Culture : 1. Elite 2. Popular 3. Folk Elite: Official or high culture. Established and formal social institutions. 1 Tuesday, September 13, 2016 Popular: mainstream, mass produced, mass media, widespread Folk: traditional culture of everyday life. Franz Boas: 1858 to 1942 introduced the theory of “cultural relativism” This theory said that there was no universal culture, all cultures were independent, and none could be judged as less advanced by any other. Eliminating the separation between the folk and the elites. Folk Groups: Bearers of Traditions, sharing a body of informal culture. Esoteric: Within the group, specific to the group Exoteric: Outgroup, Mainstream Regional: Where they live Occupational: Jobs, workplace groups Religious: beliefs, church groups Ethnic: heritage Age: Different age groups ex. teen, senior citizens, children Interests/Hobbies: things you do in your free time Familial: within your family Jargon: Technical Speech Argot: Morphing of Words Slang: sometimes inventing words, sometimes giving words alternative meaning dialect: vernacular based on where you live Folktales— Traditional tales of fiction that contain important social truths and cultural beliefs and are typically told for entertainment Ways of Organizing Folktales for Comparative analysis: polygenesis: multiple Origins leading to similar stories morphology: changing from one story to the next Historic-Geographic method: as changed over time and location Tale Type Index— organized by whole plots/themes Motif index— organized by recurring elements (motifs): examples include Heroes and death this is cross-referenced with the tale type index Marchen characteristic elements— formulaic using phrases like Once Upon a Time, or the number three Supernatural events, magic Fantastical creatures and animals mortal characters bestowed with special powers unlikely Heroes lowly character requires great prestige or fame 2


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